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Civil Engineering

semester 3

Module 1

Vector Differential Calculus

Differentiation of vector functions – scalar and vector fields – gradient, divergence and curl of a vector function – their physical meaning – directional derivative – scalar potential, conservative fields – identities – simple problems.

Module 2

Vector Integral Calculus

Line, surface and volume Integrals – work done by a force along a path – Application of Green’s theorem, Stokes theorem and Gauss divergence theorem.

Module 3

Function of Complex Variable

Definition of analytic functions and singular points – derivation of C.R. equations in Cartesian co-ordinates – harmonic and orthogonal properties – construction of analytic function given real or imaginary parts – complex potential – conformal transformation of function like zn, ez, 1/z, sin z, z+k2/z – bilinear transformation – cross ratio – invariant property – simple problems.

Module 4

Finite Differences

Meaning of , , E, , – interpolation using Newton’s forward and backward formula – central differences – problems using Stirling’s formula, Lagrange’s formula and Newton’s divided difference formula for unequal intervals.

Module 5

Difference Calculus

Numerical differentiation using forward and backward differences – Numerical integration – Newton – Cote’s formula – trapezoidal rule – Simpson’s 1/3rd and 3/8th rule – simple problems. Difference equations – Solution of difference equations.

1. Erwin Kreyszig, Advanced Engg. Mathematics, Wiley Eastern Ltd.
2. Grawal B.S., Higher Engg. Mathematics, Khanna Publishers.
3. M.K.Venkataraman, Numerical Methods in science & Engg., National Publishing Co.
4. S.Balachandra Rao and G.K.Shantha, Numerical Methods, University press.
5. Michael D.Greenberg, Advanced Engg. Mathematics, Prentice-Hall.
6. M. R. Spiegel, Theory and Problems of Vector analysis, McGraw – Hill.


Module 1

Properties of fluids: Definition and Units, Mass density, specific weight, surface tension, capillarity, Viscosity – Classification of fluids – Ideal and real fluids, Newtonian and non – Newtonian fluids.
Fluid pressure – Atmospheric, Absolute, gauge and Vaccum Pressure, Measurement of Pressure – Piezometer, manometer, Bourden Gauge. Total pressure and centre of pressure on a submerged lamina. Pressure on a submerged curved surface – pressure on lock gates, Pressure on gravity dams.

Module 2
Buoyancy – Centre of buoyancy – Metacentre – Stability of floating bodies – Determination of metacentric height – Analytical & experimental methods.
Types of flow – Streamline, Path line and Streak line, Velocity Potential, Stream Function, Circulation and Vorticity, Laplace’s Differential equation in rectangular co-ordinates for two dimensional irrotational flow.
Flow Net – Orthogonality of stream lines and equipotential lines. Stream tube – continuity equation for one dimensional flow.

Module 3
Forces influencing motion – Energy of fluids, Euler’s equation, statement and derivation of Bernoulli’s equation and assumptions made.
Applications of Bernoulli’s equation – Venturi meter, Orifice meter, Pitot tube
Orifices and Mouth Pieces – Coefficients of Contraction, Velocity and Discharge, External and internal mouthpiece.
Notches and weirs – Rectangular, triangular, trapezoidal notches, Cippoletti weir, submerged weir, broad crested weir.

Module 4
Flow through pipes: Laminar and Turbulent flow – Reynold’s experiment, loss of head due to friction, Darcy – Weishbach Equation, Other energy losses in pipes.

Hydraulic Gradient and Total Energy Lines: Flow through long pipes – Pipes in series and parallel, Siphon, Transmission of power through pipes –nozzle diameter for maximum power transmission.
Laminar Flow in circular pipes: Hagen poiseuille Equation, Laminar flow through porous media, Stoke’s law.
Turbulent flow through pipes: Hydro-dynamically smooth and rough boundary, Velocity distribution for turbulent flow. Drag and lift for immersed bodies.

Module 5
Dimensional Analysis and Model studies: Units and dimensions of physical quantities, Dimensional Homogeneity of formulae and it’s application to common fluid flow problems, Dimensional Analysis-Rayleigh’s method, Buckingham’s method. Derivations of dimensionless parameters, Froude’s, Reynold’s, Webber, Mach numbers.
Hydraulic Models: Need, Hydraulic Similitude, geometric, Kinematic, Dynamic Similarity, Scale ratios of various physical quantities for Froude’s and Reynold’s model laws – problems, Selection of scale of models – Distorted models, Moving Bed models, Scale effects in models, Spillway models and Ship models.


1. Streeter V. L., Fluid Mechanics, Mc Graw Hill, International Students Edition.
2. Dr. P. N. Modi & Dr. S. M. Seth, Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics, Standard Book House Delhi.
3. Jagdishlal, Fluid Mechanics & Hydraulics, Metropolitan Book Co., Delhi.
4. R. J. Garde and A. G. Mirajoaker, Engineering Fluid Mechanics, Nem Chand & Bross., RoorKee.


Module 1

Stress-strain: Bars of varying cross section-Composite section-temperature stresses. Strain energy: Gradually applied and suddenly applied load.
Compound stresses: Two dimensional problems-principal stresses and principal planes-maximum shear stress-planes of maximum shear- Graphical method.

Module 2
Bending moment and shear force: Shear force and Bending moment diagrams for various types of statically determinate beams with various loading combinations- relation between load, shear force and bending moment.
Module 3
Stresses in beams: Theory of simple bending- stresses in symmetrical sections- bending stress distribution- modulus of section- shear stress distribution in beams- stress in various sections- built up sections – composite sections- beams of uniform strength.

Module 4
Stresses due to torsion: Torsion of solid and hollow circular shafts- power transmitted-stresses due to axial thrust-bending and torsion.
Springs: Close coiled and open coiled- carriage springs. Pressure vessels: Thin and thick cylinders-Lame’s equation-stresses in thick
cylinders due to internal and external pressures.

Module 5
Columns and struts: Short and long columns-elastic instability-Euler’s formula for long columns with different end conditions- slenderness ratio- Rankine’s formula-Empirical formula-Buit up members-columns subjected to eccentric loading and initial curvature. Combined bending and direct stresses: Core of different sections- wind pressure on structures. Unsymmetrical bending: Product of inertia-principal axes-stresses due to
unsymmetrical bending. Shear centre: Shear centre of sections having two axes of symmetry.


1. Timoshenko.S.P, Strength of Materials, Part-1, D.Van Nostrand company, Inc.Newyork.
2. Popov E.P., Engineering Mechanics of solids, Prentice Hall of India, New Deihi.
3. Punmia B.C, Strength of Materials and Mechanics of structures, Vol.1, Lakshmi Publications, New Delhi.
4. Vazirani V.N., Ratwani N. M., Analysis of Structures, Vol.1, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi.
5. Kazimi S.M.A., Solid Mechanics, Tata Mc Graw Hill.
6. William A Nash, Strength of Materials, Mc Graw Hill.
7. Ryder G.H., Strength of Materials, ELBS.
8. Arthur Morley, Strength of Materials, ELBS, Longman’s Green& Company.


C 304

Module 1


Admixtures in Concrete – light weight concrete – heavy weight concrete – mass
concrete – ready mix concrete – polymer concrete – vacuum concrete – shortcrete
– pre-packed concrete – pumped concrete.
Joints – Construction joints – expansion joints – contraction joints – sliding joints
– joints in water retaining structures etc.
Scaffolding and Formwork (elementary concepts only).

Module 2
Flooring – different types – Mosaic – marble – granite – roofing – pitched and flat
roofs – domes and folded plate roofs – doors, windows and ventilators – types –
construction details of paneled&glazed– I. S. specifications.
Damp prevention – Causes – Material used – Damp proofing of floors – walls –
Finished works – plastering, painting – white washing – distempering –
application of Snowcem – Concrete repairs-construction and constructed facilities.

Module 3
Functional planning of buildings – general principles of site plan – principles of
functional planning – orientation of buildings – shading principles.
Modern construction materials – Intelligent buildings – building automation.

Module 4
Construction management – Mechanisation in construction – earth moving,
handling, pneumatic and hoisting equipment – pile driving equipment – Earth

work computation – mass diagram – soil compaction & stabilization – owning
and operating works of construction equipment.

Module 5
Departmental organizational structure – staff pattern – powers and functions of
officers in planning, organising, directing and controlling construction –PWD
PWD system of account – classification of transactions –heads of accounts – cash
– precautions in keeping accounts – construction accounts.
Stores – Safe custody of stores – classification – works – administrative sanction,
technical sanction – categories of works.


1. M. S. Shetty, Concrete technology, S.Chand & Co.
2. S. P.Arora, Building construction, Dhanpat Rai & Sons, New Delhi.
3. Dr.Mahesh Varma, Construction Equipment and its Planning and Application,
Metropolitan Book Company.
4. R.L.Peurifoy, W.B.Ledbetter, Construction Planning, Equipment, and methods,
Tata Mc Graw Hill.
5. B.L.Gupta, Amit Gupta, Construction Management and Accounts, Standard
publishers and Distributors.



Module 1


Introduction – Principles – classifications – Chain surveying: Ranging and
chaining. Reciprocal ranging – over-coming obstacles –setting perpendicular and
gradients – traversing – plotting – errors in chaining and their corrections.
Compass surveying – Prismatic compass – surveyor’s compass – bearings –
systems and conversions – local attraction – Magnetic declination – dip –
traversing – plotting – adjustment of error by graphical and analytical method
(Bowditch’s). Plane table surveying – Different methods – Traversing.

Module 2
Levelling: levels and staves – spirit level – sensitiveness – bench marks –
temporary and permanent adjustments –booking – methods of reduction of levels –
arithmetic checks-differential, fly, check and profile levelling cross sectioning –
curvature and refraction – reciprocal levelling – errors in levelling – contouring –
characteristics and uses of contours – Locating contours- plotting.

Module 3
Theodolite traversing: Transit theodolite – vernier, micrometer and micro-optic
theodolites – description and uses – fundamental lines of a transit theodolite –

temporary and permanenet adjustments – horizontal angle – reiteration and
repetition methods– booking. Vertical angle measurements. Methods of traversing
– conditions of closure – closing error and distribution – Gales traverse table –
plotting by co-ordinates – omitted measurements.
Tacheometric surveying: – general principles Stadia method – distance and
elevation formulae for staff held vertical – Instruments constants – analytic lens –
tangential method – use of subtense bar – electromagnetic distance measurement –

Module 4
Areas and volumes Areas – by latitude and departure – meridian distance method
– double meridian distance method – co-ordinate method – trapezoidal and
Simpson’s method – area by planimeter. Volume – trapezoidal and prismoidal
rule. Volume from contours. – Capacity of reservoirs – Mass haul curve.
Module 5
Curves: Elements of a simple curve – setting out simple curve by chain and tape
methods – Rankine’s method – two theodolite method – compound and reverse
curve (parallel tangents only) – transition curves – different kinds – functions and
requirements – setting out the combined curve by theodolite – elements of vertical
1. Dr. B. C. Punmia, Surveying Vol. I & II, Laxmi Publications (P) LTD, New Delhi.
2. T.P. Kanetkar & Kulkarni, Surveying and leveling Vol. I&II A.V.G.Publications,
3. Dr. K. R. Arora, Surveying Vol. I, Standard Book House New Delhi.
4. C. Venkatramaiah, Text Book of Surveying, Universities Press (India) LTD.
5. S.K.Roy, Fundamental of Surveying, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.
6. S.K. Hussain & M.S. Nagaraj, Surveying, S.Chand & Company Limited.
7. B.N.Basak – Surveying.
8. Alak De, Plane Surveying, S.Chand &Co.





Detailed drawings of paneled doors, glazed doors, glazed windows and ventilators with
wooden frames. (2 sheets).
Reinforced concrete staircase (1 sheet).
Roof truss in standard steel sections (1 sheet).
Roof lines (1 sheet).
Roof detailing for M. P. tiles (1 Sheet).

Working drawings – plan, section and elevation of single storied buildings with RC and
tiled roofs (only residential buildings) (8 sheets).
(Preparation of plan from line sketches only)

Marks distribution


Part A
Part B

40 marks
60 marks

1. Balagopal & T. S. Prabhu, Building drawing & detailing, Spades Publishers and
distributors, Calicut.
2. Shah & Kale, Building Drawing, Tata Mc Graw Hill, New Delhi.
3. B.P.Varma, Civil Engineering drawing and House Planning, Khanna Publishers,
4. Gurucharan Singh, Subhash Chander Sharma, Civil Engineering drawing,
Standard Publishers distributors, Delhi.


C 307

1. Tests on springs (open and close coiled)
2. Bending Test on Wooden Beams using U. T. M. ‘


3. Verification of Clerk. Maxwell’s Law of reciprocal deflection and determination of
E for steel.
4. Torsion Pendulum (M.S. wires. Aluminum wires and brass wires)
5. Torsion test using U. T. M. on M. S. Rod, torsteel and High Tensile steel.
6. Torsion Test on M. S, Road
7. Shear Test on M.S. Rod.
8. Fatigue Test
9. Impact Test (Izod and Charpy)
10. Hardness Test (Brinell, Vicker’s and Rebound)
11. Strut Test.

All tests should be done as per relevant BIS.



1. Running a closed compass traverse – plotting and adjustments.
2. Plane table surveying.
i. Traversing.
ii. Three point problem
iii. Two point problem.

3. Levelling.
i. Study of leveling instruments



Reduction of levels by H I method
Reduction of levels by rise and fall method
Longitudinal sectioning and cross sectioning.

4. Theodolite Surveying
i. Study of transit theodolite.

ii.Measurements of horizontal angles by the method of repetition.
iii.Measurement of horizontal angles by the method of reiteration.
5. Study of minor instruments.

semester 4

Module 1



Ordinary Differential Equations: Linear Differential equations with constant
coefficents – Finding P.I. by the method of variation of parameters – Cauchys
equations – Linear Simultaneous eqns- simple applications in engineering

Module 2
Partial Differential Equations: Formation by eliminating arbitrary constants and
arbitrary Functions – solution of Lagrange Linear Equations – Charpits Method –
solution of homogeneous linear partial differential equation with constant
coefficients – solution of one dimensional wave equation and heat equation using
method of separation of variables – Fourier solution of one dimensional wave

Module 3
Fourier Transforms: Statement of Fourier Integral Theorems – Fourier
Transforms – Fourier Sine & Cosine transforms – inverse transforms – transforms
of derivatives – Convolution Theorem (no proof) – Parsevals Identity – simple

Module 4
Probability and statistics: Binomial law of probability – The binomial
distribution, its mean and variance – Poisson distribution as a limiting case of
binomial distribution – its mean and variance – fitting of binomial & Poisson
distributions – normal distribution – properties of normal curve – standard normal
curve – simple problems in binomial, Poisson and normal distributions.

Module 5
Population & Samples: Sampling distribution of mean ( known) –Sampling
distribution of variance, F and Chi square test – Level of significance – Type 1
and Type 2 errors – Test of hypothesis – Test of significance for large samples –
Test of significance for single proportion, difference of proportions, single mean
and difference of mean (proof of theorems not expected).


1. B.S. Grewal, Higher Engineering Mathematics, Khanna Publishers.
2. M.K. Venkataraman, Engineering Mathematics Vol. II -3rd year Part A & B,
National Publishing Company.
3. Ian N.Sneddon, Elements of Partial Differential Equations,Mc Graw Hill
International Edn.
4. Richard A Johnson, Miller and Fread’s Probability and statistics for engineers,
Pearson Education Asia / PHI.
5. Bali and Iyengar, A text book of Engineering Mathematics (Volume II), Laxmi


Publications Ltd.
6. Erwin Kreyszig, Advanced Engg. Mathematics, Wiley Eastern Ltd.
7. Hogg and Tanis, Probability and statistical inferences, Pearson Education Asia.


Module 1


Flow in open Channel – Uniform and non uniform flow, equations for uniform
flow – Chezy’s and Manning’s formula, Most economical cross sections –
Velocity distribution in open channels, Conveyance of a canal section, Normal
depth, computation of uniform flow, Energy in open channel flow, specific energy,
specific force diagrams, critical velocity, critical states of flow, Froude number,
measurement of discharge in channels.

Module 2
Gradually varied flow – Dynamic Equation for gradually varied flow, Different
forms of the dynamic equation, Characteristics of surface profiles in prismatic
channels, backwater computation by direct step method.

Module 3
Rapidly varied flow, hydraulic jump – initial and sequent depths,
non-dimensional equation, Practical application of hydraulic jump, Types of jump
in horizontal floor, Basic characteristics of the jump, Energy loss, efficiency,
height of jump, jump as energy dissipater, stilling basins, Location of hydraulic

Module 4
Hydraulic Machines – Impact of jet, Force of jet on stationary and moving plates
– turbines – Classification, velocity triangle for Pelton, Francis, Kaplan turbines,
Specific speed, selection of turbines, draft tube – types, Penstock, surge tank –
types, tail race.

Module 5
Centrifugal Pumps – Types, Velocity triangle for pumps, Head of pump, Losses
and efficiency, Minimum starting speed, Specific speed, Multistage pump, Pumps
in parallel. Positive displacement pumps – working principle, types of
reciprocating pumps, work done, effect of acceleration and frictional resistance,
slip and coefficient of discharge. Indicator diagram, separation in suction and
delivery pipes. Air vessel – rate of flow into and from air vessel.


1. Ven Te Chow, Open Channel Hydraulics, Mc Graw Hill Ltd.
2. K. Subrahmanya, Flow in open channel vol.1, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi
3. Dr. P. N. Modi & Dr. S. M. Seth, Hydraulics & Fluid Mechanics, Standard Book
House, Delhi.
4. Jagadheesh Lal, Hydraulic Machines, Metropolitian Book Co., New Delhi.



Module 1


Deflection of determinate beams: Differential equation of the elastic curve-
slope and deflection of beams by method of successive integration-Macaulay’s
method- moment area method-conjugate beam method-deflection due to shear.

Module 2
Energy Theorems: Strain energy due to axial load-bending-shear and
torsion-principle of super position-principle of virtual work-Castigliano’s first
theorem-Betti’s theorem-Maxwell’s law of reciprocal deflection-unit load method
and strain energy method for determination of deflection of statically determinate
beams-pin jointed frames-effect of temperature-lack of fit.

Module 3
Moving loads and influence lines: effect of moving loads-influence lines for
reaction, shear force and bending moment for determinate beams-load
position-absolute maximum bending moment.

Module 4
Arches: Theoretical arch-Eddy’s theorem-analysis of three hinged arches –
moving loads on arches-settlement and temperature effect.

Module 5
Cables and suspension bridges: General cable theorem-analysis of cables under
concentrated and uniformly distributed loads-shape and stresses due to self
weight-anchor cables-temperature effect-suspension bridges with three hinged and
two hinged stiffening girders-influence lines for bending moment and shear
force-temperature stresses in stiffening girder.


1. Reddy C.S., Basic Structural Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co.1996.
2. Smith J.C. Structural Analysis, Macmillian Pub.Co.1985.
3. Rajesekharan &Sankarasubramanian,G., Computational Structural Mechanics,
Prentice Hall of India, 2001.
4. Wang C.K.& Solomon C.G., Introductory Structural Analysis, McGraw Hill.1968.

5. Sadhu Sindh, Strength of Materials, Khanna Publishers, 1988.
6. Seeli F.B.& Smith J.P., Advanced Mechanics of Materials, John Wiley &Sons,

7. Norris & Wilbur, Elementary Structural Analysis, McGraw Hill.
8. Junarker S.R., Mechanics of Structures, Vol. II, Charorbar Book Stall.
9. Timoshenko S.P, Young D.H., Theory of structures, McGraw Hill
10. Thadani B.N, Desai J.P, Structural mechanics, Weinall Book Corporation.
11. Punmia B.C., Strength of materials and theory of structures, Vol.II, Laxmi


C 404
Part A

Module 1

Engineering Economics


Indian Industries: Industrial pattern-Industrial growth-Inadequacies of the
program of industrialisation-Role of the public sector-problems and prospects of
privatization-multinational corporations and their impacts on the Indian
economy-inflation-demand pull and cost push-effects of price increases.

Module 2
Accountancy: Objectives of accounting – management accounting and financial
accounting – journal – ledger – the trial balance – balance sheet – profit and loss

Module 3
Financial management: The Indian financial system – types of banks and their
functions – long term financing – the stock market – functions and problems faced
by the stock market – Industrial finance – loans and return of loans – cost benefit
analysis – methods of appraising profitability – pay back method – average rate of
return – internal rate of return – net present value.

Part B
Construction Management

Module 4
Introduction to job planning and Management: Bar charts and mile stone
charts – work breakdown structure – C P M and PERT networks – Network and
time estimates – Earliest expected time – Forward pass and backward pass – Time
estimates – related problems.

Module 5
Project costs analysis: Cost Vs Time curve – optimum duration- related problems
– updating, resource allocation – resource smoothing – resource leveling – Network
compression – Compression limited by crashing – float- parallel critical paths –
crashed critical paths – most economical solution.

Module 6
Industrial Relations: Payment of wages Act – Minimum wages Act – Employees

State Insurance Act –Workers participation in management – labour welfare and
social security – Industrial safety and welfare provision – role of state in labour
welfare – role of labour welfare officers social security principles and practice.


1. A.N.Agarwal, Indian economy, Wishwa prakashan.
2. Prasanna Chandra, Fundamentals of financial management, Tata McGraw Hill.
3. Ruddar Datt, K.P.M. Sundaram, Indian economy, S.Chand &Co.
4. James.D.Steevens, Techniques for Construction Network Sheduling, McGraw
5. S.C.Sharma, Management of Systems, Khanna Publishers.
6. T.R.Banga, S.C.Sharma, Industrial Organisation and Engineering Economics,
Khanna Publishers.
7. L. S. Srinath, PERT and CPM Principles and Applications, East – West Press.



Module 1


Triangulation: triangulation figures – classification of triangulation systems –
selection of triangulation stations – intervisibility and heights of stations – station
marks – signals and towers – base line – choice – instrument and accessories –
measurement of base lines – corrections – satellite stations – need, reduction to
centre – extension of base.

Module 2
Theory of errors and triangulation Adjustments: Kinds of error – laws of
weights – principles of least squares – determination of most probable value of
quantities – probable error – distribution of error to the field measurements –
normal equation – Method of corrections – Adjustment of simple triangulation

Module 3
Hydrographic surveying – Equipment – Methods of locating soundings –
reduction and plotting of soundings – use of sextants and station pointer. Geodesy
– shape of earth – effects of curvature – spherical excess – convergence of

Module 4
Terrestrial photogrammetry – General principles – photo theodolite – horizontal
position of a point from photogrammetric measurements – elevation of a point –
determination of focal length of lens. Aerial photogrammentry – aerial camera –
scale of vertical photograph – relief displacement on a vertical photograph –
principle of parallax – stereoscopic pairs – flight planning – radial line method –
flying height and overlaps – remote sensing – concepts of remote sensing – ideal
remote sensing system.

Module 5
Field Astronomy: – Definitions – celestial sphere – co-ordinate systems –
astronomical triangle – sidereal, apparent and mean solar time – corrections to
astronomical observations – determination of azimuth, latitude and longitude –
different methods.


1. T. P. Kanetkar and Kulkarni, Surveying and leveling Vol. II, A.V.G. Publications,
2. B. C. Punmia, Surveying and leveling Vol. II, Laxmi Publications (P) LTD, New
3. Thoms M.Lillerand, Remote sensing and image interpretation, John Wiley &
Sons, Inc. New York.
4. Dr. K.R. Arora, Surveying Vol. II, Standard Book House, New Delhi.




Preparation of design, sketches and working drawings as per area and functional
Working drawings for

1. Residential buildings: Flat and pitched roof – cottages, bungalows and flats (single
storied and double storied) (4 sheets)
2. Public buildings – schools, offices, libraries, restaurants, commercial complexes
3. Preparation of site plan and plan as per building rules. (2 sheets)
4. Plumbing: water supply and sanitary drawings for residential buildings. (1 sheet)

The student is expected to know local building rules and national building code
provisions. The student is expected to prepare sketch design for clients and submission
drawings for approval


1. Balagopal & T. S. Prabhu, Building drawing & detailing, Spades Publishers and
distributors, Calicut.
2. Shah & Kale, Building Drawing, Tata Mc Graw Hill, New Delhi.
3. B.P.Varma, Civil Engineering drawing and House Planning, Khanna Publishers,
4. Gurucharan Singh, Subhash Chander Sharma, Civil Engineering drawing,
Standard Publishers distributors, Delhi.
5. National Building code, Kerala building byelaws.






1. Study of taps, valves, pipe fittings, gauges, pitot tubes, watermeters and current
2. Determination of metacentric height and radius of gyration of floating bodies.
3. Hydraulic coefficients of orifices and mouth pieces under constant head method
and time of emptying method.
4. Calibration of venturimeter, orifice meter and water meter.
5. Calibration of rectangular and triangular notches.
6. Determination of Darcy’s and Chezy’s constant for pipe flow.
7. Determination of Chezy’s constant and Mannings number for open channel flow.
8. Determination of discharge coefficient for Plug-Sluices.

1. Study of centrifugal, self priming and reciprocating pumps; impulse and reaction
2. Performance characteristics of centrifugal pump.
3. Performance characteristics of reciprocating pump.
4. Performance characteristics of self priming pump.
5. Performance characteristics of Pelton wheel .
6. Performance characteristics of Francis turbine.
7. Performance characteristics of Kaplan turbine.



1. Measurement of vertical angles using theodolite.


2. Solution to problems on heights distances by observations using a theodolite.
3. Traversing using a theodolite – distribution of errors using gale’s traverse table.
4. Determination of constants of the transit theodolite.
5. Heights and distances – using the stadia Tacheometer Principles.
6. Heights and distances – using tangential tachometry.
7. Setting out a simple circular curve by offsets from long chord.
8. Setting out a circular curve by Rankine’s method.
9. Setting out a building – Foundation marking.
10. Study of total station.

semester 5


Module 1


Complex Integration: Line Integral –Cauchy’s integral theorem- Cauchy’s
integral formula-Taylor’s series-Laurent’s series- zeros and singularities-
Residues- residue theorem-Evaluation of real integrals using contour integration
involving unit circle and semicircle.

Module 2
Numerical solution of algebraic and transcendental equations: Successive
bisection method-Regula falsi method – Newton –Raphson method – solution of
system of linear equations by Jacobi’s iteration method and Gauss-Siedel method.

Module 3
Numerical solution of ordinary differential equation: Taylor’s series method-
Euler’s method –Modified Eulers method – Runge – Kutta method (IV
order)-Milne’s predictor corrector method.

Module 4
Z – Transforms: Definition of Z transform- properties –Z transform of
polynomial functions – trigonometric functions, shifting property, convolution
property- inverse transform – solution of 1st & 2nd order difference equations with
constant coefficients using Z transforms.

Module 5
Linear programming: graphical solution – solution using simplex method (non –
degenerate case only) – Big-M method,two phase method- Duality in L.P.P.-
Balanced T.P. – Vogels approximation method – Modi method.


1. Ervin Kreyszig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Wiley Eastern limited.
2. Dr. B.S.Grewal, Numerical methods in Engineering & Science, Kanna Publishers.
3. Dr. B.S.Grewal, Higher Engineering Mathematics, Kanna Publishers.
4. Dr. M.K.Venkitaraman, Numerical methods in Science & Engineering, National
Publishing Company.
5. P.C.Tulsian & Vishal Pandey, Quantitative techniques Theory & Problems,
Pearson Education Asia.
6. Churchill and Brown, Complex variables and applications, McGraw-Hill.
7. Panneer Selvam, Operations research, PHI.
8. S Arumugam, A.T.Isaac & A Somasundaram, Engineering Mathematics Vol. III,
Scitech publications
9. T.K.M.Pillai, G.Ramanaigh & S.Narayanan, Advanced Mathematics for Engg.
Students Vol. III- S.Vishwananthan printers & publishers.



Module 1



Working stress method: Introduction- permissible stresses-factor of safety
–behaviour of R.C.C beams –assumptions-under reinforced –over reinforced and
balanced sections. Theory of singly and doubly reinforced beams.

Module 2
Limit state method: Concepts-assumptions –characteristic strength and load-
partial safety factors-limit states-limit state of collapse –limit state of
serviceability. Theory of singly and doubly reinforced rectangular sections in
flexure-design of simply supported and flanged beams.

Module 3
Behaviour and design of one way and two way slabs-Continuous slabs-analysis
using method recommended by BIS -arrangements of reinforcement in slabs.
Design of flat slab.

Module 4
Design of columns: Limit state method- I S specifications-design of columns with
lateral and helical reinforcement-members subjected to combined axial load and

Module 5
Design of footings-Isolated footing with axial and eccentric loading-combined
footing. Stair cases-introduction to different types-design of simply supported
flights-cantilever steps.


1. Relevant IS codes. (I.S 456, I.S 875,SP 16)
2. Park R and Pauloy T, Reinforced concrete structures, John Wiely & sons Inc.
3. Purushothaman P, Reinforced concrete structural elements-Behaviour, Analysis
and Design, Tata McGraw Hill publishing company Ltd.
4. Unnikrishna Pillai S. & D.Menon, Reinforced concrete design, Tata McGraw Hill
Publishing company Ltd.
5. Mallick S.K., Reinforced concrete, Oxford & IBH Publishing company.
6. Varghese P.C., Limit state design of Reinforced concrete, Printice Hall of India
Pvt Ltd.
7. Ashok .K. Jain, Reinforced concrete- Limit state design, New Chand & Bose.



Module 1


Statically indeterminate structures-degree of indeterminacy-force and
displacement methods of structural analysis. Force method of analysis of
indeterminate structures – Method of consistent deformation-analysis of fixed
beams and continuous beams. Clapyron’s theorem of three moments- analysis of
fixed and continuous beams Minimum strain energy-Castigliano’s second
theorem-analysis of indeterminate beams, portal frames and trusses.

Module 2
Displacement method of analysis of statically indeterminate structures: Slope
deflection method-fundamental equations-analysis of continuous beams & portal
frames (with sway and without sway) – Moment distribution method-analysis of
continuous beams & portal frames (with sway and without sway).

Module 3
Theories of Elastic Failure: Maximum principal stress theory- maximum shear
stress theory – maximum principal strain theory – Mohr’s theory. Influence line
diagrams for statically indeterminate structures: Muller Breslau’s principle-
Influence lines for reactions-shear force-bending moment-propped
cantilever-continuous beams and fixed beams

Module 4
Matrix methods: Classification of structures-static& kinematic indeterminacy
Stiffness method-coordinate systems-element stiffness matrix – Direct stiffness
method – structure stiffness matrix-assembly of structure stiffness matrix from
element stiffness matrix-equivalent joint load – incorporation of boundary
conditions –analysis of beams and frames (rigid & pinjointed).

Module 5
Flexibility method: Flexibility influence coefficients – flexibility matrix-analysis
of beams & frames (rigid and pinjointed).


1. Weaver &Gere, Matrix Analysis of Structures, East West Press.
2. Moshe F. Rubinstein – Matrix Computer Analysis of Structures- Prentice Hall,
3. Meek J.L., Matrix Structural Analysis, McGraw Hill,1971.
4. Reddy C.S., Basic Structural Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co.1996.
5. Smith J.C. Structural Analysis, Macmillian Pub.Co.1985.

6. Rajesekharan & Sankarasubramanian,G., Computational Structural Mechanics,
Prentice Hall of India, 2001.
7. Mukhopadhyay M., Matrix Finite Element Computer and Structural Analysis,
Oxford & IBH,1984.
8. Wang C.K.& Solomon C.G., Introductory Structural Analysis, McGraw
9. Pezemieniecki, J.S, Theory of Matrix Structural Analysis, McGraw Hill Co., 1984

10. Sadhu Sindh, Strength of Materials, Khanna Publishers, 1988.
11. Seeli F.B.&Smith J.P., Advanced Mechanics of Materials, John Wiley &Sons,
12. Norris & Wilbur, Elementary Structural Analysis, McGraw Hill.
13. Junarker S.R., Mechanics of Structures, Vol. II, Charorbar Book Stall.


C 504

Module 1


Basic concepts of operation of a computer: Operating system – drives,
directories and files – types of files -COM, EXE, BAT – booting – operating
system commands – creating, editing, listing and copying files – different levels
of programming languages – high level languages – compilers and interpreters –
compiling, linking and running – structured programming – program
planning – algorithms, flowcharts – simple examples.

Module 2
Introduction to C language: Character set -operators – constants and variables –
data types – use of control statements – if, for, while, do-while, switch –
conditional assignment – use of built in l/O functions – writing small programs.

Module 3
Functions: Declaration – passing parameters by value and by reference – writing
trigonometric, algebraic and string handling functions – recursion – scope rules –
storage classes – macros.

Module 4
Arrays: Declaration and handling – sorting – pointers and arrays – pointers as
parameters to functions – structures and unions – array of structures – sorting of
strings – linked lists.

Module 5
Data files: Reading, writing and appending data files – binary files – transfer of
data in blocks – command line arguments – operation on files at command line.


1. Balaguruswamy, Programming in C, Tata Mc Graw Hill.

2. Kern Ingham & Ritchie, The C programming language, Prentice Hall.
3. Byron S Gottfried, Programming with C, Tata Mc Graw Hill.
4. Y. Kenetker, Let us C, BPB Publications.
5. V. Rajaraman, Programming with C.
6. Y. Kenetker, Exploring C, BPB Publications.

C 505

Module 1


Introduction: Various branches of geology – Relevance of Geology in
Engineering. Geologic time scale.
Physical Geology: Geomorphic processes-Rock weathering-Formation of
soils-soil profiles-soils of India – Geologic work and engineering significance of
rivers and oceans.

Module 2
Dynamic Geology: Interior constitution of the earth-Various methods to study the
interior-crust, mantle, core-lithosphere-asthenosphere-major discontinuities-Moho,
Guttenberg, Lehmann- composition of different layers-sima & sial.
Plate tectonics: Lithospheric plates-diverging, converging and transform
boundaries-their characteristic features-midoceanic ridge, benioff zone and
transform faults-significance of plate tectonic concept.
Earthquake: Elastic rebound theory-types of seismic waves-cause of
earthquake-intensity and magnitude of earthquake-Locating epicentre and
hypocenter-effect of earthquake-distribution of earthquake-earthquake resistant

Module 3
Mineralogy: Definition and classification-important physical properties of
minerals-colour, streak, lusture, transperancy, cleavage, fracture, hardness, form,
specific gravity and magnetism. Study of the diagnostic physical properties and
chemical composition of the following rock forming minerals: 1.Quartz,
2.Feldspar, 3.Hypersthene, 4.Auguite, 5. Hornblende, 6. Biotite, 7.Muscovite,
8.Olivine, 9.Garnet, 10.Fluorite, 11.Tourmaline, 12.Calcite, 13.Kyanite, 14.
Kaolin, 15. Serpentine.
Petrology: Definition and classification-important structures and textures of
igneous sedimentary and metamorphic rocks-diagnostic texture, mineralogy,
engineering properties and uses of following rocks:
Igneous rocks: 1. Granite, 2. Syenite, 3. Diorite, 4. Gabbro, 5. Peridotite,
6.Dolerite, 7.Basalt 8.Pegmatite.
Sedimentary rocks: 1. Conglomerate, 2. Breccia, 3. Sandstone, 4. Limestone, 5.
shale.Metamorphic rocks: 1. Gneiss, 2. Schist, 3. Slate, 4. Marble, 5. Quartzite, 6.
Mylonite, 7. Pseudotachyllite.

Special Indian rock types: 1. Charnockite, 2. Khondalite, 3. Laterite.

Module 4
Structural Geology: Definition-outcrop-stratification-dip and strike.
Folds-definition- parts of fold-classification-recognition of folds in the field-
Faults-definition-parts of a fault-classification-recognition in the field-effects of
faulting and subsequent erosion on outcrops. Joints-definition-classification.
Unconformites-definition-classification recognition in the field. Effects of all the
above described structures in the major engineering projects like reservoirs, dams,
tunnels and other important structures.

Module 5
Engineering Geology: Mass movement of earth materials-Landslides-definition,
classification, causes of land slides and their corrections-Geological considerations
in the selection of sites for reservoirs and dams. Geological considerations in
Tunnel constructions and mountain roads-rocks as building materials.





advantages-aquifer-acquiclude-acquifuge-artesian conditions and artesian
wells-cone of depression–perched water table.
Recommended field work: Field trip to quarries or geologically significant places
to learn – in site character of rocks in quarries/outcrops-measuring strike and dip of
a formation-tracing of outcrops.


1. Arthur Holmes, Physical geology, Thomas Nelson.
2. Parbin Singh, Engineering & general geology, K.Katria & sons, New Delhi.
3. HH.Read, Rutleys elements of mineralogy, George Allen & Unwin Ltd, London.
4. G.W.Tyrell, Principles of petrology, B.I. Publications, Bombay.
5. M.P.Billings, Strucutural geology, Aisa publishing house, New Delhi.
6. Krynine&Judd, Engineering geology & geotechniques, Tata McGraw hill, New
7. David Keith Todd, Groundwater hydrology, John Wiley & sons, New York.



Module 1


Soil formation and soil types: Residual soil and transported soil-Soil
structure-Basic structural units of clay minerals. Simple soil properties: three
phase systems – void ratio – porosity – degree of saturation – moisture content –
specific gravity – unit weight relationships.
Laboratory and field identification of soils: Determination of water content,
specific gravity, determination of field density by core cutter and sand replacement
method, grain size analysis by sieve, hydrometer and pipette analysis – Atterberg








Classification of soils: Principles of classification – I. S. classification – plasticity
chart – Sensitivity and thixotropy.

Module 2
Permeability of soils: Darcy’s law – factors affecting – constant head
and falling head test – permeability of stratified deposits. soil- water system –
classification of soil water – capillarity of soils – principles of effective stress.
Seepage of soils: seepage pressure, critical hydraulic gradient – quick
sand condition – flownet diagram for isotropic and anisotropic soils – phreatic
line in earth dams – exit gradient- protective filters.

Module 3
Shear strength: Shear strength parameters – Mohr’s circle – Mohr Coulomb
strength theory -direct, triaxial, unconfined and vane shear tests- Drainage
conditions – UU, CD and CD tests – choice of test conditions for field problems –
measurement of pore pressure-critical void ratio and liquefaction.

Module 4
Compaction: Objects of compaction – proctor test and modified proctor test –
concept of OMC and Max. dry density – Zero air void line – factors affecting
compaction – effect of compaction on soil properties – field methods-.of
compaction – control of compaction.
Stability of slopes: types of failures of soil slopes – Swedish circle method – ( ) =
0 analysis and C – ( ) analysis. Friction circle method -Taylor’s stability number
and stability charts.

Module 5
Compressibility and consolidation of soils: void ratio – pressure relationship –
concept of coefficient of compressibility – coefficient of volume change and
compression index – normally loaded and pre loaded deposits – determination of
preconsolidation pressure – Terzaghi’s theory of one dimensional consolidation –
time rate of consolidation – time factor – degree of consolidation – square root time
and log time – fitting methods – coefficient of consolidation – calculation of void
ratio – height of solids methods and change in void ratio method – settlement


1. Murthy V. N.S, Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Nai Sarak, Delhi.
2. Jumkis A .R., Soil Mechanics, Calgotia Book Source Publishers.
3. Gopal Ranjan and A .S .R .Rao, Basic and Applied Soil Mechanics, New Age
International Publishers.
4. Punmia B. C., Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Laxshmi Publications,
New Delhi.


5. Arora K. R., Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Standard Publishers,
6. V. Narasimha Rao and Venkatramaiah, Numerical Problems, Examples and
Objective Questions in Geotechnical Engineering, Orient LongMan Publishers.
7. Lambe & Whitman, Soil Mechanics, John Wiely Publications.


C 507

1. Familiarisation with the computer system – PCs – LAN Peripherals.


2. Fundamentals of operating system like DOS, WINDOWS etc.,(Use of files,
directories, internal commands, external commands,editors and compilers.
3. Familiarisation with packages like Wordstar, dbase, lotus, MS Office.
4. Familiarisation with data processing packages like FOXPRO etc,.
5. Familiarisation of application softwares – like Grapher, Surfur, Hardward Graphics
– 3.
6. Familiarisation of drawing Softwares – AUTOCAD, Auto Architect, 3D Studio.
7. Programming with C as per syllabus of computer programming.




1. Determination of specific gravity, water content and particle size distribution by
hydrometer method / pipette method.
2. Determination of field density of soil by sand replacement method and core cutter
3. Determination of Atterberg limits.
4. Proctor’s compaction tests (light and heavy).
5. Permeability tests for cohesive and cohesionless soil.
6. Direct shear test.
7. Triaxial shear test.
8. Unconfined Compression test.
9. Vane shear Test.
10. Consolidation test.
11. Study on Collection and Field Identification of Soil and Sampling Techniques.

semester 6

Module 1



Approximate methods of frame analysis: Frames under lateral loading-portal
method – cantilever method. Frames under vertical loading –substitute frame
method. Space frames – tension coefficients-tension coefficient method applied to
space frames

Module 2
Kani’s method-continuous beams & frames (with and without sway). Beams
curved in plan- analysis of cantilever beam curved in plan -analysis of curved
balcony beams- analysis of circular beams over simple supports.

Module 3
Elementary theory of elasticity: State of stress at a point- stress tensor-
equilibrium equations-stresses on arbitrary plane- transformation of stresses-
principal stresses-strain components – strain tensor- compatibility
equations-boundary condition equations- octahedral stresses.

Module 4
Two dimensional problems- plane stresses – plane strain – compatibility
equations in two dimensional cases- Airy’s stress functions- biharmonic
equations- equilibrium equations in polar coordinates – compatibility equation and
stress functions in polar coordinates- bending of cantilever loaded at ends.

Module 5
Plastic theory – ductility of steel- plastic bending of beams- evaluation of fully
plastic moment – plastic hinge – load factor – method of limit analysis- basic
theorems- collapse load for beams and portal frames.


1. Timoshenko S.P., Theory of Elasticity, McGraw Hill.
2. Sreenath, Advanced Mechanics of Solids
3. Sadhu Sindh, Strength of Materials, Khanna Publishers, 1988.
4. Seeli F.B.&Smith J.P., Advanced Mechanics of Materials, John Wiley & Sons,
5. Vazirani & Ratwani, Analysis of Structures, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi.
6. B.C. Punmia, Theory of Structures, Vol. II, Laxmi Publishers, New Delhi.
7. P.S.David, Analysis of continuous beams and rigid frames
8. Coats, Coutie, & Kong, Structural Analysis, ELBS & Nelson, 1980.
9. Kinney J.S., Indeterminate Structural Analysis, McGraw Hill, 1957.
10. Prakash Rao D.S., Structural Analysis, Universal Press Ltd, Hyderabad, 1997.



Module 1



Loading standards – I.S structural sections – I.S specifications – design of tension
members – riveted and welded connections – design of simple and compound
beams – laterally supported and unsupported.

Module 2
Compression members – design of columns – short and long columns – axial and
eccentric loading – built up columns-moment resisting connections – lacing and
battening – column base – slab base – gusseted base – grillage foundation.

Module 3
Water tanks – rectangular, circular and pressed steel tanks – connections – analysis
and design of supporting towers.

Module 4
Light gauge steel structures – introduction – type of sections – local buckling
-stiffened and multiple stiffened elements – beams with and with out lateral

Module 5
Chimneys- types – self supporting & guyed – stresses in chimneys – design of
chimney stack, breech opening, base plate, connections and foundations.


1. Relevant I.S Codes. (I.S 800, I .S 875, Steel Tables)
2. Ramamrutham S, Design of steel and timber structures, Dhanpat Rai & sons,
3. Ramchandra, Design of steel structures Vol. I & II, Standard book house, Delhi.
4. Gaylord & Gaylord, Design of steel structures, Tata McGraw-Hill.
5. Graham W. Owens& Peter .R. Knowles, Steel Designers Manual, Blackwell
scientific publications.
6. B.C.Punmia, Design of steel structures, Laxmi publications.



Module 1


Introduction: Comparison of highway and railway. Modern developments –
Surface elevated and tube railways.
Design of railway track: Component parts of a railway track – their requirements
and functions – Typical cross section – conning of wheels – wear and creep of rails
– rail fastenings – Train resistances and evaluation of loading capacity.
Geometric design of railway track: Horizontal curves, radius – super elevation –

cant deficiency – transition curves – gradients – different types – Compensation of
Module 2
Railway operation and control: Points and Crossings – Design features of a turn
out – Types of railway track – Functions – Details of station yards and marshalling
yards – Signaling and interlocking – Principles of track circuiting – Control of train
movements by absolute block system – automatic block system – centralised traffic
control systems.

Module 3
Tunnel Engineering: Tunnel sections – types, size and shapes – tun-
nel surveying – alignment, transfering centre, grade into tunnel – tunnel
driving procedure – tunnelling through soft soil (Fore Poling Method) and
tunneling through hardsoil (Cantilever Car Dump Method) Tunnel lining,
ventilation – lighting and drainage of tunnels.

Module 4
Harbour Engineering: Classification of harbours and the effect of tides,
winds and waves in the location and design of harbours; Break waters –
necessity and functions – different types – forces acting on break water –
design principles— construction of break waters – general study of pier
heads – quays, landing stages – wharves, jetties, transit sheds and
warehouses – channel demarcation – signal characteristics (Beacons, buoys,
channel lighting – light houses).

Module 5
Dock Engineering: Functions and types of docks, dry docks, floating docks, slip
ways, dock gates and caissons. Dredging – mechanical and hydraulic dredgers –
general study of bucket ladder – dredger, grab dredger and dipper dredgers.


1. S.C. Rangawala, Railway Engineering, Chartor Publishing House
2. Saxena, Arora., Railway Engineering, Dhanpat rai & Sons
3. Subhash C. Saxena, Railway Engineering, Dhanpat rai & Sons
4. R. Srinivasan, Harbour, Dock & Tunnel Engineering, Chartor Publishing House

5. S.P.Bindra, Acourse in docks and Harbour Engineering, Dhanpat rai & Sons



Module 1


Irrigation: Definition-necessity of irrigation – environmental effects of irrigation
– sources of water – planning concepts of irrigation schemes- irrigation systems-
lift and flow irrigation – modes of irrigation – layout of irrigation schemes –


historical development and irrigation in India through ages. Soil-water-plant
relation – classes and availability of soil water- water requirement for crop –
optimum moisture for crop growth – depth of water and frequency of irrigation –
crop seasons and important crops in India. Crop period and base period – duty,
delta and their relationship – factors affecting duty – commanded areas and
intensity of irrigation. Consumptive use of water – evapotranspiration –
determination of consumptive use – irrigation efficiencies.

Module 2
Basic concepts of hydrology: Hydrological cycle and its components – rainfall –
rain gauge- mean precipitation over a catchment area – run off – factors affecting
runoff – hydrograph – direct run off and base flow – unit hydrograph – S.
hydrograph – applications of unit hydrograph.
Estimation of runoff: Empirical formula, infiltration method, rational method –
flood estimation – flood frequency, unit hydrograph method and empirical

Module 3
Flow irrigation: canal system – classification of canals and their alignment –
requirements of a good distribution system-balancing depth – section of canal.
Design of canals in alluvial soils – silt theories – non silting and non scouring
velocity. Kennedy’s theory -Lacey’s theory – design of unlined canal using the two
theories in alluvial soils – bed load and suspended load – canal outlets –
requirements of good canal outlets – non modular – semi modular – modular

Module 4
Ground water: Definitions- porosity – specific yield – specific retention – storage
coefficient-coefficient of permeability and transmissibility. Ground water
velocity- Darcy’s equation – flow towards wells – Dupit’s theory of aquifers.
Wells-shallow wells – deep wells – yield of an open well – constant level pumping
test and recuperation test – tube wells – strainer, cavity and slotted tube wells-
factors governing the selection of site and type of tube wells. Springs, Infiltration
galleries and wells.

Module 5
Reservoir planning: Investigation – selection of site – storage zones in a reservoir
– mass inflow curve – demand curve – calculation of reservoir capacity and safe
yield from mass inflow curve – reservoir sedimentation – reservoir sediment
control – single purpose reservoirs – multi purpose reservoirs – useful life of a
reservoir. River training works: guide banks, groynes and marginal bunds – flood
control – causes – methods of flood control – principles of flood routing. Soil
conservation: water logging and its control – reclamation of salt affected land.


1. P.M.Modi, Irrigation-water recourses and water power, Standard book house,

2. S.K Garge, Irrigation and hydraulic structures, Khanna Publishers, Delhi
3. R.K.Linsley, M.A.Kholar&J.L.H.Paulhur, Hydrology for Engineers, Mc Grawhill
book co., New York.
4. Bharat Singer, Fundamentals of Irrigation Engineering.
5. V.B.Priyani, Irrigation and Waterpower Engg, Charota Book stall Anand.
6. Dr.B.C.Punmia&Dr.Pande.B.B.Lal, Irrigation & Water Power Engineering,
Laxmi Publications.


C 605

Module 1



Site investigation and Soil exploration: Objectives – planning – reconnaissance
methods of subsurface exploration-test pits, auger borings – rotary drilling – depth
and spacing of borings – bore log – soil profile – location of water table-sampling –
disturbed and undisturbed samples. Standard Penetration test – Static and dynamic
cone penetration test – field vane shear test – Geophysical methods.
Stress Distribution: Boussinesque’s and Westergaard’s equations for vertical
pressure due to point loads and u.d.l. – assumptions and limitations – pressure bulb
– Newmark charts and their use.

Module 2
Earth Pressure: General & local State of plastic equilibrium. Earth pressure at
rest – active and passive. Rankine’s and Coulomb’s theories of cohesionless and
cohesive soils – influence of surcharge and water table.
Rehban’s and Culman’s graphical methods: Sheeting and bracings in shallow
and deep excavations.
Sheet Piles: Common Types of Sheet Piles – Uses of Sheet pile walls

Module 3
Bearing capacity: Definitions – ultimate and allowable – plate load test – factors
affecting – Terzaghi’s and Skempton’s analysis – bearing capacity factors and charts
– effect of watertable – bearing capacity from building codes andSPT values –
Methods of improving bearing capacity – vibroflotation and sand drains.
Settlement analysis: Distribution of contact pressure estimation of immediate and
consolidation settlement – causes of settlement – permissible, total and differential
settlement – methods of reducing differential settlement.

Module 4
Foundation: General consideration – Functions of foundation – shallow and deep
foundation – different types of foundation -Selection of type of foundation-steps
Footings: Design of individual, continuous and combined footings – footings
subjected to eccentric loading – proportioning footings for equal settlement.

Module 5
Raft foundation: Bearing capacity equations – design procedure – floating
Pile foundation: Uses of piles – Classification of piles – Determination of load
carrying capacity of axially loaded single vertical pile (static & dynamic formulae)
pile load tests – negative skin friction – group action & pile spacings – settlement of
pile group.
Caissons: Open, box, and pneumatic caissons, construction details of well
foundation – problems of well sinking.



Structural design of foundations is not contemplated in this course.


1. Arora K. R, Soil Mechanics & Foundation Engineering, Standard Publishers ,
2. Joseph E.Bowles, Foundation Analysis and Design, McGraw Hills Publishing
3. Ninan P. Kurian, Modern Foundations, Tata McGraw Hills Publishing Company.
4. Peck, Hansen & Thornburn, Foundation Engineering.
5. W.C. Teng, Foundation Design.
6. Hans. F. Winterkorn & Hsai Yang Fang, Foundation Engineering Hand Book, Van
Nostrand Reinhold Company.



Module 1 & 2 (24 hrs.)


Purpose of estimates- different methods-Preparation of detailed estimates and
abstracts for RCC Single storey buildings – R C. Footings, Columns – T- Beams.
Preparation of bar bending schedule for R. C. works such as beams and slabs.

Module 3 (8 hrs.)
Preparation of specification for common materials of construction and its items of
works with reference to IS specifications. Cost of materials at source – different
types of conveyance and rates – head loads – preparation of conveyance statement –
cost of materials at site.

Module 4 (8 hours)
Analysis of rates for earth works, mortars, RCC Works, plastering, brick works,
stone works, laterite work, Pointing, form work, flooring – different types, wood
works – reinforcement works.

Module 5 (6 hours)
Valuation – explanation of terms – material value, rate, years purchase – freehold
and lease hold purchase – depreciation – methods of calculating depreciation –
straight line method – constant percentage method, sinking fund method – and
quantity survey method. Methods of valuation of land – comparative method –
abstractive method. Methods of valuation of property – rental method – direct
comparison with capital cost – valuation based on profit – valuation based on cost –
development method – depreciation method.


1. Schedule of rates, KPWD
2. PWD Data Book

3. Dutta, Estimating and costing,S Dutta & Company, Lucknow
4. Rangawala S.C., Estimating & costing, Charator Anand, Delhi
5. I.S: 1200- 1968 – Methods of measurements of building and civil engineering.




1. Tests on cement.
a) Standard consistency, initial and final setting time.
b) Compressive strength of mortar cubes.
c) Specific gravity.
d) Soundness.
e) Fineness.
2. Tests on fresh concrete.
a) Compaction factor test.
b) Slump test.
c) Vee-Bee test.
d) Flow table test.
e) Ball penetration test.
3. Tests on hardened concrete.
a) Compressive strength of concrete cubes.
b) Compressive strength of concrete cylinder.
c) Splitting tensile strength.
d) Modulus of elasticity.
e) Flexural strength.
4. Tests on RC beam
5. Tests on aggregates.
a) Aggregate crushing value for coarse aggregate.
b) Specific gravity of coarse and fine aggregate.
c) Bulking of fine aggregate.
d) Bulk density and percentage voids of coarse aggregate.
e) Grain size analysis of coarse and fine aggregate.
6. Tests on bricks.
a) Compressive strength. b) Water absorption. c) Efflorescence.
7. Tests on roofing tiles.
a) Transverse strength. b) Water absorption.
8. Tests on flooring tiles.
a) Transverse strength. b) Water absorption. c) Abration tests.
9. Compression tests on Laterite blocks
10. Study of
a) Strain measurements using electrical resistance- strain gauges.
b) Nondestructive test on concrete.
All tests should be done as per relevant BIS.


Module 1


History and overview of CAD- popular CAD packages – advantages of CAD over

manual drafting and design – hardware requirements – Configuration and
installation of the CAD package.
Module 2
Creation of 2D drawings: Menu structures- Menu bars, Screen menu, Pull down
menu and Toolbars. Setting up units, limits, snap, grid, ortho mode etc.
Controlling the drawing and drawing display – zoom, pan, regeneration, redraw.
Drawing aids and tools – Osnap settings, point filters, inquiry commands, concept
of UCS Modify tools – Erase, undo, redo, copy, move, rotate, offset, fillet,
chamfer, array, scale, extend, break, explode, stretch, properties. Creation of
blocks and symbols, using layers, color, linetype, ltscale etc. Dimensioning –
Styles – Dim variables, scaling, formatting, annotation, QDIM adding text to
drawing – multiline text, text styles, editing text. Working with multiple drawings,
printing and plotting.

Module 3
Creation of 3D drawings: Concept of 3D Drawings, working with views in 3D
using view point, Real-time 3D rotation, concept of UCS in 3D, multiple active
work planes. 3D modeling techniques- wire modeling, surface modeling, surface
revolution, tabsurf, rulesurf, edgesurf, and 3D face, region modeling, solid
modeling, fillets and chamfer, editing faces of 3D solid & shelling. Calculating
mass properties and interference Creating perspective and sectional perspective
views of 3D models. Shading and rendering – assigning material, landscapes,
mapping, lights and scenes etc.

Module 4
AutoLISP: Introduction of AutoLISP- Data types, signs and symbol conventions,
user defined functions, variables and functions. Writing your own commands.

Module 5
1. Planning and designing of residential buildings (2D only)
2. Planning and designing of public buildings (2D only)
3. Term project – To prepare sketch design for Client and submission drawings for
approval (Using National Building code provisions and Local Building rules)


1. Reference Manual of the package.
2. National building code of India.
3. Shah & Kale, Building Drawing, Tata McGraw Hill.
4. Balgopal T.S. Prabhu, Building Drawing and Detailing, SPADES, Calicut.
5. Sham Tickoo, Understanding AutoCAD 2002, Tata McGraw Hill.
6. Sham Tickoo, AutoCAD 2002 with Applications, Tata McGraw Hill.

semester 7

Module 1



Prestressed concrete: I. S. Specifications – general principles – methods and
systems of prestressing – losses of prestress – design of simply supported
rectangular beams.

Module 2
Retaining walls: Types-Earth pressure diagrams- modes of failure- design of
cantilever and counter fort retaining walls (“L” not included)

Module 3
Design of continuous beam: using coefficients given in IS: 456 – design of
circular beams -uniformly loaded and supported on symmetrically placed

Module 4
Domes: membrane stresses in spherical and conical domes –design of domes with
uniformly distributed and concentrated loads – openings – ring beams.

Module 5
Water tanks: Types – design of ground supported and overhead water
tanks-rectangular and circular with flat bottom-flexible and rigid joints – design of
staging- columns and bracings – IS code method.


1. Relevant IS codes.(I.S 456, I.S 875,SP 16)
2. Park R and Pauloy T, Reinforced concrete structures, John Wiely & sons Inc.
3. Purushothaman P, Reinforced concrete structural elements-Behaviour, Analysis
and Design, Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing company Ltd.
4. Unnikrishna Pillai .S & D.Menon, Reinforced concrete design, Tata Mc Graw Hill
Publishing Company Ltd.
5. Mallick S.K, Reinforced concrete, Oxford & IBH Publishing Company.
6. Varghese P.C, Limit state design of Reinforced concrete, Printice Hall of India Pvt
7. Ashok .K. Jain, Reinforced concrete- Limit state design, New Chand & Bose.
8. Krishna Raju, Prestressed Concrete, Oxford and I B H Publishing companyLtd.
9. Ramamruthum S., Design of Reinforced concrete structures, Dhanpat Rai
Publishing co.
10. Punmia B.C, Reinforced concrete structures Vol II, Lakshmi Publications



Module 1


Dams: definitions – classifications – factors governing the selection of the type of
dam and site of the dam- investigation for a dam site. Gravity dam: forces acting –
combination of forces for design – modes of failure and stability requirements –
elementary profile and practical profile – principal and shear stress – base width of
elementary profile by stress and stability criteria-stresses developed in the
elementary profile – low dam and high dam – methods-of design of gravity darn
(introduction only) – joints – keys water stops – opening and galleries and shaft –
foundation treatment – brief description on type of spill ways.

Module 2
Arch dams: types of arch dams – forces acting -design of arch dams on thin
cylinder theory – introduction of other methods of design – thick cylinder theory
– trial load analysis and elastic theory. Buttress dam – types – advantages and
disadvantages. Earthen dam – types of earth dams – design criteria – selection of a
dam – phreatic line – stability analysis – different dam sections to suit available
materials and foundation – rock fill dams materials of construction – impervious
membrane type and earth core type (brief description only)

Module 3
Diversion head works: function and component parts of diversion head works –
effect of construction of weir on the regime of river- causes of failure of weirs on
permeable foundation. Bligh’s creep theory and its limitations – Lane’s weighted
creep theory – Khosla’s theory and design of impermeable foundation – design of
vertical drop weir – silt control devices – silt excluder, silt ejector.

Module 4
Design and drawings emphasizing the hydraulic aspects of the following
structures: (1) Regulators-design of head regulator and cross regulator. (2) Canal
falls- trapezoidal notch fall- vertical drop fall sarda type and glacis fall. (3) Cross
drainage works –aqueduct and syphon aqueduct.

Module 5
Water power engineering: Classification of hydel plants- runoff river plants,
storage plants and pumped storage plants – low, medium and high head schemes –
investigation and planning – fore bay – intakes – surge tanks – penstocks –
powerhouse – selection of turbine-Scroll casing – draft tube – tailrace definition of
gross head – operating head – effective head – firm power –secondary power- load
factor, capacity factor and utilization factor.


1. P. M. Modi, Irrigation-water resourses and water power, Standard book house.
2. S. K.Garg, Irrigation and hydraulic structures, S. K.Garg, Khanna publishers
3. R. K. Linsley, M. A. Kholer, L. H. Paulhur, Hydrology for Engineerers, Tata

Mc Graw Hill
4. Bharat Singer, Fundamentals of Irrigation Engineering
5. V. B. Priyani, Irrigation and water power Engg. , Charotar Book stall.
6. B C Punmia, Pande B B Lal, Irrigation and water power engineering, Laxmi
7. R.S.Varshney, S.C.Guptha, R.L.Guptha, Theory and design of irrigation
8. Structures, Vol II, Nemchand &brothers, Roorkee.



Module 1


Classification, alignment and surveys -classification of highways – historical
development of road construction, typical cross section of roads in urban and rural
areas – definitions of various cross sectional elements – requirements and factors
controlling alignment of roads, engineering surveys for highway location.
Geometric design of highways: pavement surface characteristics, camber and
width requirements, sight distances – over taking zone requirements and related
problems. Design of horizontal alignment – speed – radius – super elevation – extra
widening – transition curves, methods of attainment of super elevation – related
problems.Design of vertical alignment – gradient and grade compensation – sight
distance requirements on summit and valley curves -simple problems on design of
vertical alignment.

Module 2
Traffic Engineering: traffic characteristics-various traffic studies and their
applications . Traffic control devices- Traffic signs, markings, traffic signals and
traffic islands. Types of road intersection – kerb parking – principles of highway
lighting – (Design of traffic signals not expected).

Module 3
Highway materials: Road aggregates – their desirable properties and tests.
Bituminous materials – properties and tests – sub grade soil – desirable properties.
Highway construction and maintenance: Bituminous surface dressing and
pavement construction – cement concrete construction and joints in concrete
pavements – types and causes of failures in flexible and rigid pavements, highway
Pavement design: Basic difference between flexible and rigid pavements -factors
affecting their design – designof flexible pavements-CBR, GI & IRC methods.

Module 4
Aircraft characteristics- regional planning, selection of site for airport – factors to
be considered. Imaginary surfaces – approach zone and turning zone, obstructions
and zoning laws. Runway orientation and layout of runways: use of wind rose
diagrams, basic runway length and corrections required. Methods of classification
of airports. Stopway, clearway and taxiway design requirements.


Module 5
Aprons: loading aprons – factors controlling size and number of gate positions –
aircraft parking systems – holding apron. Facilities required in the terminal
building – facilities for movement of baggage and passengers. Use of blast fences,
typical airport layout – airport markings – marking of runways, taxiways etc.
Airport lighting: lighting of runways approaches, taxiways and aprons. Air traffic
control -airways, navigational aids and landing aids.


1. S. K.Khanna, C. E. G. Justo, Highway engineering, Nem Chand Publications.
2. L .R. Khadiyali, Traffic Engineering and Transport Planning, Khanna Publishers.
3. S.K. Khanna, M. G. Arora, S.S. Jain, Airport Planning & Design, Nem Chand
4. S. C. Rangwala, Airport Engg., Charotar Publishing Co.
5. Horenjeft, Robert & Francise Mc Keivy, Planning and design of airports,
Mc Graw Hill
6. G V Rao, Principles of transportation and High way Engineering, Tata Mc Graw
Hill, New Delhi.
7. Robert. G. Hennes, Martin Ekse, Fundamentals of Transportation engineering,
Tata Mc Graw Hill.
8. Theodore M Matson, Wilbur.S.Smith, Frederick.W.Hurd, Traffic Engineering, Mc
Graw Hill.



Module 1
Principles of architectural Design:


Definition of architecture: factors influencing architectural development-
characteristic features of a style-historical examples. Creative principles:
function/strength, aesthetics – deciding the space and form – detailed analysis of
factors influencing the space – activity space, circulation space and tolerance space
– Factors influencing form- form perception – form expressive of function-form
related with material and Structural system. Design principles – elements of
composition – point, line, plane, texture, colour etc. – mass and scale, proportion,
rhythm, balance and unity – iconic, canonic and analogic design -consideration of
comfort factors such as acoustics, lighting, ventilation and thermal aspects.

Module 2
Functional planning of buildings: Occupancy classification of buildings’-general
requirements of site and building – building codes and rules – licencing of building
works. Functional planning of building such as residential, institutional, public,
commercial, industrial buildings – the process of identifying activity areas and
linkages – drawing built diagrams – checking for circulation, ventilation, structural
requirements and other constraints preparing sketch plan and working drawings –

site plans.
Kerala Municipal acts – planning regulations of corporations and developmental
authorities – Kerala building bye laws.

Module 3
Building services: Vertical Transportation: stairs – layout and details of different
types of timber – masonry, steel and concrete stairs – pre-cast concrete stairs,
elevators – types – traction, hydraulic operation – passenger, service goods
elevators – design considerations of passenger elevators – handling capacity –
arrangement of lifts – positioning, escalators, features- operation arrangement –
ramps. Ventilation and air conditioning – ventilation requirements -natural and
mechanical ventilation – air movement – cross ventilation – effect of orientation –
radiation – evaporation, calculation of air conditioning load – summer and winter
air conditioning. Plumbing services: typical details of water supply and sewage
disposal arrangements for residence, hospitals and hostel buildings – standard

Module 4
Town planning theory: Evolution of towns: problems of urban growth – beginning
of planning acts – ideal town – garden city movement – concept of new towns and
conservative theory – comprehensive planning of towns- Survey and analysis of
town: fare maps – land use classification – transportation network – housing
demographic arid social surveys – economic studies – environmental aspects.
Theories of land use planning, transportation planning and housing development.
Urban area lineation: urban influence zone – urban region concept of regional

Module 5
Planning Process: Concept of master plan: structural plan, detailed town planning
scheme and act.
Estimating future needs: planning standards for different land use allocation for
commerce, industries, public amenities, open areas etc. planning standard for
density distributions-density zone, planning standards for traffic networks –
standards of roads and paths – provision for urban growth-growth models. Plan
implementation: town planning legislation and municipal acts – planning control
development schemes – urban financing – land aquisitions – slum clearance
schemes – pollution control aspects.


1. Banister Fletcher, History of World Architecture, Taraporevalas.
2. Broadbent, Theory of Architecture Design, John Wiley Sons
3. Gallien, Urban Pattern, D.Van Nostrand CD. Inc.
4. Nelson P. Low’s, Planning to Modern City
5. Rangwala, Town Planning, Charotar Publishing House.
6. S.C Agarwala, Architecture and Town Planning, Dhanpatrai &sons.



Module 1



Scope of Environmental Engg. population trends resource use – effect on the
balance of ecosystem and natural resources. Water supply Engineering: Rural and
Urban water supply systems – water requirements – consumption for various
purposes, percapita demand, factors affecting percapita demand, variations in the
rate of consumption, fire demand, design period, forecasting population. Quality
of water: impurities in water and their importance – water borne diseases –
sampling of water for tests – analysis of water – physical, chemical and
bacteriological tests – MPN total coliforms, fecal coliforms by A-1 medium. WHO
and Indian standards for drinking water.

Module 2
Collection of water: intakes – location, types, principles of design and
construction. Transmission of water: free flow and pressure conduits – pipe
materials – hydraulics-of flow – design of pipes – Indian standards for pipes.
Pumps: Classification – rotary, reciprocating, centrifugal pumps, hand pumps
submersible pumps – selection of pumps – location of pumping stations.
Distribution of water: pumping system, gravity system, pumping and storage
system distribution reservoirs -storage capacity of balancing reservoir, pipe grids,
methods of analysis of network. Appurtenances in the distribution system –
meters, valves, fire hydrants etc. pipe laying, testing & disinfections of mains.
Detection and prevention of leaks in distribution system-cleaning and
maintenance of distribution system, pipe corrosion and its control.
Water supply of buildings: house connections – overhead tanks.

Module 3
Introduction: Sanitation, sewage, sewer, and sewerage systems, sewage treatment
and disposal. Sanitary Plumbing – Sanitary Fixtures, traps, soil pipe, anti-
siphonage pipes, systems of plumbing. House drainage: Principles-inspection
chamber, ventilation, testing of drain, connection of house drain to street sewer.
Sewerage systems – separate, combined and partially combined systems, situation
for adoption, collection pattern.
Quantity of sewage: sanitary sewage – sources, factors affecting. Fluctuations in
sewage flow, peak factor.
Characteristics of sewage: physical, chemical and biological characteristics and
analysis, sampling, population equivalent relative stability-cycles of decay.
Storm sewage: Factors affecting, intensity of rainfall, rational and empirical
formula, time of concentration, intensity – duration curve and formula.
Design of sewers: Flow formula, minimum and maximum velocity of flow, effect
of variation of discharge on velocity, use of partial flow diagrams, design of
circular sewers, longitudinal and cross section of sewer lines.

Module 4
Construction of sewers: Materials of sewers, crown corrosion, sewer joints,


planning, preparation of layout and construction of sewers and testing of sewers,
cleaning and maintenance, ventilation of sewers. Sewer appurtenances: inlets,
catch basins, clean outs, manholes, drop manholes, lamp holes/flushing tanks,
grease and oil traps, inverted siphons, storm regulators. Sewage pumping:
pumping stations – types of pumps – capacity of pumps – design of pumps.
Natural methods of wastewater disposal: land disposal -. Sewage farming –
disposal by dilution – self purification of streams – oxygen sag curve – dilution into
sea, comparison of disposal methods.

Module 5
Air pollution: Types of pollutants, sources, health effects, Monitoring.
Noise pollution: Sources, effects. Solid waste management: Type and source of
solid waste, characteristics, collection, transportation and processing-
Disposal-composting, sanitary land fill, incineration


1. Peavy, Rowe, Tchobanoglous, Environmental Engineering, Mc Graw Hill
International Editions.

2. M.N. Rao & H.V.N. Rao, Air Pollution, Tata Mc Graw Hill Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

3. S. K. Garg, Environmental Engineering Vol. l & ll, Khanna Publishers, New
4. B.C. Punmia, Water supply Engineering, Arihant Publications, Jodpur.

5. B.C. Punmia, Waste water Engineering, Arihant Publications, Jodpur.



Module1: Classical optimization techniques


Single variable optimization – Multivariable optimization with no constraints –
Hessian matrix – Multivariable saddle point – Optimization with equality
constraints – Lagrange multiplier method – Multivariable optimization with
inequality constraints – Kuhn-Tucker conditions.

Module 2: One-dimensional unconstrained minimization
Elimination methods – unrestricted search method – Fibonacci method –
Interpolation methods – Quadratic interpolation and cubic interpolation methods.

Module 3: Unconstrained minimization
Gradient of a function – Steepest descent method – Newton’s method – Powells
method – Hooke and Jeeve’s method.

Module 4: Integer – Linear programming problem
Gomory’s cutting plane method – Gomory’s method for all integer programming
problems, mixed integer programming problems.

Module 5: Network Techniques
Shortest path model – Dijkstra`s Algorithm – Floyd`s Algorithm – minimum
spanning tree problem – PRIM algorithm – Maximal Flow Problem algorithm.

1. S.S. Rao, Optimization theory and application, New Age International P. Ltd.
2. A.D. Belegundu, T.R. Chandrupatla, Optimization Concepts and applications in
Engineering, Pearson Education Asia.
3. F. S. Budnick, D. McLeavey, R. Mojena, Richard D, Principles of Operations
Research for Management, Irwin, INC.
4. H. A. Taha, Operation Research an introduction, Eastern Economy Edition.
5. R. Panneerselvam, Operations Research, PHI.


Module 1


Plates- Introduction- classification of plates- thin plates and thick plates – small
deflection theory and large deflection theory – basic concepts of two imensional
theory of elasticity – fourth order differential equation for generalized bending
problems (derivation in next module)

Module 2
Pure bending of plates – slope and curvature of slightly bent plates – relation
between bending moment and curvature in pure bending – stresses – variation–
plates subjected to lateral loadings -small deflection theory of thin plates – Love-
Kirchhoff’s theory – assumptions– derivation of fourth order differential

Module 3
Solution techniques for fourth order differential equation – boundary conditions –
simply supported, built- in and free edge – Navier’s solution for simply supported
rectangular plates – uniformly distributed and concentrated load.

Module 4
Strain energy – pure bending of plate – bending of plates by lateral loads –
Mindlin’s theory – assumptions – equilibrium equations – stress variations –
comparative study with Love- Kirchhoff’s equations.

Module 5
Circular plates – polar coordinates – differential equation of symmetrical bending
of laterally loaded circular plates- uniformly loaded circular plates – circular
plates loaded at the centre



1. Lloyd Hamilton Donnell, Beams, plates and shells, Mc Graw Hill, NewYork.
2. Timoshenko, W Krieger, Theory of plates and shells, Mc Graw Hill.
3. Owen F Hughes, Ship structural design, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1983.
4. William Muckle, Strength of ship structures, Edqward Arnold Ltd, London, 1967.



Module 1


Introduction: Basic concept of prestressing – Advantages of prestressed concrete
over reinforced concrete – materials for prestressed concrete and their
characteristics. Uniform prestress distribution in prestressed concrete –
nonuniform prestress distribution – moments of resistance.

Module 2
Systems and methods of prestressing- pre-tensioning systems – post tensioning
systems – Thermo elastic prestressing – chemical prestressing.Behavior of
prestressed concrete beams in flexure : load – deflection curves for prestressed
concrete beams – Interpreting bending tests – Microcracks and visible cracks –

Module 3
Losses in prestress: purpose of assessing losses – counteracting elastic loss-loss of
prestress in case of nonuniform prestress – creep, shrinkage, relaxation and
achorage losses – friction loss in prestress -graphical solution of friction losses –
overcoming friction losses.

Module 4
Elastic design of sections for flexure: design of a simply supported beam with
symmetrical sections of post tensioned and pretensioned type- tension members.

Module 5
Bearing and anchorage zone- statically indeterminate structure-continuous beams-
primary moment –secondary moment- resultant moment – Concordant cable
profile-Gyons theorem.


1. N. Krishna Raju, Prestressed Concrete, Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd,
New Dehi.
2. S K Mallick, A P Gupta, Prestressed concrete, Oxford and IBI Series.
3. R. H. Evans, Bennet E W, Prestressed concrete theory and design, Chapman and
Hall, London.

4. T. Y. Lin, Design of Prestressed Concrete Structures, Asia Publishing House.


Module 1


Necessity of soil improvement-selection of improvement method- mechanical






osmosis-pre-loading- sand


methods of

installation-vibro-flotation-stone columns.

Module 2
Chemical stabilization- cement stabilization- factors affecting soil cement
mixing-admixtures- lime stabilization-effect of lime on soil
properties-construction of lime stabilized bases-bituminous stabilization- thermal
stabilization- electrical stabilization.

Module 3
Introduction to grouts and grouting- basic functions – groutability ratio
–classification of grouts-properties of grouts- fluidity, bleeding potential, rigidity
and thixotropy, strength and permeance- grouting applications-seepage control in
soil under dams and for cut off walls- seepage control in rock under
dams-stabilization grouting for under pinning.

Module 4
Earth Reinforcement- mechanism and concept- stress strain relationship of
reinforced soil-design theories and stability analysis of retaining wall-tie back
analysis-coherent gravity analysis- application areas of earth reinforcement

Module 5
Geotextiles: Soil reinforcement with geotextiles- classification- concepts-
geotextiles as separators, filters, and drainage media-damage and durability of


1. M.J.Tholinson – Foundation design and construction Robert M.Koerner –
Construction and Geotechnical methods in Foundation Engineering
2. C.J.F.P.Jones – Earth Reinforcement and Soil structures
3. R.A.Jewell – Soil Reinforcement with Geotextiles
4. Donald P.Coduto – Geotechnical Engineering, Principles and Practices Prentice
Hall India



Module 1


Concrete materials: cement manufacture – chemical composition hydration – types
of cement- tests for cement – setting and hardening – Aggregates – Classification –

requirements – size – shape – texture – Tests for aggregates – Alkali aggregate
reaction – grading of aggregate – sieve analysis – Flakiness index – Elongation
Index Impact value-abrasion value -Water – general requirements – quality of

Module 2
Fresh Concrete: Workability – factors affecting – measurement of workability –
different tests for workability – segregation – bleeding – process of manufacture of
concrete – Batching – mixing – transportation – compaction – curing of concrete –
curing methods – admixtures in concrete – air entraining agents – Accelerators –
Retarders -workability agents – Damp proofing agents – Miscellaneous admixtures
– quality control.

Module 3
Elastic properties of Concrete – factors affecting modulus of elasticity – Strength of
concrete: w/c ratio – gel/space ratio – Gain of strength with age. – accelerated
curing tests – maturity concept of concrete – effect of maximum size of aggregate
on strength – relation between compressive and tensile strength – revibration – high
speed slurry mixing – creep – shrinkage – factors affecting.

Module 4
Durability of concrete: – sulphate attack – methods of controlling sulphate attack.
Durability of concrete in sea water – action of organic acids, mineral oils, sugar
etc. on hard concrete – thermal properties of concrete – Fire resistance cracks in
concrete–Remedies, Testing of Hardened concrete, flexural strength – comparison
of cuube test and cylinder test – Indirect tension test methods -concrete mix design
– IS methods – ACI methods – mean strength – characteristic compressive strength
– Non distructive testing of concrete.

Module 5
Special aggregates: light weight – artificial – natural – special concrete – no – fine
concrete- high density concrete – Sulphur infilterated concrete – fibre reinforced
concrete – polymer concrete polymer impregnated concrete – polymer cement
concrete – properties of polymer concrete – special concreting methods – cold
Weather concreting, hot weather concreting – Ferrocement.


1. Krishna Raju N, Concrete Technology
2. A.M. Neville, Properties of concrete
3. M.S. Shetty, Concrete Technology





Module 1
Traffic management – scope of traffic management measures – restrictions to
turning movements – one way streets – tidal flow operation – regulation of traffic –
Need and scope of traffic regulations- Motor Vechicle Act – Speed limit at
different locations- regualtion of the vechicle – regulations concerning the driver
rules of the road enforcement.

Module 2
Highway capacity: Its importance in transportation studies – basic, possible and
practical capacity – determination of theoretical maximum capacity -passenger car
units – level of service – concept in HC manual – factors affecting level of service.

Module 3
Design of Intersection: Design of at grade & grade seperated intersection – rotary
intersection – capacity of rotary intersection – traffic signals – design of fixed
timesignal – pretimed signalised intersection – performance – Websters approach
for the design.

Module 4
Traffic Safety: causes of road accidents – collection of accident data – influence
of road, the vehicle .the driver, the weather and other factors on road accident –
preventive measures.

Module 5
Traffic Flow: theory of traffic flow – scope – definition and basic diagrams of
traffic flow- basic concepts of light hill – Whitham’s theory – Car ‘following theory
and queuing


1. Khadiyali L.R. Traffic Engineering and Transport planning, Khanna Tech
2. Khanna O.P and Jesto C.G; Highway Engineering, Nem Chand Publishers
3. Martin, Whol, Traffic system Analysis for Engineers
4. Donald Drew, Traffic Flow Theory



Module 1










functions-advantages of OPP over procedure oriented programming-object
oriented languages. Introduction to C++ – C++ character set – C++ tokens-data
types constants and variables – declaration of variables – operators, expression,
and statements-type compatibility – type casting- l/O operators <>)

cascading of 1/0 operators.

Module 2
Control flow and iterative statements standard input-output streams arrays: one
dimension array-multidimensional array- array Initialization. Structures:
definition-referencing structure elements. Function prototypes-argument data
types-returning values and their types – scope – rules of functions and variables –
built – in functions.

Module 3
Classes and Objects: Class declaration – data member functions private and public
members class function definition member function definition – private and public
member functions methods – creating objects – accessing class data
members-accessing member functions – constructors and destructors –
declaration, definition and use.

Module 4
Advanced features: Dynamic memory allocation-pointers –new and delete
operators-pointer variables- pointers to objects-accessing member
functions-classes with pointers to objects- accessing member functions – classes

with pointers-copy constructor-static members-friend


functions-operator overloading File handling in C++: File pointers F-stream
classes open (), close () read (), write () functions-detecting end of file.

Module 5
Polymorphism and Inheritance: Function overloading-base class derived
class-class conversion-visibility modes-private, public and protected
members-single inheritance -privately derived and publicly derived – making
protected member inheritable – access control-virtual functions-dynamic binding-
abstract classes-concept of multiple inheritance.


1. Stanely, Lipman, C++ primer
2. Balaguruswammy, Object Oriented Programming with C++, Tata Mc Graw Hill
3. Robert Lafore, Turbo C++
4. Gordenkeith, Data Abstraction and OOP in C++
5. Strostraup, C++ Programming Language
6. David Parsons, Object Oriented Programming with C++, B P B Publications
7. Y.Kanetkar, Let Us C++, BPB Publications.



Module 1


Parameters of open channel flow – uniform and non uniform flow normal depth –
conveyance – friction formula – specific energy – specific force – diagram – critical

depth – application to problems. Critical flow computation – section factor –
hydraulic exponent for critical flow computation and its use for trapezoidal

Module 2
Hydraulic jump – sequent depths – dimensionless equation of the jump – loss of head –
the jump at the feet of a spillway – criteria for the formation of a jump – use of
jump as an energy disspiator. Control of jump by sills – stilling basins.

Module 3
Non-uniform flow – friction slope – differential equation of non-uniform flow – the 12
type of surface profiles – the point of control – computation by Bresse’s method
and the simplified step method.

Module 4
Water waves – classification into periodic progressive, periodic oscillatory,
oscillatory and stationary waves – ocean waves – wave period – wave length and
celerity. General expression for the celerity of deep Water – gravity wave and
shallow water gravity wave – determination of the wave length and celerity for any
water depth given the deep water wave amount as wave energy (no proof). Wave
deformation – transformation of waves on a slope (description only) reflection of
waves at a vertical sea wall. Clapotis – wave refraction – breaking of waves
(description only).

Module 5
Wind generated waves – wave forecasting – significant wave height – breakwaters –
different types. Coastal erosion with special reference to the Kerala Coast – shore
protection measures – sea walls – tetrapods. groynes and’beach nourishment.


1. 1.S.M.Woodword, C.J.Posey, Hydraulic of Steady Flow in Open Channels
2. F. N. Henderson, Open Channel Flow
3. A. I. Ippen, Estuary and Coast line Hydrodynamics
4. K. E. R. I. Peechi, Coastal Engineering Publications
5. V. T. Chow, Open Channel hydraulics, Mc Graw Hill
6. Robert .M. Sorensen, Basic coastal engineering, John Willy & Sons


C 706-9

Module 1


Introduction – Significance of air pollution studies, factors that contribute to air
pollution – possibilities to air pollution abatemant – air pollution legislation –
Techno – administrative aspects of air pollution – Emission and noise standards of
Kerala State Pollution Control board.

Module 2

Gaseous pollutants-source, chemistry, adverse effects on plants, animals and human
beings, properties – tolerance levels – carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, aldehydes,
hydrocarbons – compounds of sulphur, compounds of Nitrogen, Oxidants,
Hydrogen fluoride – Control of gaseous pollutants – Automobile pollution control.

Module 3
Particulates in the air – source, nature and adverse effects – control of particulates –
settling, filtration, collection in fluids, electrostatic precipitation, conversion to
harmless and useful products. Meteorology related to atmosphere – pressure,
temperature, lapse rates – humidity – condensation – wind direction and velocity.
Effects of meteorological parameters on transport and diffussion. Atmospheric

Module 4
Optics of the atmosphere – Effects of air pollutants on atmospheric visibility –
methods of measurement of visibility – Introduction to noise pollution.
Photochemical reactions of the atmosphere.

Module 5
Purpose and principles of measurement of (1) High volume sampler (2) Exhaust gas
analyser (petrol and diesel) (3) Stack sampler (4) Sound level meter – industrial
hygiene and in plant safety to workers.


1. Henry C Perkins, Air pollution, Mc Graw Hill Pvt Ltd, NewDelhi.
2. Arthur C Stern, Air pollution, Vol I, II, III, IV, V, Academic Press, NewYork.
3. Noel De Nevers, Air pollution control Engineering, Mc Graw Hill International
Edition, Mc Graw Hill Inc, New Delhi.
4. M. N. Rao, H V N Rao, Air pollution, Tata Mc Graw Hill Pvt Ltd, NewDelhi.



Module 1


Principles and concepts: Introduction and definition of remote sensing
terminology- principles and methods of remote sensing- electro-magnetic
radiation and spectrum- radiation sources-interference- atmospheric effects on
remote sensing- atmospheric window –energy interaction with surface features-
different types of platforms- sensors and their characteristics-orbital parameters of
a satellite- multi concepts in remote sensing.

Module 2
Aerial photogrammetry: Definition- types of photographs- geometry of
photographs – parallax – pair of photographs- height determination- flight
planning stereoscopy.

Module 3
Interpretation of images: Aerial photo interpretation – basic elements-
techniques of photo interpretation- application of aerial photo interpretation-
photographs versus maps- interpretation of satellite images- ground truth
collection and interpretation and verification- advantages of multi date and multi
band images.

Module 4
Imagery: Landsat imagery- thermal infrared imagery- Radar imagery- digital
image processing- comparison with image types- applications of satellite imagery-
merits- limitations-comparison with aerial photographs.

Module 5
Applications: Applications in water resources management- land use mapping
and monitoring- soil sciences- geology- agriculture- forestry – oceanography.


1. Thomas M. Lillesand & Raiph W. Kiefer, “Remote sensing and image
interpretation”, John Wiley Sons.
2. Floyd F. Sabins, “Remote sensing principles and interpretation”, Freeman and
3. Campbell J. B, “Introduction to remote sensing”, The Guilford press, London.
4. Curran P.J., “Principles of remote sensing”, Longman, London.
5. Engmen E.T and Gurnay R. J.,”Remote sensing in hydrology”, Chapman and
6. Wolf P.R., “Elements of photogrammetry”, McGraw Hills.




1.Califormia bearing ratio method.
2. Softeningpoint of Bitumen
3. Ductility test on Bitumen
4. Specific gravity of Bitumen
5. Flash and fire point test
6. Stripping value test
7. Viscosity using Viscometer
8. Aggregate crushing value test
9. Impact value test
10. Specific gravity test
11. Shape tests – Flakiness index and elongation index
12. Los angles abrasion test


13. Bulk density, specific gravity, void ratio and porosity of coarse aggregate,
water absorbtion.
14. Marshell stability value
15. Determination of bitumen content by bitumen extractor.



Module I and II
Overview and the Environment of STAAD-III Package.


Type of structure, Unit systems, structure geometry and Co-ordinate
systems, global co- ordinate system, Local co-ordinate systems
STAAD III Commands- Using Edit Input-Command Formats-Text Input.
STAAD PRE- Graphical Input Generation-“Concurrent” Verifications-
Library- Geometry Generation – Dimensioning.
STAAD POST – Graphical Post Processing – Animation – Icons –
Isometric View – Zooming-Results of Analysis & Design – Query
LOAD – Member Load, Element Load, Joint Load, Floor Load, Self
weight Command, Load case no, Load Combination .Load Generation for
Wind Load, Seismic Load and Moving Load
DESIGN for Concrete and Steel Structures using IS: 456 and IS 800


STAAD INTDES – Interactive Design Series for slabs, retaining walls and

The student has to practice the above topics by working out problems in

1. Analysis and design of steel trusses, Steel and RCC framed structures.
2. Analysis and design of multi-storied framed structures.
3. Analysis and design of RCC and steel water tanks.

Module III & IV
Project management using CPM/PERT Software
(Microsoft Project /PRIMAVERA software)

1. Practice on the GUI of the software and Input of Date
2. Practice on Creating Bar Charts/Ghant charts
3. Practice on creating CPM/PERT charts and finding out critical path.
4. Practice on resource allocation and leveling of resources.
5. Practice on Project Monitoring (Cost &Time)
6. Plotting and printing of various charts and project

The student has to practice the above topics by doing Project Management for
Turn key projects related to Civil Engineering applications.


1. STAAD III Reference Manual
2. MS Project/PRIMAVERA Reference Manual

semester 8

Module 1



Road bridges: I. R. C. Specifications – slab bridges -T-Beam bridges – box culvert
– bearings.

Module 2
Shell structures: General principles for membrane theory for symmetrical
uniformly distributed load – design of a simply supported single barrel cylindrical
shell for membrane stresses – beam method. Folded plates: general principles –
structural behaviour of plates (design not required)

Module 3
Industrial buildings: roof loads – analysis and design of trusses – design of purlins
– design of bracing – supporting system.

Module 4
Design of plate girders and gantry girders – riveted and welded compound

Module 5
Steel bridges: – I. S. Specifications – design of highway and railway bridges of
plate girder type.


1. I. R. C. Bridge code, Indian Railway Bridge code, I. S. 456, I. S
2. Victor J.D., Design of Concrete Bridges, Oxford& I B H Publishing Company,
New Delhi.
3. Krishna Raju, Advanced Design of Concrete Structures, Oxford& I B H
Publishing Company, New Delhi.
4. Ramchandra, Design of Steel Structures. Vol II, Standard Book House, Delhi.
5. Ramaswamy G.S., Design and Construction of Concrete Shell Roofs, Mc Graw



Module 1


Introduction to FEM-Historical development-Idealization of actual
structures-Mathematical model-General procedure of FEA-Displacement
approach. Solution techniques- Gauss Elimination – Frontal solver (concepts only)

Module 2
Finite element analysis- -Energy principles- Principle of Stationary Potential
Energy- Complementary Energy – Variational approach -Stable- Unstable- Neutral

equilibrium-Virtual work- Principle of virtual forces – Principle of virtual
Module 3
Shape functions-Lagrangian and Hermition Interpolation – Polynomials – General
coordinates-Area coordinates-Compatibility –C0 and C1 elements-convergence
criteria- conforming & nonconforming elements – Patch test

Module 4
Stiffness matrix-Bar element-Beam element-Triangular elements – Constant Strain
Triangle-Linear Strain Triangle- Isoparametric elements-Numerical Integration –
Gauss Quadrature.

Module 5
General plate bending elements- Plate bending theory – Kirchhoff’s theory –
Mindlin’s theory – Introduction to locking problems- preventive measures –
reduced integration – selective integration. Axysymmetric elements- Introduction
to shell elements


1. O C Zienkiewicz,.Finite Element Method, fourth Edition,McGraw Hill,
2. R.D.Cook, Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis, John Wiley
3. Stephen P.Timoshenko& Krieger, S.W., Theory of Plates and Shells, McGraw
4. C.S.Krishnamoorthy, Finite Element Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill .New Delhi,
5. S.Rajasekharan, Finite Element Analysis, Wheeler Publishing Co., &Sons.1993.
6. T.Kant, Finite Element Methods in Computational Mechanics, Pergamons Press.
7. K.J.Bathe, Finite Element Procedures in Engineering Analysis, Prentice Hall,
8. Mukhopadhyay M., Matrix Finite Element Computer and Structural Analysis,
Oxford &IBH, 1984.
9. Irving H.Shames, Energy &Finite Element Methods in Structural Mechanics.
10. Desai C.S.&Abel J.F., Introduction to Finite Element Methods, East West Press.



Module 1


Concrete Mix Design: General concepts. BIS method of mix design, American
standards of mix design, IS-method of mix design, Durability concepts in mix
design – Requirements and tests of materials required for mix design.-Fibre
reinforced concrete- High performance concrete.
Form work. General arrangements – general requirements – common faults –
materials for form work – form work arrangements – form work design – loads on
forms – design procedure – form work vibration for compaction of concrete –
stripping time and shoring.

Module 2
Prefabricated construction: Advantages, foundation units, wall panels, frames
for opening, walls–units for roofs and floors – low cost roof systems. Hollow
concrete blocks, Ferro cement – use and application – modular co-ordination –
method of production – flow line method – station method – manufacturing
process for structural units.
Codification and Standerdisation- Value analysis: Various methods and

Module 3
Construction company organization: Different types of organizational set up –
construction team – objectives of civil engineering management – duties and
responsibilities of a civil engineer – functions of construction management.
Technical planning.
Site organization: Organization of labour, resources, materials, method of
execution of the project – inspection and quality control- safety in construction.

Module 4
Materials Management: Functions of materials management – inventory control
Construction contracts: Item rate contract – Lump-sum contract –Labour
contract – Negotiated contract – Global contract – Percentage contract – Cost plus
percentage contract- Cost plus fixed fee contract- Cost plus fluctuating fee
contract – Target contract – All in contract.

Module 5
Claims manual for a construction organization: Law of contract – Extra work
and deviation order – claims – owner’s claim – sub contractor’s claim – disputes
and arbitration – consequences of mistake in contracts – terms and conditions of
contract – contract documents – earnest money – security deposit – warranty
period – contract signed under coercion – contract signed by minors, insane or
drunken persons – authority to agree and find, validity of an oral agreement –
conditions and warranties – express terms and implied terms – voidable contracts
and their performance – illegal and voidable contracts – liability for tort in
contract- litigation – breach of contract and remedies – discharge of contract –
equity, privity of contract – transfer of contractual rights and obligations.


1. M .S Shetty, concrete technology, S. Chand & Co.
2. S. P Arora, Building constructions, Dhanpat Rai & sons, New Delhi.
3. B. L Gupta, Amit Gupta, Construction Management and accounts, standard
publishers and Distributions.
4. Construction Management and accounts – V .N Vazirani.
5. National Building code of India – Indian standards.
6. Construction Engineering & Management, S. Seetharaman, Umesh


7. Publications, Delhi.



Module 1


Introduction: Storage of water – effect of storage on quality of water, general
layout of treatment plant – surface water and ground water. Aeration, purpose of
aeration. Sedimentation – plain sedimentation, theory of sedimentation, continuous
flow sedimentation tanks. Chemically aided sedimentation – necessity, theory of
coagulation and flocculation – generally used coagulants, dosage, feeding, mixing
devices, clariflocculators, design of flash mixers clarifiers and clarifloculators.

Module 2
Filtration – Theory of filtration, filter media – sand for filtration. Classification of
filters – design, construction, control, operation and maintenance of rapid sand
filters and slow sand filters. pressure filters, dual media & multimedia
filters.Disinfection: requirements of a good disinfectant, chlorination – action,
application, and dosage chlorine demand, pre chlorination, post chlorination,
double chlorination, super chlorination, breakpoint chlorination, chloramination.
Other disinfectants. Miscellaneous treatment methods: color, odour and taste
removal, iron and manganese removal, deflouridation, removal of hardness,

Module 3
Introduction: Objectives of waste water treatment – Effluent standards, KSPCB
Standards, BIS Standards. Layout of conventional treatment plant – preliminary,
primary, secondary and tertiary treatments in general. Preliminary process: screens
– types of screens, design, disposal of’ screenings; comminutors, grit chamber –
function, design, construction and operation, disposal of grit , detritus tank,
skimming tank -function, design and operation, disposal of skimmings
Sedimentation: Theory of sewage sedimentation – design, construction and
operation, rectangular and circular tanks, disposal of sludge.

Module 4
Biological process: principle and theory of biological treatment. Sewage filtration:
Trickling filters – design, construction and operation. Activated sludge process:
Design, construction and operation of conventional and extended aeration,
aeration methods. Miscellaneous methods- Stabilization ponds, Oxidation ditch,
Aerated lagoons, rotating biological contactors; disinfection of sewage effluents.

Module 5
Sludge treatment and disposal: quantity of sludge, characteristics of sludge, sludge
thickening, digestion, conditioning and disposal, design of sludge digesters only.
Septic Tanks: Design (as per Ministry of urban development) construction,
disposal of effluents, cleaning of tanks, Imhoff tanks.
Sewage treatment by high rate anaerobic methods: Anaerobic digestion, suspended
growth, contact process, UASB, attached growth, filters, expanded bed – only
basics (Ref. Wastewater Engineering by Metcalf and Eddy – 3rd Edn.)



1. Peavy, Rowe, Tchobanoglous, Environmental Engineering, Mc Graw Hill
International Editions.
2. S. K. Garg, Environmental Engineering Vol. l & ll, Khanna Publishers, New
3. B.C. Punmia, Water supply Engineering, Arihant Publications, Jodpur.
4. B.C. Punmia, Waste water Engineering, Arihant Publications, Jodpur.
5. Metcalf & Eddy, Waste water Engg. 3rd Edn., Mc Graw Hill International
6. Mark J Hammer, Water and waste water technology, John Wiley and sons, Inc.


CMELRT 805-1

Module 1 Green’s Function


Heavisides, unit step function – Derivative of unit step function – Dirac delta
function – properties of delta function – Derivatives of delta function – testing
functions – symbolic function – symbolic derivatives – inverse of differential
operator – Green’s function – initial value problems – boundary value problems –
simple cases only

Module 2

Integral Equations

Definition of Volterra and Fredholm Integral equations – conversion of a linear
differential equation into an integral equation – conversion of boundary value
problem into an integral equation using Green’s function – solution of Fredhlom
integral equation with separable Kernels – Integral equations of convolution type –
Neumann series solution.

Module 3

Gamma, Beta functions

Gamma function, Beta function – Relation between them – their transformations –
use of them in the evaluation certain integrals – Dirichlet’s integral – Liouville’s
extension of Dirichlet’s theorem – Elliptic integral – Error function.

Module 4

Power Series solution of differential equation

The power series method – Legendre’s Equation – Legendre’s polynomial –
Rodrigues formula – generating function – Bessel’s equation – Bessel’s function
of the first kind – Orthogonality of Legendre’s Polynomials and Bessel’s

Module 5

Numerical solution of partial differential equations.

Classification of second order equations- Finite difference approximations to
partial derivatives – solution of Laplace and Poisson’s equations by finite
difference method – solution of one dimensional heat equation by Crank –
Nicolson method – solution one dimensional wave equation.


1. Ram P.Kanwal, Linear Integral Equation, Academic Press, New York.
2. Allen C.Pipkin, Springer, A Course on Integral Equations, Verlag.
3. H.K.Dass, Advanced Engg. Mathematics, S.Chand.
4. Michael D.Greenberge, Advanced Engg. Mathematics, Pearson Edn. Asia.
5. B.S.Grewal, Numrical methods in Engg.&science, Khanna Publishers.
6. R.F. Hoskins, Generalized functions, John Wiley and Sons.
7. Bernard Friedman, Principles and Techniques of Applied Mathematics, John
Wiley and sons
8. James P.Keener, Principles of Applied Mathematics, Addison Wesley.
9. P.Kandasamy, K.Thilagavathy, K.Gunavathy Numerical methods, S.Chand & co.



Module 1


Structural behaviour of shells-classification of shells-translational and rotational
shells-ruled surfaces-methods of generating the surface of different




curvature-synclastic and anticlastic surfaces.

Module 2
Classical theories of shells-thin shell-thick shell-small deflection theory-stress
resultants and deformations of shells without bending.

Module 3
Cylindrical shells-membrane theory of cylindrical shells-free body diagram of a
cylindrical shell element-formulation of equilibrium equation.

Module 4
Bending theory of cylindrical shells-stresses and deformation of circular
cylindrical shells-pressure vessels-cylindrical shells with uniform internal
pressure-free body diagram of a differential cylindrical shell element- formulation
of equilibrium equation.

Module 5
Finite element application on cylindrical shells-introduction to shell elements-flat
elements-axisymmetric elements- degenerated elements-general shell element.


1. Timoshenko, W Krieger, Theory of plates and shells, Mc Graw Hill.
2. Gol’oenveizen, Theory of elastic thin shells, Pergaman Press, 1961.
3. J Ramachandran, Thin shells theory and problems, Universities press.
4. Novoshilov V V,Theory of thin elastic shells, P Noordoff, Groningen,1959.

5. Baker E H, Kovalesky and Flrish, Structural analysis of shells, Mc Graw Hill,
New York.
6. Kraus H, Thin elastic shells, Wiley, New York, 1967.
7. Ramaswamy G S, Design and construction of concrete shell roofs, Mc Graw Hill,
New York.
8. Wilhelm Flugge, Stresses in shells, Springs, Verlog, Berlin.


Module 1



Microwave and Transmission Towers: Introduction – Loads – Analysis of
Microwave & Transmission towers – Design of members – Design of foundation –
Design of Connections – Application using STAAD, SAP.

Module 2
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings: Introduction – Loads – Metal cladding – Design
of cold formed secondary framing – Optimization design of main frames – Wind
bracing – Frame connections (haunch, ridge) – Column base connections (fixed,
pinned) – Application using STAAD, STRAP.

Module 3
Multi-storey Buildings: Introduction – Anatomy of structure – Loads – Design of
columns – Design of composite beams – Design of composite floor – Bracings –
Connections – Application using STAAD, STRAP.

Module 4
Space Frames: Introduction – Structural types – Loads – Design of single layer
barrel vault – Design of single layer dome – Design of double layer flat – Design of
node connectors – Application using STAAD, SAP.

Module 5
Construction: Tolerances: Fabrication tolerances – Erection tolerances,
Fabrication: Economy – Shop activities – Quality management, Erection: Method
statement – programme – Machineries, Fire Protection: Regulations – Structural
performance – Methods of protection, Corrosion Resistance: Corrosion process –
Effect of environment – Protection methods.


1. Ram Chandra, Design of Steel Structures, Vol. II, Standard Book House, New
2. Alexander Newman, Metal Building Systems: Design and Specifications,
3. Graham W. Owens, Peter R. Knowles, Steel Designers Manual, Blackwell
Scientific Publications, Oxford, ISBN 0-632-03881-0.
4. Ramamrutham S., Design of Steel Structures, Dhanpat Rai Publishing Co., New
Delhi, 2001, ISBN 81-87433-36-1.
5. Ramaswamy G. S., Suresh G. R., Analysis, Design and Construction of Steel
Space frames, Thomas Telford Ltd., 2002, ISBN 0-7277-30142.
6. Edwin H. Gaylord, Jr., Charles N. Gaylord, Design of Steel Structures, McGraw-
Hill, Inc., Singapore, ISBN 0-07-112623-6.
7. IS: 800 – 1984, Use of Structural Steel in General Building Construction, BIS,
New Delhi.
8. IS: 802, Use of Structural Steel in Overhead Transmission Line Towers, BIS, New

9. IS: 875 – 1987, Code of practice for Design Loads (Parts I, II & III), BIS, New
10. IS: 806, Code of practice for use of Steel Tubes in General Building Construction,
BIS, New Delhi.
11. IS: 1161, Specification for Steel Tubes for Structural Purposes, BIS, New Delhi.



Module 1


Pavement types: stress distribution in pavements – theoretical subgrade conditions
and traffic loadings Basic difference between flexible and rigid pavements –
design factors – wheel load – equivalent single wheel load – repetition of loads –
elastic modulii – climatic variations.

Module 2
Design of flexible pavements: group index method – CBR method – IRC
recommendations – Me Load method – Burmister’s layer theory.

Module 3
Design of rigid pavements: radius of relative stiffness – critical load positions –
Westergaard’s stress equation – Bradley’s stress coefficients – design charts.

Module 4
Temperature stresses in concrete pavements: Westergaard’s concept – wrapping
stress – functional stress – combination of stresses.
Design of joints in concrete pavements: expansion joints – construction joints –
design of dowel bars – tie bars – IRC recommendation.

Module 5
Evaluation of pavement condition: pavement instrumentation – types of pavement
distress – roughness and skid resistance. Environmental influence and effects-
pavements maintenance and overlays.


1. Bindra B.S, Highway Engineering, Danpat Rai and Sons.
2. H.J.Yoder, Principles of Pavement Design, John wiley and sons
3. Khanna O.P, Justo C.G., Highway Engineering, Nem Chand Publishers
4. IRC Standard specifications for Construction of Flexible and rigid pavements



Module 1


Machine foundations: basic theory of vibrations-free and forced vibration of single

degree of freedom with and without damping-two degrees of freedom with and
without damping-dynamic soil properties-mass spring model and constants- elastic
half space approach-determination of dynamic soil constants in laboratory and
field based on IS code provisions. Modes of vibration of block foundation –natural
frequency of foundation of soil system by Barkan’s approach-methods of
analysis-Barkan’s method. Vertical translations, sliding, rocking, yawing (IS code

Module 2
Design of machine foundations: Static and dynamic design criteria-permissible
amplitude of vibrations for different types of machines. Foundations for
reciprocating machines- design criteria- calculation of induced forces and
moments- multi cylinder engines-Foundations subjected to impact type of forces
(hammer)-design data-design criteria-vibration isolation.

Module 3
Sheet Pile walls and Cofferdams: types and uses of sheet piles-design of cantilever
sheet pile walls in granular and cohesive soils-anchored bulkhead-free earth
support and fixed earth support method-coffer dams-uses- braced and cellular

Module 4
Special Foundations: Foundation for special structures such as water tanks, silos,
cooling towers, guyed structures, ground storage tanks, chimneys,
telecommunication towers, transmission line towers-foundation for under ground
conduits- foundation for coastal and offshore structures-pre-stressed foundations.
Shell Foundations-structural form and efficiency-different types.

Module 5
Foundations in Special soils: Foundation in expansive soil, soft and compressible
soils, problems associated with foundation installation- ground water lowering and
drainage- shoring and underpinning-different methods-damage and vibrations due
to constructional operations


1. Bowles.J.E, Foundation Analysis and DesignMc Graw Hill Publishing Company.
2. N.P.Kurian, Modern foundations Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing company
3. Srinivasulu P, Vaidyanathan C.V Handbook of Machine foundations
4. IS 2974-part I toV.
5. IS 5249



Module 1


Introduction: Environmental pollution – Magnitude of the industrial waste problem

in India – damage caused by industrial waste pollution. Effect of industrial wastes
on streams and sewerage systems: Computation of organic waste loads on streams
– Streeter phelps, Churchill and Thomas methods.

Module 2
Stream sampling: stream protection measures – effluent and stream standards.
Characteristics of industrial wastes: physical, chemical and biological. retreatment
of industrial wastes: waste volume reduction, waste strength reduction –
neutralization, equalization and proportioning.

Module 3
Theories of treatments processes: removal of suspended solids by sedimentation
and flotation, removal of colloidal solids by coagulation – removal of inorganic
solids by evaporation & ion exchange. Removal of organic solids: lagooning,
activated sludge treatment – extended aeration, step aeration, trickling filters. High
rate anaerobic treatment – up flow and down flow filters; up flow anaerobic sludge
blanket reactor – Disposal of sludge solids. Joint treatment of treated and untreated
wastes with domestic sewage – discharge of raw and treated wastes to streams.

Module 4
Major industrial Wastes and their treatment: pulp and paper industry – oil refinery
– textile industry – tannery.

Module 5
Treatment of industrial waste: canning – dairy – sugar – distillery.


1. M Narayana Rao, Waste water treatment, Rational methods of design and
Industrial practice, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd, Bombay.
2. Nelson Leonard Nemerow, Theories and practices of industrial waste treatment,
Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., Inc.
3. C Fred Gurnham, Principles of industrial waste treatment, John Wiley & Sons,
Inc., New York.
4. W Wesley Eckenfelder Jr., Industrial water pollution control, International
Edition, Mc Graw Hill Inc, New Delhi.
5. Hardam Singh, Industrial Waste water management Hand Book, Mc Graw Hill,



Module 1


Introduction: Hydrologic cycle-history of hydrology – application in engineering:
water resources in the world – water resources in India. Weather and hydrology:

Thermal circulation – effects of earth’s rotation – effect of’ land and water
distribution – migratory systems – fronts – measurement of temperatures – Lapse
rate of temperatures – geographic distribution of temperatures – time variations of
temperatures – properties of water vapour- Measurement of humidity – geographic
distributions of humidity – time variations in humidity-geographic variations of
wind – time variations of wind – scanning and predicting weather.

Module 2
Precipitation: types of precipitation – measurement of precipitation recording
gauges – automatic gauges radars -estimation of missing data and adjustment of
records – mean areal depth of precipitation -rain gauge network- design
principles-depth area duration curves – Hectograph and mass curve of rainfall –
analysis of rainfall data – moving average curves – design storms – probable
maximum precipitation curves snowfall and measurement. Determination of
snowmelt. Water Losses:.Evaporation-evaporation pans – evapometre, control of’
reservoir evaporation – soil evaporation – transpiration – estimation of evapo
transpiration – infiltration – infiltration curves – determination of infiltration-
irifiltration indices – water shed leakage – water balance.

Module 3
Runoff: Catchment characteristics – classification of streams – factors affecting-run
off, run off estimation by empirical formulae, curves infiltration method, rational
method, overland flow hydrograph and unit hydrograph, method. Hydrographs:
Separation of stream, flow components – hydrograph separation – unit hydrograph
– assumption – derivations of unit hydrograph – unit hydrograph of complex storms
– instantaneous unit hydrograph – synthetic unit hydrograph. .
Module 4
Floods: Definition of standard project flood – maximum probable flood – probable
maximum precipitation and design flood – estimation of peak flood-flood control.
Measures – flood forecasting techniques- flood routing – analytical and graphical
methods of flood routing. Sedimentation: The erosion process – factors controlling
erosion – suspended load, bed load – estimation of sediment load (basic principles
and statement of important.equations only) measurement of sediment load –
reservoir sedimentation – control of reservoir sedimentation.

Module 5
Probability analysis of hydrological data: mean, median, mode, mean-deviation,
standard deviation, variances and skewness of data normal, gamma, poisons, log
normal and pears and type III distributions – flood, frequency by fuller’s, Gumbel’s,
Powel and Ven Te chow methods.
Mathematical models in hydrology: definition of stochastic models, deterministic
models-conceptual models and empirical models- optimisation of models and
efficiency of models – method of determining 1UH by the s-curve hydrograph,
convolution integral and conceptual models – synthetic stream flow – flow at
ungauged sites – by multiple regression – reservoir mass curve – flood forecasting.


1. H. M.Reghunath, Hydrology, Wiley Easten Ltd., New Delhi.
2. Santhosh Kumar Garg, Hydrology and flood control engineering, Khanna
3. R.K. Linsley, M. A. Kholar, Hydrology for engineers, Tata Mc Graw Hill.



Module 1


Plate tectonics: Plate tectonics and drift of continents-Pangaea and drift of Indian
plate-formation of Himalayas-Tectonic frame work of South India -Tectonic
movements-their significance-methods of detecting tectonic movements – radar
interferometry & global positioning system.
Earthquake: Earthquakes in relation to plate tectonics-global seismic belts
-seismic zones of Inida-seismicity of South India-earthquakes in Kerala

-earthquake resistant structures-prediction
earthquake-Reservoir induced seismicity.

Module 2

of earthquake-defusing

Structural geology: Clinometer & Brunton compass-Measuring of strike and dip






lineaments-major lineaments in South India and Kerala.



Remote sensing: Basic concepts-electromagnetic radiation, spectral windows,
spectral signatures, sensors, false colour images, geocoded images. Remotesensing
Aerial photography: Basic concepts-stereopairs, stereoscopic vision,
stereoscope-Limitations of aerial photography.
Applications: Interpretation of imageries (brief description only). Application of
satellite imageries and aerial photographs in geological and hydrogeological

Module 3






and unconfined-Artesian wells-Geologic

formations as aquifer-laterite-sandy layers-weathered rock-fractured crystalline
rock- their distribution in Kerala-Structures used for tapping groundwater-Open
well, Bore well, Tube well & Filterpoint well (construction techniques not
expected). Saline water intrusion.

Module 4
Hydrolgeology – Groundwater exploration techniques: Hydrogeological,
geophysical & geobotanical methods-Geophysical method-resistivity


survey-Wenner and Schlumberger configurations-interpretation of resistivity
curve-curve matching technique.
Groundwater recharge: Natural & artificial. Structures used for artificial
recharge-checkdams, subsurface dams, open well & bore well. Selection of site
for subsurface dams-salient features.

Module 5
Practical Work: Identification of important rock forming minerals: 1.Quartz,
2.Feldspar, 3.Hypersthene, 4.Auguite, 5. Hornblende, 6. Biotite, 7.Muscovite,
8.Olivine, 9.Garnet, 10.Fluorite, 11.Tourmaline, 12.Calcite, 13.Kyanite, 14.
Kaolin, 15. Serpentine. Identification of common rock types: Igneous rocks:
1. Granite, 2. Syenite, 3. Diorite, 4. Gabbro, 5. Peridotite, 6.Dolerite,
7.Basalt, 8.Pegmatite.Sedimentary rocks: 1.Conglomerate, 2.Breccia, 3.Sandstone,
4.Limestone, 5.shale.Metamorphic rocks: 1. Gneiss, 2. Schist, 3. Slate, 4. Marble,
5. Quartzite, 6. Augen gneiss, 8. Mylonite, 9. Pseudotachyllite.
Special Indian rock types: 1. Charnockite, 2. Khondalite, 3. Laterite.
Recommended Field work: Field trips to learn identification of faults/lineaments
in the field and groundwater exploration techniques.


1. Arthur Holmes, Physical geology, Thomas Nelson.
2. Arthur D. Howard, Geology in environmental planning, McGraw Hills, New
3. M.P.Billings, Strucutural geology, Asia Publishing house, New Delhi.
4. N.W. Gokhale, A manual of problems in structural geology, CBS Publishers &
distributors, New Delhi.
5. Thomas M. Lillesand & Raiph W. Kiefer, Remotesensing and image
interpretation, John Wiley Sons, New York.
6. K.K.Rampal, Text book of photogrametry, Oxford & IBH Publishing company,
New Delhi.
7. David Keith Todd, Groundwater hydrology, John Wiley & sons, New York.
8. H.M. Regunath, Groundwater, Willey Eeastern Ltd.
9. HH.Read, Rutleys elements of mineralogy, George Allen & Unwin Ltd, London.
10. G.W.Tyrell, Principles of petrology, B.I. Publications, Bombay.
11. E.G. Ehler & H. Blatt, Petrology-igneous, sedimentary & metamorphic, CBS
Publishers & distributors, Delhi.



Module 1


Introduction-problems in nature-steady state problem-dynamic problem-stability
problem (Eigen value problem)-introduction to dynamic loading-D’Alembert’s
equation of equilibrium-inertia force-effect of damping-Hamilton’s principle.


Module 2
Single degree of freedom system-idealisation-free vibration-natural
frequency-resonance-forced vibration-lumped mass-consistent mass.
solution techniques-determinant search procedure-Householders method

Module 3
Introduction to stability analysis-energy principles-stable, unstable and neutral
equilibrium-fourth order differential equation for generalized bending
problems-elastic instability of columns-Euler’s theory-assumptions-limitations.
General treatment of column stability problem as an Eigen value problem-various
modes of failure for various end conditions- both ends hinged-both ends fixed-one
end fixed other end free- one end fixed other end hinged

Module 4
Beam column-beam column equation-solution of differential equation for various
lateral loads-udl and concentrated loads-solutions for various end conditions-both
ends hinged-both ends fixed-one end fixed other end free- one end fixed other end

Module 5
Finite element application to dynamics-element stiffness matrix and mass matrix
of a beam element. Finite element application to stability analysis- finite element
stability analysis-element stiffness matrix –geometric stiffness matrix-derivation
of element stiffness matrix and geometric stiffness matrix for a beam element.


1. Ray W Clough, Joseph Penzien, Dynamics of structures, Mc Graw Hill,
Kogabusha Ltd.
2. Ziegler H, Principles of structural stability, Blarsdell, Wallham, Mass, 1963.
3. Thompson J M, G W Hunt, General stability of elastic stability, Wiley, New York.
4. Timoshenko, Gere, Theory of elastic stability, Mc Graw Hill, New York.
5. Don O Brush, B O O Almorth, Buckling of Bars, plates and shells,
6. Cox H L, The buckling of plates and shells, Macmillam, New York, 1963.
7. O C Zienkiewicz ,.Finite Element Method ,fourth Edition,McGraw Hill,
8. R.D.Cook, Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis, John Wiley



Module 1
Internet: Definition-principles of internet working-protocols TCP/IP.


E-mail- architecture and services. World wide web- definition- linking of
documents in www-URL-DNS. Major categories of websites over Internet.
HTML-Tags and writing pages.


Module 2
Importance of Java – advantages – method of byte codes – object oriented
programming concepts in Java-data types – variables – arrays – operators – control
Classes: Overloading – inheritance – packages and interfaces – exception
handling-built in exceptions.

Module 3
Threads: Multi threading-string handling-an overview of important packages and
interfaces used in Java-Java.util,

Module 4
Applet: applet class-event handling-overview of event classes.
AWT: working with windows-graphics-text-AWT controls-layout
Module 5
Databases-JDBC connectivity- introduction to swing, RMI, servlets, COM,
CORBA, Java Beams.


1. MK Goel, Internet,
2. Herbert Schildt, Java the complete reference, Tata Mc Graw Hill.
3. Steven Holzner, Java 2 Black book, Wiley Dreamtech
4. Joseph L Weber, Using Java, Prentice Hall India New Delhi.
5. James Gosling, Java Programming.



Module 1


Statistical methods for Traffic Engineering: definition and probability – probability
distribution – Poisson, Binomial and normal distribution. Applications in traffic
engineering: sampling theory and significance testing – linear regression and
correlation – simple problems.

Module 2
Systems approach to transport planning: stages in transport planning – trip
generation – introduction and definitions – factors affecting trip generations and
attraction – Multiple linear regression analysis – category analysis – Modal split

Module 3
Trip Distribution: growth factor methods – synthetic methods. Trip Assignment:
purpose, general principle – assignment techniques.

Module 4

Parking: Parking problems – desirable parking space standards for different land
use -common methods of on- street parking, off-street parking facilities, parking
Street illumination: Definition of common terms – types and location of lanterns
on straight roads and junctions avoiding glare.

Module 5
Transportation Economics: Road user cost-Motor Vehicle operation cost – fixed
and variable costs – road user benefits – principles of economics – analysis through
annual cost – rate of return and benefit cost ratio methods – worked out problems.

1. Khadiyali L.R. Traffic Engineering and Transport planning, Khanna Tech
2. Hutchinson “Principles of Urban transport systems Planning
3. Martin & Whol Traffic system Analysis for Engineers
4. Donald Drew Traffic Flow Theory


Module 1


Clay mineralogy and soil structure: Gravitational and surface forces-inter sheet
and inter layer bonding in the clay minerals- Basic structural units of clay
minerals- isomorphous substitution – kaolinite mineral- montmorillonite mineral-
illite mineral- electric charges on clay minerals – base exchange capacity- diffused
double layer- adsorbed water- soil structure- methods for the identification of
minerals (introduction only).

Module 2
Effect of environment on Geotechnical properties of soils: Effect of drying on
Atterberg limits.-Volume change behaviour- factors controlling resistance to
volume change- general relationship between soil type, pressure and void ratio.-
importance of mineralogical composition in soil expansion. Activity-
sensitivity-causes of sensitivity-influence of exchangeable cations, pH and organic
matter on properties of soils. Permeability of soils- hydraulic conductivity of
different types of soils – Darcy’s law and its validity- factors affecting

Module 3
Wastes and Contaminants (introduction only): sources of wastes-types of wastes-
composition of different wastes- characteristics and classification of hazardous
wastes- generation rates- ground water contamination- sources of ground water
contamination- transport mechanisms-potential problems in soils due to

Module 4
Disposal and containment technics: Criteria for selection of sites for waste
disposal- hydrological aspects of selection of waste disposal sites- disposal

facilities- subsurface disposal technics-disposal systems for typical wastes
(sketches only)

Module 5
Containment control systems- liners and covers for waste disposal- rigid liners-
flexible liners. Ground modification technics in waste management – waste
modification- ground modification- mechanical modification-hydraulic
modification- chemical modification.


1. Mitchell, J (1976), “ Fundamentals of soil behaviour”, John Wiley and sons, New
2. Lambe, T. W & Whitman, R. V (1979), “ Soil Mechanics “, John Wiley and Sons,
New York.
3. Gopal Ranjan & A.S.R Rao (1991), “ Basic and Applied Soil Mechanics, Wiley
Eastern Ltd., New Delhi.
4. Wilson, M. J (1987), “ A Hand book of Determinative methods in Clay
Mineralogy”, Chapman and Hall, New York.
5. Robert M. Koerner (1984), “Construction and Geotechnical methods in
Foundation Engineering”, McGraw Hill Book Co., New York.
6. Yong R. N. (1992), “ Principles of contaminant Transport in Soils, “Elsevier,
New York.
7. Ramanatha Iyer T. S (2000), “Soil Engineering Related to Environment”, LBS



Module 1


Ground water seepage- Laplace’s equations for two dimensional flow- quick sand
condition- construction of flownets- confined and unconfined flow-seepage in
anisotropic soil conditions-piping-design of filters.

Module 2
Stability of earth slopes-modes of slope stability- analysis of slope stability
problems- Swedish circle method- Friction circle method- Taylor’s stability
chart-Bishop’s method- stabilization measures- instrumentation.

Module 3
Landslides: Introduction- movements associated with landslides-causes of
landslides-consequences, classification and analysis of landslides-investigation of
landslides-instrumentation-methods of preventing landslides.

Module 4
Earthquake effects on soil foundation system: earth quakes- ground
shaking-liquefaction- ground deformations-seismic provisions in building codes


Module 5
Underpinning: Introduction-reasons-pit underpinning-pile underpinning-driven
underpinning piles-shoring-special underpinning methods-moving structures


1. Hans.F.Winterkorn and Hsai Yang Fang Foundation Engineering handbook –
Van Nostrand Reinhold Company
2. Bowles E.J. Foundation analysis and Design. Mc Graw Hill Publishing Co.
3. Gopal Ranjan and A.S.R.Rao Basic and applied Soil mechanics New Age
International Publishing Company
4. Donald.P.Coduto Geotechnical Engineering –Principlesand practices, Prentice
Hall India



Module 1


Concepts of environmental impact analysis-Environmental protections,
legislations, laws and Acts-air quality legislation-energy legislation-fish and wild
life resources legislation-historical preservation legislation-factors for
consideration in assessing environmental impact concept-short term vs. long term

Module 2
Socio impact analysis-physical, social, aesthetic and economic
environment-examples of types of socio impact analysis.

Module 3






interactions-environmental impact-assessment methodology, case studies. Noise
impact analysis-effects of noise on people-estimating transportation noise

Module 4








standards-modelling-water quality impact by projects like High ways, power
plants, agriculture and irrigation, forest management, vegetation and wild life
impact analysis.

Module 5
Assessment methodologies-impact on biota-summerisation of environmental
impact-checklist method.


John G Rau, David C Wooten, Environmental impact Analysis Handbook, Mc
Graw Hill Book Company, New Delhi, 1980.




1. Determination of (a) solids – total, suspended, dissolved, fixed, volatile, settleable
2. pH Value.
3. Conductivity.
4. Chemical oxygen demand.
5. D. 0. and Biochemical Oxygen Demand.
6. Jar test and Turbidity.
7. Chlorine demand and residual chlorine.
8. Determination of iron.
9. Determination of sulphates.
10. Acidity and Alkalinity.
11. Hardness.
12. Nitrogen – various forms.
13. M. P. N. Fecal coliforms using A-l medium.
14. Measurment of smoke density for diesel vehicles.
15. Measurment of H C and CO of exhaust from petrol driven vehicles.
16. Measurment of suspended particulate matter in ambient air.


C 808



Each student is required to present a technical paper on a subject approved by the
department. The paper should in general reflect the state of the art. He/she shall
submit a report of the paper presented to the department. In addition to the seminar
he/she shall undertake a project work (as a team or individually) in the 7th
semester itself in consultation with the guide(s). On completion of the project
work, he/she shall present the work done before a panel of staff members, and
submit a report of the project work done to the department.


A comprehensive Viva-voce examination will be conducted to assess the student’s
overall knowledge in the specified field of engineering. At the time of viva-voce,
certified reports of seminar and project work are to be presented for evaluation

information technology

semester 3


Module 1

Mathematical Logic – Statements, connectives – Well formed formulas – Tautologies. Equivalence of formulas – Duality law Tautological implications – Normal forms – the theory of inference for the statement. Calculus – validity . Consistency, Theorem proving – the predicate calculus – Inference Theory of the predicate calculus.

Module 2
Number Theory: Prime and relatively prime numbers – modular arithmetic – Fermat’s and Euler’s theorems – testing for primability – Euclids algorithm – discrete logarithms. Relations & Functions – Properties of binary relations – Equivalence relations and partitions – Functions and pigeon hole principle.

Module 3
Algebraic systems – general properties – Lattices as a partially ordered set – some properties of lattices – lattices as algebraic systems – sub lattices – direct product – homomorphism – some special lattices.

Module 4
Discrete Numeric Functions & generating Functions, Recurrence relations – Manipulations of Numeric functions – generating functions – Recurrence – relations – Linear recurrence relations with constant coefficients – Homogenious solutions – Particular solutions – Total solutions – solutions by the method of generating functions.

Module 5
Graph Theory: Basic concept of graphs, subgraphs, connected graphs, Paths, Cycles, Multigraph and Weighted graph – Trees – spanning trees.


1. Elements of Discrete Mathematics – C.L.Lieu. McGraw Hill.
2. Discrete Mathematical Structures with Applications to Computer Science – J.P. Trembly, R. Manohar. McGraw Hill.
3. Discrete Mathematics – Richard Johnsoubaugh (Pearson Education Asia)
4. Discrete Mathematical Structures – Bernard Kolman, Robert C. Bushy, Sharon Cutler Ross, Pearson Education Asia.
5. A first look at Graph Theory – John Clark & Derek Allan Holton, Allied Publishers.
6. Cryptography and network security principles and practice – William Stallings.


Module 1

Introduction: – The resistance, capacitance and inductance parameters. Active element conventions, Dot convention for coupled circuits. Topological description of networks. The network equations- Kirchoff’s laws – source transformations. Loop variable analysis. Duality State variable analysis. Examples.

Module 2
First order differential equations – solutions. Time constants. The integrity factor – examples – Initial conditions in elements Geometrical Interpretation of derivation. Evaluating initial conditions. Initial State of a network.

Module 3
Second order equations – internal excitation. The Laplace Transformation – Basic theorems – examples. Transform of signal waveforms – Shifted unit sep function – Ramp and Impulse function. Waveform Synthesis – Initial and final value – Convolution as a summation

Module 4
Impedance function – Concept of Computer frequency. Transform Impedance and transform circuits, series and parallel combinations of elements.
Theorem – Super position, reciprocity, Thevenins and Norton’s theorems – proof and examples.

Module 5
Network functions – Terminal pairs – one port and two port networks – Ladder networks – General networks. Poles and zeros. Pole – zero locations for transfer functions. Pole – zero plot – domain behavior, stability. Two port parameters – two port variable – short circuit admittance parameters – open circuit impedance parameters – transmission parameters – hybrid parameters – parallel connection of two port networks.

Text Book

1. Network Analysis – M. E. Van Valkenburg – PHI


1. Introductory Circuit Theory – Errist A. Guillemin – John Wiley & Sons
2. Network Analysis and synthesis – Franklin F Kuo – John Wiley & Sons
3. Basic Network Theory – Paul M. Chirlian – Mc Graw Hill
4. Electric Circuit Analysis, 2nd Edition – S.N.Sivanadam, Vikas Publications


Module 1

Transistor – Biasing – Stability – Thermal runaway. Transistor As an amplifier – RC coupled amplifier, Frequency Response, Gain Bandwidth relation – Cascading of transistors – cascade Darlington pair – emitter follower.

Module 2
FET, FET amplifier – MOSFET, depletion and enhancement type – source drain characteristics and transfer characteristics.

Module 3
Oscillators – Concept of feed back – Transistorised phase shift oscillator – wein bridge Oscillator – Hartley Oscillator – Colpits Oscillator (Operation and Expression for frequency)

Module 4
Clipping, Clamping, Integration, Differentiation – Astable, Bistable and Monostable Multivibrators – Sweep generators, Simple Bootstrap sweep

Module 5
Power supplies & Special semi conductor devices – Regulator power supplies – IC regulated Power supplies, 7805, 7905, LM317 – LED, LCD, Photodiode, Photo transistor, opto coupler. Seven segment display, SCR, UJT (basic concepts only), DIAC, TRIAC.


1. Integrated Electronics – Millman and Halkias, McGraw Hill.
2. Pulse Digital and Switching wave forms – Millman and Taub.
3. Electronics Devices & Circuits – Boylsted & Neshelsky, Pearson Education.


Module 1
Problem solving with digital Computer – Steps in Computer programming – Features of a good program – Modular Programming – Structured – Object Oriented – Top down and bottom up approaches – Algorithms – Flowchart – Pseudocode, examples

C fundamentals: – Identifiers, keywords, data types, operators, expressions, data Input and Output statements, simple programming in C.

Module 3
Control statements & Functions: If – else, for, while, do – while, switch, break & continue statements, nested loops. Functions – parameter passing – void functions Recursion – Macros.

Structured data types: Single dimensional arrays – multidimensional arrays, strings, structures & unions – Program for bubble sort.

Module 5
Pointers & files – Declaration, passing pointers to a functions- Accessing array elements using pointers – Operations on pointers – Opening & Closing a file – Creating & Processing a file, Command line arguments.

1. Programming with C – Byron S. Gottfried, Tata McGraw Hill


1. Computer Programming in C – Kerninghan & Ritchie, PHI
2. Programming with ANSI and Turbo C – Ashok N. Kamthan, Pearson Eduacation
3. Let us C – Yeaswanth Khanetkar, BPB
4. Programming in C – Stephen C. Kochan, CBS publishers
5. Using C in Program Design – Ronald Leach, Prism Books Pvt. Ltd, Bangalore
6. Mastering Turbo C – Bootle, BPB Publications
7. Programming and Problem Solving with PASCAL – Micheal Schneider, Wiley Eastern Ltd.
8. Pointers in C – Yeaswanth Khanetkar, PBP
9. C Programming – A Modern Approach – K.N. Iling W.W. Norton & Company
10. Newyork Structured and Object Oriented Problem Solving using C++ – Andrew C Staugaard Jr., PHI


Module 1


Scientific Management, Evolution of management theory, Contributions of Taylor, Gilbreth, Gantt, Emerson, Definition and functions of management Authority, Responsibility, Delegation and Span of control, Types of structures of Organisation – Types of Business firms, Job evaluation and merit rating, Wages – Types of incentives.

Module 2
Procedure for ISO and ISI certification – Design, Development and implementation of re-engineering – Inspection – SQC control charts – quality assurance – TQM – ZERO defects.


Module 3
The Indian financial system – Reserve bank of India, functions – commercial banking system, profitability of public sector banks, development financial institutions – IDBI, ICICI, SIDBI, IRBI – Investment institutions – UTI, Insurance companies – The stock market – functions – Recent trends.

Module 4
Indian Industries – Industrial pattern – structural transformation – industrial growth – inadequacies of the programme of industrialization – large and small scale industries – industrial sickness and Government policy – industrial labour – influence of trade unions.

Module 5
The tax frame work – Direct and indirect taxes – impact and incidence – progressive and regressive – functions of the tax system – Black money – magnitude and consequences – Public debt – Debt position of the Central and State Governments – Deficit financing – revenue deficit and fiscal deficit – Problems associated with deficit financing.


1. Management – Stoner, Freeman and Gilbert.
2. Engineering Managemt – Mazda, Pearson Education.
3. Indian Economy – Ruddar Datt, S. Chand and Company Ltd.
4. A.N. Agarwal – Indian Economy Problems of Development and Planning, Wishwa Prakashan.


Module 1
Review of number Systems – Binary, Octal, Hexadecimal – Conversion,Binary codes – BCD, Self complementing, Excess – 3 and Gray code,
Alphanumeric codes Boolean Algebra – Postulates, Switching function, Sum of Product, Product of Sum, switching circuits, simplification – rules, laws and theorems, Karnaugh map, Completely and incompletely specified functions, Quine – Mc Clauskey method. Logic gates, Realization using logic gates, Design with NAND and NOR gates.

Module 2
Combinational logic circuits – adder – half and full, subtractor – half and full, Serial & Parallel adders, Carry save adder, Look ahead carry adder, BCD adder, Multiplexers, Encoders, Demultiplexers, Decoders, Comparators, Implementation of logic functions using multiplexers and decoders.

Module 3
Logic families – positive and negative logic, TTL NAND – analysis – characteristics, open collector gate, tri-state gates, ECL & IIL logic (Brief explanation only), CMOS – Inverter, NAND, NOR, Characteristics, properties, Comparison of logic families, Typical IC’s.

Module 4
Sequential logic Circuits – classification, flip flops – SR, JK, Master slave, D, T. applications, Truth table and Excitation table, Conversion of one type of flip flop to another. Memories – ROM- organization of a ROM, Programmable ROMs, EPROM, EEPROM, PLD – PLA and PAL, RAM – basic structure, static and dynamic RAM.

Module 5
Shift registers – SISO, SIPO, PISO, PIPO, universal shift register, applications, Ring counter, Johnson Counter. Binary counters – Asynchronous and Synchronous – Design, decade, Up-Down counters, Typical counter IC’s.

Text Book

1. Digital Electronics and Logic Design – B. Somanathan Nair – PHI 2002
2. Digital Fundamentals, 8th Edition – Floyd, Pearson Education.


1. Logic and Computer Design Fundamentals, 2nd Edn. – Morris Mano & Charles R. Kime, Pearson Education.
2. Digital Integrated Electronics – Taub and Shilling, McGraw Hill.
3. Digital Logic – Applications and Design – John.M.Yarbrough- Vikas Thomson Learning


1. Familiarization with computer system, Processor, Peripherals, Memory etc.
2. Familiarization of operating system-DOS, Windows etc. (use of files directories, internal commands, external commands, compilers, file manager, program manager, control panel etc.)
3. Familiarization with word processing packages like MS Excel, MS Access, MS PowerPoint and MS Word.
4. Programming experiments in C to Cover control structures-functions-arrays-Structures-pointers and files.

(Any experiment according to the syllabus of RT304 can be included.)


1. Characteristics – Diode, Zener Diode, Transistor, FET, UJT, Determination of parameters.
2. Rectifiers with filters- Half Wave, Full wave& Bridge
3. Simple regulator circuits- series regulator.
4. Design of a single stage RC coupled amplifier. Determination of Bandwidth, Input & Output Impedances.
5. Wave shaping. Design of clipping, clamping, RC differentiator and Integrator.
6. Design of Astable multivibrator for specified time period sharpening edges.
7. Simple sweep circuits.
8. RC Phase shift oscillator. Wein bridge oscillator

semester 4


Module 1

Ordinary Differential Equations: Linear Differential equations with constant coefficients – Finding P.I. by the method of variation of parameters –Cauchy’s equations- Linear Simultaneous eqns- simple applications in engineering problems.

Module 2
Partial Differential Equations – formation by eliminating arbitary constants and arbitary Functions – solution of Lagrange Linear Equations –Charpits Method – solution of homogeneous linear partial differential equation with constant coefficients – solution of one dimensional wave equation and heat equation using method of separation of variables – Fourier solution of one dimensional wave equation.

Module 3
Fourier Transforms: – Statement of Fourier Integral Theorems – Fourier Transforms – Fourier Sine & Cosine transforms – inverse transforms – transforms of derivatives – Convolution Theorem (no proof) – Parsevals Identity – simple problems.

Module 4
Probability and statistics: Binomial law of probability – The binomial distribution, its mean and variance – poisson distribution as a limiting case of binomial distribution – its mean and variance – fitting of binomial & poisson distributions – normal distribution – properties of normal curve – standard normal curve – simple problems in binomial, poisson and normal distributions.

Module 5
Population & Samples: Sampling distribution of mean ( known) –Sampling distribution of variance, F and Chi square test – Level of significance – Type 1 and Type 2 errors – Test of hypothesis – Test of significance for large samples – Test of significance for single proportion, difference proportion, single mean and difference of mean (proof of theorems not expected)


1. Higher Engineering Mathematics – B.S. Grewal, Khanna Publishers
2. Engineering Mathematics Vol.II -3rd year Part A & B – M.K. Venkataraman, National Publishing Company
3. Elements of Partial Differential Equations – Ian N.Sneddon.,McGrawhill International Edn.
4. Miller and Fread’s Probability and statistics for engineers – Richard A Johnson,Pearson Education Asia / PHI
5. A text book of Engineering Mathematics (Volume II) – Bali and Iyengar, Laxmi Publications Ltd.
6. Advanced Engg. Mathematics Erwin Kreyszig, Wiley Eastern Ltd. Probability and statistical inferences – Hogg and Tanis, Pearson Education Asia


Module 1

Introduction, Data structures, Algorithms-Analysis of algorithms, Time & Space Complexity, Big O notation, Complexity calculation of simple algorithms. Basic data structures-Arrays, Records, Sparse matrix representation & addition using arrays, Polynomial representation & addition using arrays, Stacks & Queues-Sequential Implementation, Circular queue, Priority queue & D queue.

Module 2
Linked lists- Linked stacks and queues, Doubly linked list, applications, Circular linked list, Polynomial representation using linked list

Module 3
Trees-basic terminology-binary tree-binary search tree-insertion, search, traversal, deletion, need for balancing, Balanced trees-AVL Trees & B Trees (basic idea only)

Module 4
Graphs –representation, traversal, applications Hashing- Hashing functions, Collision resolution Dynamic memory management, Storage allocation and compaction.

Module 5
Selection sort, insertion sort, bubble sort, radix sort, tree sort, heap sort, quick sort & merge sort Sequential search, binary search, Interpolation search


1. Introduction to Data Structures with Applications – Tremblay & Sorenson, TMH
2. Data Structures in C & C++ – Tanenbaum, et., al., Pearson Education
3. Classic Data Structures – Samanta, PHI
4. Data Structures and Algorithms – O.G.Kakde and U.A.Deshpande-ISTE Learning material
5. Data Structures and Algorithms in C++- Adam Drozdek, Vikas Thomson Learning.
6. Data Structures and Program design in C – Robert L Kruse,, Pearson Education
7. Introduction to Algorithms – Thomas.H.Coreman-PHI
8. Fundementals of Data Structures in C++ – Horrowits and Sahni- Galgotia
9. Algorithms + Datastructures = Program- NiklausWirth, PHI

Module 1

Operational Amplifiers – Block diagram, Equivalent circuit, Ideal Op Amp- characteristics, Non-ideal Op Amp – finite open loop gain, offset voltage, bias current, drift, frequency response, band width, CMRR, circuit stability and slew rate. Inverting, Non Inverting Amplifier, Integrator. Differential Amplifiers, Instrumentation Amplifiers, V to I and I to V converters, Precision rectifiers.

Module 2
Active Filters: Butterworth and Chebyshev filters- I & II order filters – low pass, high pass, band pass, band reject, filter design. Comparators, Oscillators, Multivibrators, Waveform generators.

Module 3
D/A converters- Weighted resistor, R-2R networks, Hybrid converters . A/D converters- Successive approximation, Integrating ADC, Dual slope, Flash converters (parallel), Analog multipliers.

Module 4
Voltage regulators- voltage references, block diagram of linear voltage regulators, voltage regulator ICs and their design, three terminal voltage regulators, negative voltage regulators, dual tracking and switching regulators.

Module 5
PLL: Operating principle, lock range and capture range, applications of PLL, building blocks of PLL, LM 565 and its applications. Signal generators- monolithic waveform generators. IC power amplifiers.


1. OP-AMPS and Linear Integrated Circuits, 4rd Edn. – Ramakant A.Gayakwad, Pearson Education
2. OP-AMPS and Linear Integrated Circuits, 6th Edn. – Coughlin and Driscoll, Pearson Education.
3. Microelectronics Circuits – Sedra & Smith, Oxford University Press
4. Integrated Circuits – K.R.Botkar, Khanna Publishers.
5. Microelectronics – Jacob Millman & Arvin Grabel, McGraw Hill.
6. Electronics Circuits – Donald L.Schlling and Charles Belove


Module 1 Introduction

Organization & Architecture, Functional Units of a computer, CPU-Memory connection, Review of basic operational concepts like CPU registers, Instruction formats, Addressing modes, Instruction cycle, Interrupt, Operating system, Interconnection structures, Layered view of a computer system. Internal architecture of a typical 8-bit Microprocessor (Intel 8085), Signals, Registers, Machine cycles

Module 2

Instruction set

Instruction set of 8085, Addressing modes-Register, Direct, Immediate, Indirect and Implicit addressing, examples Instruction types – Arithmetic, Logic, Data transfer, Branch, Stack, I/O and Machine control Instructions, examples (Assembly language programming not intended)

Module 3 CPU organization.
Processor Organization-Single bus and 2 bus organization, execution of a complete instruction, Hardwired and micro programmed control units, Sequencing, Horizonal & vertical microprogramming. Arithmetic-Review of addition & subtraction techniques, Carry look ahead &
Carry save addition, Multiplication-array multiplier, Booth’s algorithm, Division-Restoring & non- Restoring division

Module 4 Memory Organization.
Memory Hierarchy, characteristics, Memory system considerations, High speed techniques-Cache memory, Associative memory, Memory interleaving, Virtual memory-paging.

Module 5 I/O Organization.
I/O Module- Functions & Structure, I/O Processor, I/O techniques-Programmed I/O, Interrupt driven I/O, DMA Standard I/O interfaces: RS 232 C, GPIB, SCSI


1. Microprocessor Architecture, Programming & Applications – Ramesh S Gaonkar, Penram International
2. Computer Organization & Architecture -William Stallings, Pearson Education.
3. Computer Organization-Hamacher, Vranesic & Zaky, Mc Graw Hill
4. Computer System Architecture-Morris Mano, Pearson Education.
5. Computer Organization & Design-Pal Chaudhari, PHI


Module 1

Dynamic Representation of Systems – Systems Attributes- Causality linearity- Stability- time-invariance. Special Signals- Complex exponentials- Singularity functions (impulse and step functions).. Linear Time-Invariant Systems: Differential equation representation- convolution Integral. Discrete form of special functions. Discrete convolution and its properties. Realization of LTI system (differential and difference equations).

Module 2
Fourier Analysis of Continuous Time Signals and Systems – Fourier Series- Fourier Transform and properties- Parseval’s theorem- Frequency response of LTI systems. Sampling Theorem.

Module 3
Fourier Analysis of Discrete Time Signals & Systems – Discrete-Time Fourier series- Discrete-Time Fourier Transform (including DFT) and properties. Frequency response of discrete time LTI systems.

Module 4
Laplace Transform – Laplace Transform and its inverse: Definition- existence conditions- Region of Convergence and properties- Application of Laplace transform for the analysis of continuous time LTI system (stability etc.) Significance of poles & zeros- Z-Transform – Z-Transform and its inverse: Definition- existence- Region of convergence and properties- Application of Z-Transform for the analysis of Discrete time LTI systems- Significance of poles and zeros.

Module 5
Random Signals – Introduction to probability. Bayes Theorem- concept of random variable- probability density and distribution functions- function of a random variable. Moments- Independence of a random variable. Introduction to random process. Auto and cross correlation. wide-sense stationarity- power spectral density White noise- Random processes through LTI systems.


1. Signals and Systems: Oppenheim Alan- V- Willsky Alan. S- Pearson Edn.
2. Communication Systems: Haykin Simon- John Wiley.
3. Signals and Systems: I J Nagrarth- Tata Mc Graw Hill.
4. Signals and Systems: Farooq Husain- Umesh pub.
5. Adaptive signal processing: W Bernad- Pearson Edn.


Module 1

Need for OOP- Characteristics of Object Oriented Language- Basic concepts and terminology-C++ and object oriented programming C++ Programming basics, loops and decisions

Module 2
Structures- Structure specifier, accessing, nested structures, structures and classes. Functions- Declarations, definition, argument passing. Variables and storage classes

Module 3
Objects and classes –creation and usage, member functions, constructors and destructors Arrays- Definition, accessing, Arrays as class members, arrays of objects

Module 4
Operator overloading, Function overloading, Inheritance, Classification of inheritance, virtual functions, Polymorphism-Run time and compile time

Module 5
Advanced OO concepts- iterations and sequences, Virtual destructors, Virtual base classes, Templates, exceptions and exceptions handling, standard library design.


1. Object Oriented Programming in C++: Robert Lafore, Galgotia Publications
2. C++ Programming language: Bjarne Stroustrup, Pearson Education
3. Object Oriented Programming in C++: Nabajyoti Barkakati, PHI
4. C++ Primer: Lippman and Zajoie, Pearson Education
5. C++ for You++: Maria Litwin & Garry Litwin, Vikas Publishing
6. Object Oriented Programming Using C++: Ira Pohl, Pearson Education.
7. Standard C++ with Object Oriented Programming: Paul.S.Wang, Vikas Publishing.


Using C++ Modern Compiler

1. Desk Calculator example.
2. Name spaces and Exceptions
3. Programming with Multiple files
4. Using classes, derived classes
5. Templates
6. Standard Library, standard containers, algorithms, Strings, Streams
7. Using a Debugger

(Any experiment based on the syllabus of T 402 can be substituted.)

Simple experiments based on the syllabus of T 402 – Arrays, Stack, Queues, Trees,Simple sorting and searching techniques

semester 5


Module 1


General Concepts – Arrival pattern – service pattern – Queue disciplines – The Markovian model M/M/1/$, M/M/1/N – steady state solutions – Little’s formula.

Module 2


Introduction – solution of algebraic and transcendental equations – Bisection method – Method of false position – Newton’s method – Approximate solution of equations – Horner’s method solutions of linear simultaneous equations – Iterative methods of solution-Jacobi’s method – Gauss Seidal method.

Module 3


Meaning of operators – Δ, , μ ,δ ,E – interpolation using Newton’s forward and backward formula – Langrange’s and Newton’s divided difference interpolation formula – numerical differenciation – first and second order derivatives using forward and backward formula – numerical integration – trapizoidal rule – Simpson’s 1/3 and 3/8 rules.

Module 4


Graphical solution of LPP- general problem – solution of LPP using simplex method – Big M method – duality in LPP.

Module 5


Balanced transportation problem – initial basic feasible solution -Vogel’s approximation method – optimum solution by Modi method – Assignment problem – Hungerian techniques


1. Operations Research – P.K. Gupta & D.S. Hira, S.Chand & Co. Ltd
2. Advanced Engg Mathematics – Ervin Kreyszig, Wiley Eastern Ltd.
3. Higher Engg. Mathematics – Dr. B.S. Grewal, Khanna Publishers.
4. Operations research Schaum’s Outline Series – Richard Bronson,
5. Operations research – Panneer Selvam, PHI
6. Numerical Methods in Science & Engg. National Publishing Co.- M.K. Venkataraman,


Module 1 Introduction

O.S. Objectives and functions, evolution of O.S, Basic concepts and terminology, O.S. hierarchy, Different types of O.S – multiprogramming, time sharing, real time, microkernel, multithreading, multiprocessing, distributed O.S etc. (basic idea only), Windows – 2000 overview, UNIX overview.

Module 2 Process Management
Process – states, model, description, process hierarchy, scheduling, scheduler organization, scheduling strategies, Process synchronization – interacting processes, co-ordinating processes, critical section, deadlock, semaphores.
Processes and Threads, Multithreading, Multiprocessing, Brief study of process management in UNIX and Win 2000.

Module 3

Memory Management

Memory management requirements, Techniques, Partitioning, Paging, Segmentation, Virtual memory – hardware and software support, Brief study of memory management in UNIX, Linux, Win 2000 and Solaris.

Module 4

I/O and File Management

Design issues, Model of I/O organization, Disk scheduling policies and algorithms – RSS, FIFO, PRI, LIFO, SSTF, SCAN, C-SCAN, FSCAN etc. , Disk cache, File management systems, file system architecture, file organization and access,Directory structure, File allocation, sharing and security, Brief study of file management in Unix and Win 2000.

Module5 Distributed Systems
Advantages, Disadvantages, comparison of Network and distributed O.S, Client-Server architecture, Distributed message passing – RPC, Distributed Process management, Distributed memory management. Clustering – cluster
computer architecture, win 2000 cluster server.

Text Books

1. Operating systems, 4th Edition – William Stallings, Pearson Edn.
2. Operating system Concepts – Silber Schatz, John Wiley.


1. Operating Systems – Nutt, Pearson Edn.
2. Modern Operating System – Tannenbaum, PHI
3. Understanding Operating System – Flynn, McHoes, Thomson Publications.
4. System Programming and Operating System – Dhamdhere, TMH.
5. Guide to Operating Systems- Michel Parmer & Michel Walters, Vikas Thomson Learning


Module 1

Basic Concepts – Purpose of database systems-Components of DBMS – DBMS Architecture and Data Independence- Data modeling – Entity Relationship Model, Relational – Network- Hierarchical and object oriented models-Data Modeling using the Entity Relationship Model.

Structure of relational databases – relational databases – relational algebra- tuple relational calculus. Data definition with SQL, insert, delete and update statements in SQL – views – data manipulation with SQL

Module 3
Introduction to Transaction Processing- Transaction and System Concepts- Desirable properties of Transactions- Schedules and Recoverability- Serializability of Schedules-Query processing and Optimization- Concurrency Control- -assertions – triggers. Oracle case study: The basic structure of the oracle system – database structure and its manipulation in oracle- storage organization in oracle.- Programming in PL/SQL- Cursor in PL/SQL

Module 4
Database Design– Design guidelines– Relational database design – Integrity Constraints – Domain Constraints- Referential integrity – Functional Dependency- Normalization using Functional Dependencies, Normal forms based on primary keys- general definitions of Second and Third Normal Forms. Boyce Codd Normal Form– Multivalued Dependencies and Forth Normal Form – Join Dependencies and Fifth Normal Form – Pitfalls in Relational Database Design.

Module 5
Distributed databases: Distributed Database Concepts- Data Fragmentation, Replication and Allocation Techniques- Different Types- Query Processing – semijoin -Concurrency Control and Recovery.

Text Book

1. Fundamentals of Database System – Elmasri and Navathe (3rd Edition),Pearson Education Asia


1. Database System Concepts – Henry F Korth, Abraham Silbershatz , Mc Graw Hill 2nd edition.
2. An Introduction to Database Systems – C.J.Date (7th Edition) Pearson Education Asia
3. Database Principles, Programming and Performance – Patrick O’Neil, Elizabeth O’Neil
4. An Introduction to Database Systems – Bibin C. Desai


Module 1

Evolution of 8086 family of microprocessors – 8088 to Itanium, Internal architecture of 8086, block diagram, Registers, flags, Programming model, 8086 and 8088, 8086 memory organization, segmented memory, Physical address calculation, Memory Addressing, Addressing modes.

Module 2
Instruction set, Classification of instructions – Data transfer, Arithmetic and Logic instructions, Program control instructions, Simple programs in 8086 Assembly language. IBM PC Assembly Language Programming, program Development Tools – DEBUG, MASM, TASM etc.

Module 3
8086 hardware design – bus buffering and latching, bus timing – read and write, timing diagram, ready and wait states, Minimum mode and Maximum mode, 8086, Memory interface, address decoding.

Module 4
Comparative study of the features of the 8086, 80286, 80386, 80486, Pentium, Pentium Pro, Pentium II, Pentium III and Pentium IV Processors. Introduction to Micro controllers – architecture, applications.

Module 5
Study of Peripheral chips
8255 – Programmable peripheral interface
8251 – USART
8259 – Programmable interrupt controller.
8279 – Programmable keyboard and display interface.
8237 – DMA controller.
8254 – Programmable Interval Timer
Brief study of interfacing of Stepper motor, keyboard, 7-segment display and ADC with the Microprocessors.


1. The Intel Microprocessors 8086/8088, 80186/80188, 80286, 80386, 80486, Pentium, Pentium II, Pentium III and Pentium IV processors. Architecture, Programming and Interfacing, 6th Edn – Barry B Bray, Pearson Education Asia
2. The 80X86 family, 3rd Edn – John Uffenbeck, Pearson Education.
3. Micro computer Systems – The 8086/8088 Family, Architecture, Programming & Design- Liu & Gibson – PHI.
4. IBM PC Assembly Language Programming- Peter Abel, PHI
5. Microprocessors and Interfacing – Douglas V. Hall, TMH
6. Advanced Microprocessors & Peripherals- Roy & Bhurchandi, TMH


Module 1 Assembler

Overview of the assembly process- Design of two pass assembler- Single pass assembler- Macros – Macro definition and usage- schematics for Macro expansion – Design of a Macro pre-processor – Macro Assembler.

Module 2 Introduction to Compilers
Compilers and Translators – Structure of a compiler – lexical analysis – syntax analysis – context free grammars – basic parsing techniques- top down and bottom up parsing (brief idea only)- Recursive Decent parser – Shift reduce parser.

Module 3 Storage allocation
Data descriptors- Static and Dynamic storage allocation – Storage allocation and access in block structured programming languages – Array allocation and access- Compilation of expressions – Handling operator priorities – Intermediate code forms for expressions –code generator.

Module 4 Compilation of Control Structures
Control transfer- Conditional and Iterative constructs- Procedure calls – Code optimization – Optimization transformations – Local optimization and global optimization – Compiler writing tools – Incremental Compilers

Module 5 Loaders and Linkers
Loading – Program relocatability – linking – various loading schemes – linkage editing – Design of linkage editor – dynamic loading – overlays – dynamic linking.

Text Books

1. System Programming and Operating Systems – Dhamdhere Mc Graw Hill
2. Principles of Compiler Design – Aho A.V., Ullman Narosa Publications.


1. Systems programming – Donovan, Mc. Graw Hill.
2. System Software – An Introduction to Systems Programming – Leland L. Beck, Addison Wesley.
3. Compilers – Principles Techniques And Tools – Aho, Sethi, Ullman, Pearson Education Asia


Module 1

Communication concepts – Analog modulation – Various schemes – AM, PM, FM –Sampling theorem – Analog pulse modulation – PAM, PWM, PPM – Generation of various modulated waves (Block diagram only) –Digital Pulse modulation (PCM).

Module 2
Multiplexing – Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM) – Time Division Multiplexing (TDM), Synchronous Time Division Multiplexing –Statistical time Division multiplexing – Key Techniques – ASK, FSK, PSK, DPSK – Channel capacity – Shannon`s Theorem.

Module 3
Digital data transmission – Serial, Parallel, Synchronous, Asynchronous and Isochronous transmission. Transmission mode- Simplex – Half duplex – Full duplex, Noise- different types of noise – Basic Principles of Switching (circuit, packet, message switching)

Module 4
Error detection and Correcting codes: Hamming code – Block codes and convolution codes – ARQ techniques – Transmission codes – Baudot – EBCDIC and ASCII codes – Barcodes.

Module 5
Terminal handling – Point to point, Multidrop lines. Components of computer communication – Concentrators – Front end Processor – Transmission media – Guided media – Twisted pair cable, coaxial cable, fibre optic cable. GSM service and GSM system architecture.


1. Electronic communication system – Kennedy, Mc Graw Hill.
2. Principles of Communication System – Taub & Schilling Mc Graw Hill.
3. Introduction to Data Communications & Networking – Behurouz & Forozan Mc Graw Hill.
4. Data Communication, Computer Networks & Open Systems – Fred Halsall Pearson Education Asia
5. Principles & Application of GSM – Vijay K. Garg Pearson Education Asia
6. Modern Digital & Analog Communication Systems – B.P Lathi Prism Books Pvt. Ltd.
7. Computer Networks – A.S. Tanenbaum, PHI
8. Data and Computer Communication – William Stallings, Pearson Education Asia
9. Communication Engineering – A. Kumar, Umesh Publications

T 507 DBMS LAB 0+0+3

Experiments for performing the following:

1. Creation, Updating, Deletion of tables, indexes, views, reports, Queries, Relational Operations, Trigger
2. Importing and Exporting Data.
3. Use of Link Libraries.
4. Natural Language Support
5. Administration.
6. ODBC Interface
7. Exposure to Data Base management packages (Preferably on 4 GLs like ORACLE/INTEGRA/SYBASE, Foxpro or the latest packages)
8. Exercise in Pay Roll, Inventory Management, Library Management using the packages.

(Any experiment according to the syllabus of RT 503 can be substituted)


1. Study of 8 bit /16 bit microprocessor kit.
2. Assembly language programming with 8 bit /16 bit Microprocessor kit.
3. Interfacing experiments such as: –
a. Stepper motor control.
b. DAC/ADC interface.
c. Data Acquisition Board.
d. Keyboard interfacing.
e. Video display board.
f. LED moving graphic display board.
g. Serial communication.
4. IBM PC Assembly language programming using MASM/TASM

semester 6


Overview – Capital expenditure – Phases of capital budgeting – Project development cycle – 7-s of project management – Requirements of a project manager – Forms of project organization.

Market Analysis – Technical Analysis – Financial Analysis – Risk Analysis – Social cost Benefit Analysis.

Control Systems – Control of major constraints – Project management software & information systems. REVIEW: Performance of Evaluation – Abaudonment Analysis – Behavioral issues in Project Management

Quality systems – ISO 9000 series – ISI – Benchmarking – Quality Function development (QFD) – Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) – ISO 14000.

Sampling designs and schemes – Errors in sampling – Simple random sample – stratified random sample – Cluster sample. Sample size destination – Estimating population mean – Estimating population proportion.


1. Projects preparation, Apprisal, Budgeting & Implementation – Prasanna Chandra – Tata McGraw Hill
2. PROJECTS – Planning, Analysis, Selection, Implementation & Review – Prasanna Chandra – Tata McGraw Hill
3. Project Management – Harvey Maylor – Pearson Education
4. Total Quality Management – Dale H. Besterfield – Pearson Education
5. Quality control and Improvement – Amitava Mitra – Pearson Education
6. Quality assurance and TQM – Jain & Chitale – Khanna Publishers


Module 1 Introduction to Software engineering
Introduction – Software and software Engg.- Phases in software development-Software development process models-Role of Management in software development –Role of Matrics and measurement –Software requirement specification(SRS) – Problem Analysis – validation .

Module 2 Project Planning
Cost Estimation – Uncertainties – models – COCOMO model – Project scheduling – average duration estimation – Project scheduling and milestones – staffing and personal plan – Rayleigh curve – personnel plan – team structure – software configuration – management plans – quality assurance plans – verification and validation – inspections and reviews – project monitoring plans – time sheets – reviews – cost schedule – milestone graph – risk management.

Module 3 System Design
Design Principles – Problem partitioning and hierarchy – abstraction – modularity – top down and bottom_up – strategies – module level concepts – coupling – cohesion – structured design methodology – verification – matrics.

Module 4 Coding
Top-down and Bottom-up – Structured Programming – Information Hiding – Programming style – Internal Documentation – Verification – Code Reading – Static Analysis – Symbolic execution – Proving Correctness – Code inspections – Unit testing.

Module 5 Testing
Testing fundamentals – Functional and Structured Testing – Testing Process – Comparison of Verification and Validation Techniques – Reliability assessment – Programmer Productivity – Error removal efficiency.

Text Book

1. An integrated approach to Software Engineering – Pankaj Jalote, Narosa Publication


1. Software Engineering – Roger S. Pressman, Tata McGraw Hill
2. Software Engineering – Ian Sommervilla, Pearson Education
3. Software Engineering Theory and Practice- Shari Lawrence, Pearson Education Asia
4. Fundamentals of Software Engineering –Rajib Mall, PHI
5. Fundamentals of Software Engineering – Carlo Ghezzi, Mehdi Jazayeri, PHI



Review of signals and systems. Introduction – advantages and limitations of Digital Signal Processing. Infinite Impulse Response (IIR) Filters – Signal Flowgraph- Basic Network structure for IIR filter- Direct- Cascade- Parallel Forms. Design of IIR Digital filters from analog filters- Butterworth design- Chebyshev design- design based on numerical solutions of differential equations- Impulse Invariant Transformation.

Module 2
Finite Impulse Response (FIR) Filters: Linear phase FIR filters- Frequency response of linear phase FIR filters – Location of the zeros of linear phase FIR filters. Realization of FIR- cascade – lattice design-Fourier Series method- using windows-rectangular- triangular or barlett windows- hanning- hamming- Blackman- Kaiser windows.

Module 3
Discrete fourier Transform: Properties-Circular convolution- Linear Convolution using DFT- relation between Z- Transform and DFT- Fast Fourier Transform; decimation – in time and Frequency – FFT algorithms – General Computation using Radix 2 algorithm.

Module 4
Finite word length effects in digital filters: Introduction- Number Representation – Fixed Point- Sign-Magnitude – One’s-complement- Two’s – complement forms -Addition of two fixed point numbers- Multiplication in Fixed Point arithmetic – Floating point numbers- Block floating point numbers- quantization – truncation- rounding – effects due to truncation and rounding- Input quantization error – Product quantization error – Co-efficient quantization error- zero-input limit cycle Oscillations – Overflow limit cycle Oscillations – Scaling- Quantization in Floating Point realization IIR digital filters – Finite Word Length Effects in FIR Digital Filters- Quantization effects in the Computation of the DFT- quantization
errors in FFT algorithms.

Module 5
Applications of digital signal processing: Speech Processing- speech analysis- speech coding- sub band coding- channel vecoder- homomorphic vecoder- digital processing of audio signals- Radar signal processing- DSP based measurements systems. Equi ripple FIR design- PCM DSP chips- a general study.


1. Digital signal processing: Ifechor- Pearson edn.
2. Desecrate time signal processing Oppenhiem- Pearson edn.
3. Digital signal processing: Oppenhiem and Sheffer- PHI
4. Introduction to Digital signal processing: Johny R Johnson
5. Digital signal processing: Proakis and Manolakis.
6. Digital signal processing: P Ramesh Babu- Scitech Pub.


Module 1

Introduction: – ISO-OSI Reference Model – TCP/IP Reference Model – Comparison Network hardware-Repeaters, Routers, Bridges, Gateways, Hub, Cable Modem. Physical Layer: – Transmission Media– ISDN system Architecture – Communication Satellites – geostationary satellites – Medium Earth Orbit Satellites- Low earth orbit satellites– Satellite v/s Fiber

Module 2
Data Link Layer: – Design issues-Error Detection and correction – Elementary Data link protocols- Sliding window protocols. LAN Protocols: – Static & Dynamic channel allocation in LAN’s and WAN’s, Multiple access protocols – ALOHA – Pure ALOHA – Slotted ALOHA – Carrier
Sense Multiple Access protocols – persistent and non-persistent CSMA – CSMA with collision detection – IEEE 802.3 standards for LAN

Module 3
Network layer: -Virtual Circuits, Datagrams, Routing Algorithm – Optimality principle – Flooding – Flow Based Routing – Link state routing – Distance vector routing – Multicasting – Link state multicasting – Distance vector multicasting – Congestion Control Algorithms – General principles – Packet discarding – Choke packets – Congestion prevention policies – Traffic shaping – Leaky bucket algorithm – Flow specifications – jitter control

Module 4
Transport Layer: – Transport Service – Elements of transport protocols – Internet Transfer Protocols UDP and TCP – ATM – Principle characteristics.

Module 5
Application Layer: -Domain name system – DNS name space – Resource records – Name servers – operation of DNS – Electronic Mail – MIME
Mobile networks: – Mobile telephone systems, Bluetooth – Components – Error correction – Network topology – Piconet and scatternet – L2CAP layers – Communication in Bluetooth networks


1. Computer Networks (Fourth Edition): Andrew S.Tanenbaum, Pearson Education Asia/ PHI
2. An Introduction to computer networking: Kenneth C. Mansfield Jr., James L. Antonakos, Prentice-Hall India
3. Communication Networks: Leon, Garcia, Widjaja Tata McGraw Hill.
4. Computer Networks (Second Edition): Larry L Peterson & Bruce S Davie, (Harcourt India)
5. Computer Networking: James F Kurose & Keith W Ross, Pearson Education
6. Introduction to Data Communications and Networking: Behrouz, Forouzan, McGraw Hill


Module 1
HTML Documents Basic Tags for Font & Paragraph Formatting Lists, Tables, Frames, image Maps Cascading Style Sheets Style Element, Inline style sheets, Embedded style sheets, External Style sheets, CLASS Attribute, Absolute and relative positioning of elements, DIV & SPAN

Module 2
Dynamic HTML Pages Client side scripting – Java Script – variables, Arithmetic operations – message boxes, Arrays, control statements, functions, event handling, document object model. Dynamic updating of pages with JAVA Script. Embedding ActiveX controls – using the structured graphics – ActiveX Control.

Module 3
Java programming – Features of Java, Creating & using classes in Java – Static classes – Inheritance – Final methods, variables and classes – Interfaces – Nested classes – Inner classes – Anonymous Inner classes – Exception handling – Creating & using exceptions, Multithreaded programs and thread synchronization, creating and using packages. Creating GUI with AWT and Swing – -JDK1.1 event model

Module 4
Network Programming with Java – Features of Java – Applets & Application – Life cycle of applets – Security features for applets – Inter applet communication – Threads & Thread synchronization – TCP/IP Programming with Java – Iterative & Concurrent servers. Datagrams, IP multicasting, RMI (Structure and Working of a simple RMI Program only)

Module 5
HTTP Protocol working – HTTP methods, GET, PUT, DELETE, POST, HEAD Server side scripting – HTML Forms & CGI – GET & POST, Basic working of a CGI supported web server – Simple CGI program in C to validate user name & Password. Email: Working of SMTP and POP protocols (Overview only).

Text Books

Module 1,2,5
1. Internet and World Wide Web – How to program – Deitel, Deitel & Nieto, Pearson Education Asia
2. HTML, DHTML, Java Script, Perl, CGI – Evan Bayross, BPB

Module 3,4,5
1. Java 2 Complete reference – Herbert, Schildt, Tata McGraw Hill
2. The Java Programming Language 3rd Edition – Arnold, Gosling, Holmes, Pearson Education Asia
3. Using Java 2 Platform – Joseph Weber, PHI
4. Computer Networks – Tenanbaum, PHI/ Pearson Education Asia


1. Unix Network Programming – Stevens W Richard, PHI
2. TCP/IP Protocol suite, 2/e – Behrouz A. Forouzan, TMH


Module 1 Introduction to PC

Hardware components – study of motherboards –Different types of ports, slots and connectors-Add-on cards-Power supply– SMPS- function & operations.

Module 2 Storage Devices
Floppy – Floppy Disk Controller – Disk Physical specification & operations – Disk magnetic properties – Cylinders – Clusters – Hard disks – Hard disk drive operation – Magnetic data storage – Sectors – Disk formatting – partitioning – Hard disk features – Hard disk data transfer modes –Programmed I/O – Direct memory access – Ultra DMA – Data addressing – Standard CHS addressing – Extended CHS addressing – Logical Block Addressing.

Module 3 Optical Storage
CD ROM, CD Technology, Sector layout, CD-R, CD-RW, CDROM, drive specifications- data transfer rate – Access time – Constant linear velocity – constant angular velocity – Buffers – Interface – Magneto optical drives – WORM devices –DVD- RAID – Holographic storage.

Module 4 Memory Management in PC
Parity – ECC – Static & Dynamic RAM – Memory Addressing – Segmented addressing – 64 KB Limits – 640 KB barrier – Logical, segmented, virtual, linear and physical memory addresses – Extended and Expanded memory – Cache memory – Video memory – HMA – Flat memory model – Advanced memory technologies.

Module 5 Bus Structures
ISA, PCI, PCMCIA, AGP, USB, Hard Disk Interfaces – IDE, EIDE, ATA – Communication ports – Serial – Parallel port – Keyboard / Mouse Interface connectors.


1. PC Hardware Complete Reference – Craig Zacker & John Rourke, Tata McGraw Hill
2. Inside the PC (8th Edition) – Peter Norton, Techmedia Publications
3. The Indispensable PC Hardware Book – Messmer, Pearson Education
4. Troubleshooting and Repairing Your PC – Corey Candler, Wiley
5. Upgrading and repairing PC’s (4th edition) – Scott Mueller, Pearson Education
6. IBM PC Assembly Language Programming – Abel, PHI
7. PC Upgrading Maintenance & Trouble shooting guide – Dr. S. K. Chauhan, Kataria


1. Symbol table construction
2. Single pass and two pass assembler.
3. Macro processor module binder (with limited Instruction set)
4. Lexical analyzer.
5. Bottom Up and Top Down Parser.
6. Code generation.
7. Generation of code for linkers & loaders.
8. Study on UNIX: UNIX Shell Programming, Basic exercises in Processor
Management – concurrent processing – memory management –
implementation of shared memory and semaphores for process
synchronization – device management – dead lock handling,
implementation of simple protocols

(Any experiment according to the syllabus of T 502 and RT 505 can be substituted.)


The aim of the mini project is to prepare the students for the final year project. The topic for the mini project should be simple as compared to the main project, but should cover all the aspects of a complete project

semester 7


Module 1

Introduction: object oriented development-modeling concepts – object oriented methodology – models – object oriented themes-Object Modeling– links and associations – advanced links and association concepts – generalization and inheritance – grouping constructs – a sample object model- Advanced Object Modeling: aggregation – abstract classes – generalization as extension and restriction – multiple inheritance – metadata – candidate keys – constraints

Module 2
Dynamic modeling: Events and states – Operations – Nested state diagrams – Concurrency – Advanced dynamic modeling concepts – A sample dynamic model – Relationship of Object and Dynamic models.
Functional modeling: Functional models – Data Flow Diagrams – Specifying operations – Constraints – A sample functional model – Relation of functional to Object and Dynamic models.

Module 3
Analysis: Analysis in object modeling, dynamic modeling and functional modeling, Adding operations- Iterating the analysis
System Design: Breaking system into subsystems – Identifying concurrency-allocating subsystems to processors and tasks, managing of data stores. Handling of global resources- handling boundary conditions-Common Architectural Frameworks

Module 4
Object Design: Overview of Object design – Combining the three models – Designing algorithms – Design optimization – Implementation of control – Adjustment of inheritance – Design of association – Object representation – Physical packaging – Documenting design decisions-Comparison of methodologies

Module 5
Other Models: Booch’s Methodology- Notations, models, concepts. Jacobson Methodology- architecture, actors and use-cases, requirement model, Analysis Model, Design model, Implementation model and Test Model-Unified Modeling Language (UML).

Text Books

1. Object Oriented Modeling and Design -JamesRumbaugh, Prentice Hall India
2. Object Oriented Analysis and Design with Applications – Grady Booch, Pearson Education Asia


1. Object Oriented Software Engineering – Ivan Jacobson, Pearson Education Asia
2. Object Oriented Software Engineering – Berno Bruegge, Allen H. Dutoit, Pearson Education Asia
3. Object Oriented Analysis and Design using UML – H. Srimathi, H. Sriram, A. Krishnamoorthy
4. Succeeding with the Booch OMT Methods -A practical approach – Lockheed Martin, Addison Wesley
5. UML and C++ practical guide to Object Oriented development – Richard C.Lee & William, Prentice Hall India.



Introduction to Computer Graphics: Basic concepts in Computer Graphics – Applications of Computer Graphics, Interactive Graphics system – Raster scan and Random scan systems – Generating a raster image, Application of raster scan graphics. Video Display Devices, Display processors – Display files – graphical input & output devices.

Module 2
2D Graphics: Line drawing algorithms – DDA, Bresenham’s – Bresenham’s Circle drawing algorithm – 2D Transformations, Clipping – Line clipping – Polygon Clipping, Windowing.

Module 3
3D Graphics: 3D display methods, 3D Object Representation – Polygon Surfaces – Quadratic surfaces – Spline Representations – Bezier Curves and Surfaces – B-Spline Curves and Surfaces, 3D Transformations.

Module 4
3D Rendering: Three-Dimensional Viewing-Projections, Clipping, Visible Surface Detection – Classification of Visible surface detection algorithms – Back-face Detection, Depth- Buffer Method, Scan-line Method. Surface Rendering Methods-Basic illumination Models – Polygon–rendering Methods, Gouraud Shading, Ray-Tracing Methods.

Module 5
Advanced Technologies: Fractals – Classification of Fractals – Self-Squaring Fractals, Animation- Raster Animation, Morphing.

Text Book

1. Computer Graphics (C version) – Donald Hearn & Pauline Baker (PearsonEducation Asia)


1. Computer Graphics- Donald Hearn & Pauline Baker (Prentice Hall of India)
2. Principles of Interactive Computer Graphics – William .N. Newman, Robert .F. Sproull (second edition), McGraw Hill edition
3. Computer Graphics Principles & Practice – Foley, VanDam, Feiner, Hughes (second edition in C), Addison Wesley
4. Fundamentals of Computer graphics & – D. P. Mukherjee, Prentice Hall of India multimedia
5. Java 2 complete reference – Herbert, Schildt, Tata McGraw Hill
6. Computer Graphics – Roy A Plastack & Gordon Kally (Schanmi Series McGraw Hill edition)


Module 1

Optical Fibre communication

Advantages, Disadvantages, System block diagram, Fibre types, Cable configurations, Light propagation through optical fibre, Fibre configurations, Acceptance angle and acceptance cone, Cable losses, Light sources, Light detectors.

Module 2

Microwave communication

Advantages, Analog Vs Digital Microwave, Frequency modulated microwave radio system – Transmitter, Repeater, Receiver (block diagram only) Microwave terminal station – transmitter and receiver, path characteristics – fading.

Module 3

Satellite Communication

Satellite orbits, Geostationary satellites, Satellite classifications, Spacing, Frequency allocation, Satellite uplink and down link models (block diagram only), Earth station, Multiple accessing – FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, Satellite Radio Navigation, GPS (Basic idea only)

Module 4

Mobile Communication

Mobile communication services, Cellular telephone, Concepts – Cells, Frequency reuse, Interference, Cell splitting, Segmentation and Dualisation, Call system layout, Call processing, Analog and Digital Cellular Telephones, Block diagram of a typical transceiver, PCSS Mobile telephone system.

Module 5 Advanced Concepts
Concepts of Wireless LAN, ISDN-Protocol, Architecture, B-ISDN, ATM Blue tooth Technology WAP and WWW- Architecture, Protocols and Applications.

Text Book

1. Electronic Communication Systems, Fundamentals Through Advanced, 4th Edn – Wayne Tomasi, Pearson Education.


1. Electronic Communication Systems, TMH, 4th Edition. – Kennedy
2. Electronic Communications, PHI, 4th Edition. – Roddy & Coolen
3. Mobile Communications – Jochen Schiller, Pearson Education.
4. Electronic Communication systems, 3rd Edition – Frank R Dungan, VikasThomson Learning



Definition of multimedia, multimedia, hardware, software applications and software environments, – Media Types – Analog and digital video, digital audio, music and animation – Analog & Digital video – Memory storage – Basic tools – Authoring tools.

Module 2


Text – Hyper text – Sound – Sound cards – Standards – Image – Image types – Image compression, RLE, JPEG, MPEG – Fractal and Wavelet Compressions – Image file types – Animation – Capture and Playback techniques. (basic ideas only)
The Compact Disc family, CD-interactive, Digital Video Interactive, QuickTime, Multimedia PC and Microsoft Multimedia Extensions.

Framework: Overview, Media classes, Transform classes, Format classes and Component classes – Problems related to programming – Composition, Synchronisation, Interaction, Database integration.

Moving pictures – Techniques realistic image synthesis, Virtual Reality – Full motion digital video – Video capture techniques – multimedia networks – Desktop video conferencing – Future multimedia.


1. Multimedia Programming Objects, Environments & Framework.- Simon J. Gibbs, Dionysios C. Tsischritziz (Addison-Wesley Publishing Co.)
2. Multimedia: Computing, Communications andApplications- Ralf Steinmentz and Klara Nahrstedt, Pearson Education.
3. Multimedia making it work – Tay Van Ghan – Osborne Tata Mcgraw Hill
4. Authoring Interactive multimedia – Arch C Luther
5. Optimizing your Multimedia PC – L.J. Skibbe, Susan Lafe Meister – Comdex
6. Multimedia Bible – Winn L. Rosch, Sams
7. Multimedia in Action – James E. Shuman, Vikas Publication
8. Multimedia Power Tools – Peter Jellam, Random house Electronic Pub.
9. Multimedia Computing – Mathew E. Hodger & Russel M. Sasnett, Addison wesley
10. Integrated Multimedia Systems – Palikom, The communication Wall Overview


Module 1

Introduction to SGML – features – XML, XML as a subset of SGML – XML Vs HTML – Views of an XML document – simple XML documents – Starting & Ending of Tags – Attributes of Tags – Entity References – Comments – CDATA section

Module 2
Document Type declarations – Creating XML DTDs – Element type declaration – Attribute List Declaration – Attribute types – Attribute defaults – Displaying XML Data in HTML browser as HTML tables – Storing XML data in HTML document – Converting XML to HTML with XSL minimalist XSL style sheets – XML applications

Module 3
Java Beans: Features – Designing Java Beans – Creating and using properties – Induced – bound and constrained properties – using and creating events – Introspection – creating & using Beanlnfo clauses – customization – providing custom property editors and GUI interfaces.
Module 4
JSPs – Creating simple JSP Pages – templating – Request time expression – Request & Response objects – Reading parameter values – Using Javabeans in JSPs – Reading & setting Properties of JavaBeans – Connecting forms & bean properties – Serialized beans – declaring variables & methods in pages – scriptlets – conditionals, loops & execution handling in JSPs with scriptlets – Accessing beans via scriptlets.

Module 5
EJB – Basics of EJB – Types of Beans – Development of Session Beans – Steps – Creating & Implementing Interfaces – Writing Deployment descriptors – Packaging and deploying bean – using the bean from a client – Development of stateful session bean. Entity beans – Features (Basics of developing and using entity beans)


Module1, 2
1. XML by Example: Building Ecommerce applications – Sean McGrath, Pearson Education Asia

Module 3
1. Using JAVA 2 Platform Special Edition – Joseph L. Weber, Prentice Hall of India
2. Java 2, AWT, Swing, XML and JavaBeans Programming Black Book – Steven Holzner, Wiley Dreamtech

Module 4
1. Java Server pages – Larne Pekowsky – Pearson Education Asia
2. JSP: Java server pages – Barry Burd, IDG Books India

Module 5
1. Mastering Enterprise Java Beans and the Java 2 Platforms, Enterprise Edition – EdRoman (WILEY computer publishing)
2. EJB Design Patterns – Floyd Marinescu

Additional Reference

1. Internet & Web Technologies – Raj Kamal, TMH

T 706 ELECTIVE -I 3+1+0


1. CMELRPTA 706-01
2. T 706-02
3. RT 706-03
4. RT 706-04
5. RT 706-05
6. RT 706-06
7. T 706-07


Optimization Techniques
Digital Image Processing
Principles of real time systems
Windows Programming
Mobile Computing
Software Architecture
Optical Communication

New Elective subjects related to the recent trends in Information Technology can be added to this list. Institutions offering such courses should submit the detailed syllabus and get it approved from the University before offering the course.


Module1 Classical optimization techniques
Single variable optimization – Multivariable optimization with no constraints – Hessian matrix – Multivariable saddle point – Optimization with equality constraints – Lagrange multiplier method – Multivariable optimization with inequality constrains – Kuhn- Tucker conditions.

Module 2 Constrained multivariable optimization
Elimination methods – unrestricted search method – Fibonacci method – Interpolation methods – Quadratic interpolation and cubic interpolation methods.
Module 3 One-dimensional unconstrained minimization
Gradient of a function – Steepest descent method – Newton’s method – Powells method – Hook and Jeeve’s method.

Module 4 Integer – Linear programming problem
Gomory’s cutting plane method – Gomory’s method for all integer programming problems, mixed integer programming problems.

Module 5 Network Technique
Shortest path model – Dijkstra’s Algorithm – Floyd’s Algorithm – minimum spanning tree problem – PRIM algorithm – Maximal Flow Problem algorithm.


1. Optimization theory and application – S.S. Rao, New Age International P. Ltd.
2. Optimization Concepts and applications in Engineering – A. D. Belegundu, T.R. Chandrupatla, Pearson Education Asia.
3. Principles of Operations Research for Management – F. S. Budnick, D. McLeavey, R. Mojena, Richard D. Irwin, INC.
4. Operation Research an introduction – H. A. Taha, Eastern Economy Edition.
5. Operation Research – R. Pannerselvam, PHI


Module 1

Introduction to Digital Image Processing, The Fourier and Z-Transform of Multi dimensional Sequences, Digital image processing in practice, igitalizing images, Characteristics of an image digitiser, Types of Image Digitisers. Image processing software, Software organization, processing sequence the gray level histogram, Introduction to histograms, Uses of histograms, Relations between histogram and image.

Module 2

Point operations, Uses, Linear point operations, Point operations and the histogram, Applications of point operations. Introduction to algebraic operations, Applications, Geometric operations, Grey level interpolation, Spatial transformation, applications, geometric operations, linear filtering theory – Harmonic signals and complex signal analysis.

Module 3
Convolution operation, Applications of digital filtering some useful functions, Convolution filtering – Dimension sampling, Reconstruction of images from its samples, Nyquist rate, Aliasing and foldover frequencies. Non rectangular grid sampling, Practical limitation in sampling and construction. Display aperture and interpolation, Moire effect and flat field response.

Module 4
Processing sampled data, Computing data, Truncation, Optics and System analysis, Diffraction limited optical systems, Abbreviation in an imaging system. Applications of Digital image processing – Image restoration, Approaches and models, Super resolution, System identification, DTF from degraded image spectrum, noise modeling.

Module 5
Image Segmentation by Thresholding, Optimal threshold selection, Gradient optical threshold selection, Gradient based methods, Region growing techniques – Segmented image structure. Measurement and classification size, shape, Measurements, Feature selection, Classification 3 dimensional image processing optical sectioning, CAT Stereo – Metric ranging, Stereoscopic image display – shaded surface display.


1. Digital Image Processing- Kenneth R. Castleman, Prentice Hall.
2. Digital Image Processing – Rafael C Gonzalez & Richard E Woods, Pearson Education
3. Discrete Time Signal Processing- Oppenheim and Schafer, Prentice Hall of India.
4. Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing- Anil K. Jain, Prentice Hall of India.
5. Introducing Digital Image Processing- Jensen J.R, Prentice Hall.
6. Image Processing, Analysis & Machine Vision –Sonka, Hlavac & Boyle, Thomson Learning


Module 1

Introduction to Real Time Systems – Structure of real time systems, real time computer, task classes – Periodic, Aperiodic, critical, Non-critical, definition of real time systems – real time systems, embedded systems – Hard real time
systems, soft real time systems, real time design issues.

Module 2
Real time kernel – polled loop systems, co-routines, interrupt driven systems – sporadic, fixed rate systems, hybrid systems, task control block – task status, scheduling – uniprocessor scheduling – traditional rate monotonic, rate monotonic deferred server, EDF, IRIS tasks – multiprocessor scheduling – utilization balancing algorithm, next-fit, bin- packing algorithm, myopic offline, buddy strategy (no need of proofs) fault tolerant scheduling.

Module 3
Communication – Communication Media and message sending topologies, network architecture issues, protocols – contention – based, token – based, stop and go multiloop, polled bus, hierarchal, round robin, fault tolerant routing – clocks and synchronization – fault tolerant synchronization in hardware, synchronization in software.

Module 4
Fault tolerance – definition, cause of failure, fault types, fault detection and containment, redundancy – hardware, software, time, information, integrated failure handling – reliability – parameter values – series – parallel systems, NMR clusters, combinational model, master chain model, fault latency, transient faults, software error models.

Module 5
Programming Languages – Desired language characteristics, Real time databases, characteristics, main memory databases, Transaction, Disk schedule algorithms, Databases for hard real time systems, maintaining serialization constituency.

Text Book

1. Real Time Systems – C.M Krishna, Kang G. Shini (M?C Graw Hill)


1. Real Time Systems, Design & Analysis – Philip Laplante (IEEE)


Module 1

Introduction -Concepts of Windows Programming- Event Driven Programming – Languages that support Windows Programming – Visual Basic – Java – Visual C++ Visual Basic Programming: Basic Language features – Variables, data types, constants, control statements – Forms – Creating and Using basic Controls – text boxes, labels, buttons – Event handling procedures – Properties Window – Common properties for Controls. Message boxes

Module 2
Visual Basic Programming (Contd) Standard Controls – List boxes, Comboboxes, Image box, picture box, Shape controls, Timer, Scrollbars, Frames, Checkboxes, Option Boxes – Frames – File, Drive and Directory List boxes – MDI and SDI interfaces – Menus

Module 3
ActiveX controls – RichTextBox, Tree View Control, List view Control, Progessbar, Flexgrid Control, Common dialog Controls – Font, File, Print Dialogs – Creating Custom activex controls – Creating Events and properties for ActiveX controls.

Module 4
Graphics and Multimedia – Drawing Graphics in Windows – setting colors – Drawing text, lines, ellipses, arcs, circles – plotting points –Filling figures with colors and patterns – Using clipboards to transfer images between applications Printing graphics and text – Creating animations with Picture clip control – applying image effects – stretching, flipping, embossing, egraving, blurring, sweeping – Using the Multimedia Control – Handling multimedia Errors

Module 5
Database Access – Using DAO, RDO and ADO for accessing databases – Creating tables, inserting, deleting and updating records – Using the Data Control – Using the ADO Data Control Using Windows API: Using DLL Procedures in Visual Basic – Declare statement
– Handling C++ and Windows Data types – Playing sound with API funtions –
Capturing Images from the screen – Handling mouse outside Applications
window – Making an ‘always on top’ window.


1. Visual Basic 6 Programming Black Book – Steven Holzner (Dreamtech Press)

2. Programming Windows fifth Edition
3. Visual Basic
4. Visual Basic
5. Using Visual Basic

– Charles Petzlod (Microsoft Press)
– Ivan Petrosaus (BPB)
– Garry Cornell (BPB)
– Resselman (PHI)


Module 1



Introduction – Short History, Mobile telephone systemsSimplified Reference

model. Multi carrier modulation. Cellular systems.

Module 2
Wireless Communication Systems -Telecommunication Systems-GSM &
DECT-Architecture and Protocols.Satellite Systems-GEO, LEO, MEO.






Broadcasting-Multimedia Object Transfer Protocol. Digital Video Broadcasting.

Module 3
Wireless LAN and ATM – Infra red and Radio Transmission, Infrastructure and ad
hoc networks, 802.11- Bluetooth- Architecture, Applications and Protocol, Layers,
Frame structure. Comparison between 802.11 and 802.16.
Wireless ATM- Services, Reference Model, Functions, Radio Access Layer.
Handover- Reference Model, Requirements, Types, handover scenarios.
Location Management, Addressing, Access Point Control Protocol (APCP).

Module 4
Mobile Network and Transport Layers – Mobile IP- Goals, Requirements, IP
packet delivery, Advertisement and discovery. Registration, Tunneling and
Encapsulation, Optimization, Reverse Tunneling, IPv6, Dynamic Host configuring
protocol, Ad hoc networks – Routing, DSDV, Dynamic source routing.
Hierarchical Algorithms.
Traditional TCP, Indirect TCP, Snooping TCP, Mobile TCP, Transmission.

Module 5
Wireless Application Protocol & World Wide Web
WAP- Architecture, Protocols-Datagram, Transaction, Session.-Wireless
Application Environment-WML- Features, Script- Wireless Telephony
WWW- HTTP, Usage of HTML, WWW system architecture.

Text Book

1. Mobile Communications – Jochen Schiller, Preason Education Asia


1. Computer Networks – Andrew S. Tanenbaum, PHI
2. Communication Networks -Fundamental Concepts and Key Architectures
Leon-Garcia & Indra Widjaja, Tata McGraw Hill



Module 1


Introduction to Software architecture – Architectural styles – pipes and filters


–data abstract and object oriented organization – Event based, implicit invocation,
Layered systems – Repositories – Interpreters – Process control – Heterogeneous

Module 2
Shared Information Systems – Integration in software Development Environment
– Integration in the design of Buildings – Architectural structures for based
information systems

Module 3
Guidance for user interface architecture Artificial design space – Formal models
and specifications-The value of architectural formalism – Formalizing the
architecture of a specific system – Formalizing the architectural style –
Formalizing an architectural design space

Module 4
Linguistic issues – Requirements for architecture – Description languages – first
class connectors – Adding implicit invocation to factorial processing languages.

Module 5
Tools for architectural design – Unicon – Exploiting style in architectural design
environments – Architectural interconnection


1. Software Architecture – perspectives on an emerging discipline- Mary Shaw,
David Garlan, PHI


T 706-7

Module 1


Optical fibres: Graded index and step index fibres- refractive index profiles,
numerical aperture propagation of optical beams in fibres. Mode characteristics
and cut off conditions (mathematical derivations required). MCVD technique for
fibre fabrication, losses in fibres- attenuation, absorption, scattering and radiation

Module 2
Signal distortion in fibres – Intra model and inter model distortion – group delay ,
material and wave guide dispersion. Optical sources : Light Emitting diodes –
LED structures – surface and edge emitters, mono and hetero structures – internal
– quantum efficiency , injection laser diode structures – comparison of LED and

Module 3
Optical Detectors: PN junction photo diodes, PN Photo detectors, Avalanche

photo diodes, construction, characteristics and properties, Comparison of
performance. Optical amplifiers (OAs): Need for OAs, Principles of operations of
various OAs – SLAs, fibre amplifiers (FRA, FBA, EDFA). Comparison of

Module 4
Optical communication systems: Direct detection and heterodyne receivers. SNR,
advantage of coherent optical communications. Optical digital communications,
Transmission link analysis, point to point links – system consideration – link
power budget and rise time budget.

Module 5
Classification of light wave systems – linear systems: Intensity modulated Direct
Detection (IMDD) and coherent systems. Non linear systems. Introduction to
solitons –Solitons communications using lumped amplifiers, Bit error Rate


1. Optical Fibre Communications- Gerd Keiser, Mc Graw Hill.
2. Fiber Optic Communications, 4th Edition. – Joseph C.Palais, Pearson Education.

3. Optical Fibre Communications- Senior, PHI.
4. Fibre Optic Communication – D C Agarwal, Wheeler Pub.
5. Optical Communication Components & Systems – Franz & Jain, Narosa
6. Optical Communication Systems – Gowar, PHI


T 707

1. Programs for
a. Point plotting
b. Line and circle drawing
c. Line and Polygon clipping
d. Transformations
e. Hidden line elimination
f. Curves
2. Web page design with HTML
3. Multimedia development using PowerPoint, 3D Studio, Adobe Photoshop.
4. Familiarization of latest multimedia development tools.

T 708



1. Analog optical communication experiments based on optical communication kits /
2. Digital optical communication experiments based on optical communication kits /
3. Digital communication experiments based on trainer kits.
4. Design of digital filters (software simulation using MATLAB/ SIMULINK)
5. FFT, DFT Implementation using software simulation (MATLAB/ SIMULINK)
6. Study of transmission media – coaxial cables –
Types-Hubs-Bridges-Repeaters-Routers-Gateways –Switches
7. Study of modems-NIC-Cable connectors and their usages
8. Study of Internet-accessing, services and applications
9. Simple network programming experiments in Java.


T 709/ T 808


Each student is required to present a technical paper on subject approved by the
department. The paper should, in general, reflect the state of the art technology.
Report should be submitted to the department.

In addition to the seminar, the students shall undertake a project work (as a team
or individually) in the 7th semester itself in consultation with the guide (s). On
completion of the project work in the 8th semester, each student shall present the
work done before a panel of staff members, and submit a report of the project
work to the department.

semester 8



Introduction: Security basics – Aspects of network security – Attacks – Different types – Hackers – Crackers – Common intrusion techniques –Trojan Horse, Virus, Worm – Security services and mechanisms.

Module 2
OS Security – Protection Mechanisms –Authentication & Access control – Discretionary and Mandatory access control – Authentication mechanisms – Official levels of computer security (DoD) – Security breaches – Concept of a hole – Types of a holes – Study of the security features for authentication, access control and remote execution in UNIX, WINDOWS 2000

Module 3
Cryptography: Basic Encryption & Decryption – Transposition & substitution ciphers – Caesar substitution – Polyalphabetic substitutions – Crypt analysis – Symmetric key algorithms – Fiestel Networks – Confusion – Diffusion – DES Algorithm – Strength of DES – Comparison & important features of modern symmetric key algorithms – Public key cryptosystems – The RSA Algorithm – Diffice Hellman key exchange – comparison of RSA & DES – Message Authentication & Hash functions – Digital signature

Module 4
Network & Application Security: Kerberos – X509 Authentication service – IP security Architecture – Secure socket layer – Electronic mail security – Pretty Good privacy – S/MIME – secure Electronic Transactions – Firewalls – Security mechanisms in JAVA platform – Applet security – Security policy and SecurityManager.

Module 5
Database Security: – Security issues – SQL security DAC based on granting & revoking privileges – MAC 4 multilevel security – Statistical database security.

Text Books

Module1, 4
1. Network Security Essentials Applications & Standards – William S., Pearson Education Asia

1. Modern operating System – Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Pearson Education Asia
2. Using JAVA 2 platform – Joseph L. Weber, Prentice Hall of India


1. Cryptography and network security principles and practice – William Stallings, Pearson Education Asia
2. Information theory coding and cryptography – Ranjan Bose, TMH

Module 4,5
1. Designing security Architecture Solutions – Jay Ramachandran, Wiley Dreamtech

Module 5
1. Database Security Mechanisms for Computer Network – Sead Muftic, John wiles


1. Security in Computing – Charles P. Pfleeger IEEE Computer Science Press
2. Database Security Mechanisms for Computer Network – Sead Muftic, John wiles
3. Designing Security Architecture Solutions – Jay Ramachandran, Wiley dreamtech

4. Firewalls Complete – Marcus Gonsalvus, TMH
5. Networking Technologies – Jaisal, Galgotia Publication
6. Security in Computer Operating System – G.O.Shea, NCC Blackwell Manchester Oxford
7. Mastering JAVA security: Cryptography, Algorithms and Architecture – Rich Helton, Wiley Dreamtech
8. Implementing IPv6 – Mark A. Miller P.E, IDG Books


Module 1

Introduction, Management and Systems, Classical and systems approach to organization, Organizational theory, Management and organizational
behaviour, Factors affecting productivity, Leadership Styles, Organizational Effectiveness, Managerial Grid, Tasks and functions of Management, General management system. ERP & Related technologies, MIS, DSS, EIS.

Module 2
The management process and information needs, Data Bank concept, Information systems for decision making, Automation of Decision making,
Management science and the Decision rule, Decision assisting Information systems – MIS, DSS, EIS, ERP.

Module 3
Management Information systems, Strategic and Project Planning for MIS, Conceptual system design, detailed system design, Implementation and maintenance. (Brief study only)

Module 4
ERP, Introduction, ERP-modules, benefits, market. Implementation Life cycle, Vendors, Consultants and Users, Future direction in ERP.

Module 5
Decision Support Systems – Managers and decision making, Decision Support Tools, Concept of DSS, Components, Basic concepts of Data Mining, Data Warehousing and Knowledge Management. Knowledge based decision support – Basic concepts only.

Module 1,2&3
1. Information Systems for Modern Management – Murdick, Ross & Claggett, PHI.

Module 4
2. Enterprise Resource Planning- Alexis Leon, TMH

Module 5
3. Decision Support Systems And Intelligent systems – Efraim Turban, Jay E. Aronson, Pearson Education.
4. Managing Information Technology- Bhushan Dewan, Vikas Publishing

T803 E-COMMERCE 2+1+0


Introduction to Electronic Commerce

E-Commerce Framework, Anatomy of E-Commerce Applications, E-Commerce Consumer & Organization Applications. E- Commerce and World Wide Web – Internet Service Providers, Architectural Framework for Electronic Commerce.

Module 2

Electronic Payment Systems

Types of Electronic Payment Systems, Digital Token Based Electronic Payment System, Smart Cards, Credit Cards, Credit card based Payment system, Online payment process, Risk in Electronic Payment Systems, Designing Electronic Payment Systems.

Module 3

Electronic Data Interchange

EDI – Architecture, Application in Business, EDI-Legal, Security and Privacy Issues, EDI standardization, EDI Envelope for Message Transport, Internet based EDI, EDI and MIME, Value added Network. EDI Gateways.

Module 4

Intra Organizational E-Commerce

Internal Information System, Work-flow Automation and Coordination, customization and internal Commerce, Supply Chain Management, Document Library, Types of Digital Documents, Technological Architecture for Internal Commerce, Corporate Data Warehouses, advantages of Data Warehouses.

Module 5

Recent Trends in E-Commerce

Marketing on the Internet, Advertising on the Internet, Multimedia in E-Commerce, Video Conferencing with Digital Videos, Broad Band
Telecommunication, Frame & Cell Relays, Switched Multimegabit Data Service (SMDS), Asynchronous Transfer Mode, Mobile Computing and Wireless Computing.

Text Book

1. Frontiers of Electronic Commerce – Ravi Kalakota & Andrew B Whinston/Pearson Education

1. Global Electronic Commerce – J Christopher Westland & Theodore H K Clark

2. E- Commerce The cutting edge of Business – Kamlesh K Bajaj & Debjani Nag / Pearson Education


Module 1

Introduction – Definitions – AI application areas – Example problems- Problems and problem spaces – Problem characteristics – Problem solving by searching, Searching strategies – Breadth first search, Uniform cost search, DFS, Depth – Limited search, Bi-directional search – Constraint satisfaction search.

Module 2
Informed search, A* algorithm, Heuristic functions – Inventing Heuristic functions – Heuristic for constraint satisfaction problem – Iterative deepening – Hill climbing – Simulated Annealing.

Module 3
Game playing and knowledge structures – Games as search problem – Imperfect decisions – Evaluation functions – Alpha – Beta pruning – state of art game programs, Introduction to frames and semantic nets.

Module 4
Knowledge and Reasoning – Review of representation and reasoning with Logic – Inference in first order logic, Inference rules involving quantifiers, modus ponens, Unification, forward and backward chaining – Resolution.

Module 5
Introduction to Prolog – Representing facts – Recursive search – Abstract data types – Alternative search strategies – Meta predicates, Matching and evaluation, meta interpreters – semantic nets & frames in prolog.

Text Books

Module 1,2,3,4

1. Artificial Intelligence – A modern approach – Stuact Russell – Peter Narang, Pearson Education Asia
2. Artificial Intelligence – Rich E. – McGraw Hill Booq Company

Module 5
3. Artificial Intelligence – George F Luger, Pearson Education Asia


1. An Introduction to Artificial Intelligence – Eugene Charniak & Drew McDermot, Pearson Education Asia

T 805 ELECTIVE – II 3+1+0
List of elective subjects

1. CMELRPTA 805-01
2. RT 805-02
3. T 805-03
4. RT 805-04
5. RT 805-05
6. RT 805-06
7. T 805-07
8. T 805-08


Advanced Mathematics Client Server Computing High Performance Computing Analysis and Modeling of Digital Systems Distributed Computing
User Interface Design Satellite & Mobile Communication Data Compression New Elective subjects related to the recent trends in Information Technology can be added to this list. Institutions offering such courses should submit the detailed syllabus and get it approved from the University before offering the course.


Module 1 Green’s Function

Heavisides, unit step function – Derivative of unit step function – Dirac delta function – properties of delta function – Derivatives of delta function – testing functions – symbolic function – symbolic derivatives – inverse of differential operator – Green’s function – initial value problems – boundary value problems – simple cases only

Module 2

Integral Equations

Definition of Volterra and Fredholm Integral equations – conversion of a linear differential equation into an integral equation – conversion of boundary value problem into an integral equation using Green’s function – integral equation with separable Kernels – Integral equations of convolution type – Neumann series solution.

Module 3

Gamma, Beta functions

Gamma function, Beta function – Relation between them – their transformations – use of them in the evaluation certain integrals – Dirichlet’s integral – Liouville’s extension of Dirichlet’s theorem – Elliptic integral – Error function.

Module 4

Power Series solution of differential equation

The power series method – Legendre’s Equation – Legendre’s polynomial – Rodrigues formula – generating function – Bessel’s equation – Bessel’s function of the first kind – Orthogonality of Legendre’s Polynomials and Bessel’s functions.

Module 5

Numerical solution of partial differential equations

Classification of second order equations- Finite difference approximations to partial derivatives – solution of Laplace and Poisson’s equations by finite difference method – solution of one dimensional heat equation by Crank – Nicolson method – solution one dimensional wave equation.


1. Linear Integral Equation – Ram P.Kanwal, Academic Press, New York
2. A Course on Integral Equations – Allen C.Pipkin, Springer – Verlag
3. Advanced Engg. Mathematics – H.K.Dass, S.Chand
4. Advanced Engg. Mathematics – Michael D.Greenberge, Pearson Edn. Asia
5. Numrical methods in Engg. &Science – B.S.Grewal, Khanna Publishers
6. Generalized functions – R.F. Hoskins, John Wiley and Sons.
7. Principles and Techniques of Applied Mathematics – Bernard Friedman, John Wiley and sons
8. Principles of Applied Mathematics – James P.Keener, Addison Wesley.
9. Numerical methods – P.Kandasamy, K.Thilagavathy, K.Gunavathy, S.Chand & co



History – uses – Client Server Computing & Hetrogenous Computing – Cross Platform Computing Distributed Computing – The costs of Client Server Computing – Advantages and Disadvantages – Client Server Databases.

Module 2 DESIGNS
Fundamentals of client server design – Managing the interaction of client and server – Communications Techniques protocols & Client server interaction protocols – Preparing applications for client server – Optimizing applications for client server – Example client server implementations – Request acceptance dispatching – Execution of requests – Client server interaction using message.

Multi programming vs multitasking – Processor – Advantages and draw backs of multiple processor – Child and parent processor – Case study Novell Netware and Windows NT – Developing server applications – Threads – Server communication model.

Module 4


Scheduling implementations – processing queues – context switching pre emptive systems – critical sections – mutual exclusion – semaphores – semaphore implementations in NT & Netware.

Network communication – Inter process communication – Building portable client server applications.


1. Novell’s Guide to Client-Server Application & Architecture – Jeffrey D.Schqnk, Novell Press.
2. Client Server Computing – Dawna Travis Dewire, McGraw Hill.
3. Developing Client Server Applications -W.H.Inman, BPB.
4. Guide to Client Server Databases – Joe Salemi, BPB.
5. Client Server Strategies – David Vaskevitch, Galgotia.



Introduction to parallel processing – Trends towards parallel processing – Parallelism in uniprocessor – Parallel computer structures-Architecture classification schemes – Indian contribution to parallel processing.

Module 2
Principles of pipelining and vector processing – Linear pipelining – Classification of pipeline processors – General pipelines – Instruction and Arithmetic pipelines –Design of Pipilined instruction unit-Prinnciples of Designing Pipeline Processors- Instruction prefetch and branch handling- Dynamic pipelines – Architecture of Cray-1.

Module 3
Array processors – SIMD array processors – Interconnection networks – Static vs dynamic networks – mesh connected networks – Cube interconnection networks – Parallel algorithms for array processors – SIMD matrix multiplication-Parallel sorting on array processors – Associative array processing – Memory organization.

Module 4
Multiprocessor architectures and Programming – Loosely coupled and Tightly coupled multiprocessors – Interconnection networks – Language features to exploit parallelism – Process synchronisation mechanisms.

Module 5
Dataflow computers – Data driven computing and Languages – Data flow computers architectures – Static data flow computer -Dynamic data flow computer -Data flow design alternatives.

Text Book

1. Computer Architecture & Parallel Processing – Kai Hwang & FayeA.Briggs, McGraw Hill


1. Elements of Parallel computing – V. Rajaraman – PHI
2. Super Computers – V. Rajaraman – Wiely arstern
3. Parellel Processing for Super Computers & AI – Kai Hwange & Douglas Degneot
4. Mc Graw Hill
5. Advanced computer Architecture – Sima, Fountain and Kacsuk, Pearson Edn
6. High Performance Computer Architecture – Harold S. Stone, Addison Wesley.
7. Advanced Computing – Vijay P.Bhatkar, Asok V.Joshi, Arirban Basu, Asok K.Sharma.
8. Parallel Computers, Architecture and Programming – Rajaraman & Murthy, PHI


Module 1

Introduction to VHDL: Digital system design – Role of hardware description language- Modeling digital systems – events, propagation delays and concurrency – waveforms and timing – signal values – shared signals – simulation model – synthesis model – Field Programmable Gate Arrays.

Module 2
Basic language concepts simulation: signals – Entity architecture – concurrent statements – Constructing VHDL models using CSAs – delays.
Synthesis: Interface from declarations, simple CSA statements, conditional signal assignment statements, and selected signal assignment statements.

Module 3
Modeling behavior Simulation: The process construct – programming constructs – the wait statement – attributes – generating clocks and periodic waveforms – using signals – modeling state machines – constructing VHDL models – programming errors. Synthesis: language directed view – inference from within process – issues – signals vs. variables – latch vs. flip flop – the wait statement – state machine.

Module 4
Modeling structure: Describing structure – structural VHDL model – hierarchy, abstraction and accuracy – generics – component instantiation and synthesis – the generate statement Subprograms: functions – procedures – sub program and operator overloading – packages and libraries.

Module 5
Basic I/O operations – the package TEXTIO – ASSERT statement – terminology and directory structure – simulation mechanics – synthesis mechanics – identifiers – data objects – data types – operators.
Text Book

1. Introductory VHDL – Sudhakar Yalamanchili, Pearson Education Asia.

Reference s

1. VHDL primer – J Bhaskar, Pearson Education Asia

2. Analysis and modeling of digital systems – Zainalabedin Navabi, McGraw Hill.


Module I Introduction

Introduction to Distributed Systems, evolution, characteristics, design issues, user requirements, Network technologies and protocols – overview, MACH, AMOBEA- overview.

Module 2 Distributed file system
File service components, design issues, interfaces, implementation techniques, Sun Network File System – architecture and implementation, other distributed file systems – AFS, CODA. Name services – SNS name service model.

Module 3 Communication in distributed systems
Client server communication, Group communication, Message passing – features, synchronizations, RPC – model, implementation, stub generation, messages, marshalling, Server management. Distributed shared memory – Architecture, design issues, structure of shared memory space, replacement strategy, thrashing. Synchronization – clock synchronization, event ordering, mutual exclusion
Module 4 Resource and Process management
Features of scheduling algorithms, Task assignment approach, load balancing, load sharing, Process migration mechanisms, Threads – scheduling.

Module 5 Consistency maintenance
Transaction recovery – methods- intention lists, Fault tolerance – failures, Byzantine failures. Deadlocks in distributed systems – detection and prevention, centralized and distributed approaches.


1. Distributed Systems – Concepts and designing – George Coulouris, Jean Dellimore Tim Kindberg, Pearson Education Asia
2. Distributed Operating Systems – Andrew S. Tenenbaum Pearson Education Asia
3. Distributed Operating Systems – Concepts and designing – Pradeep. K.Sinha, PHI


Module 1 Introduction

Importance of user interface – definition, importance of good design, brief history – Graphical User Interface – Web User Interface – Principles of User interface design.

Module 2

Design Process

Human Interaction with computers, Importance of Human Characteristics, Human consideration, Human Interaction speeds – Understanding Business function

Module 3

Screen Designing

Design goals – screen meaning and purpose, organizing screen elements- ordering of screen data and content – screen navigation and flow – visually pleasing composition – amount of information – focus and emphasis – presenting information simply and meaningfully – information retrieval on web – Statistical graphics – Technological considerations in Interface Design.

Module 4

Windows and components

Menus and navigation schemes, selection of windows, Selection of device based and screen based controls – text and messages – icons and images – Multimedia – colours- uses, problems, choosing colours.

Module 5

Software tools

Specification methods, interface building tools
Interaction devices: keyboard and function keys – pointing devices- speech recognition, digitization and generation – image and video displays – printers.

Text Books

1. The Essential Guide to User Interface Design – Wilbert O. Galitz, Wiley Dreamtech
2. Designing the User Interface – Ben Shneiderman, Pearson Education Asia


1. Human Computer Interaction – John M. Carroll, Pearson Education Asia

2. The Essentials of User Interface Design – Alan Cooper, Wiley Dreamtech


Module 1

Satellite Communication – review of basic concepts – emerging trends in communication satellites- orbits – Geosynchronous and sun synchronous orbits – Kepler laws – power systems and eclipses – station keeping – altitude control and stabilization, Frequency plan and reuse Transponders, relative power levels- Transmission path and path loss – power and link budget calculations – S/N ratio- saturation flux density and noise consideration – EIRP.

Module 2
Multiple access Techniques,Satellite earth station,special purpose communication satellite, satellite launch vehicles.

Module 3
Spread spectrum Communication – Direct Sequence or Pseudo noise, Frequency hopping, Time hopping, Hybrid and Chirp spread spectrum systems. Applications of spread Spectrum.

Module 4
Mobile cellular communications – introduction – basic cellular system- performance criteria – uniqueness of mobile radio environment – operation of cellular systems – elements of cellular radio system design – general description – Frequency reuse – co channel interference reduction factor – desired C/I from a normal case in an omni directional antenna systems – hand off mechanism – cell splitting – consideration of the components of cellular system.

Module 5
Digital cellular systems – multiple access schemes – Global Systems for Mobile (GSM)- TDMA-CDMA-Miscellaneous Mobile systems. Intelligent cell concept, CDMA cellular radio network. Advanced intelligent network (AIN), AIN for mobile communications.


1. Electronics Communication 4th ed – Dennis Roody & John Coolen, PHI
2. Mobile Cellular Telecommunication -William C.Y Lee, Mc Graw Hill
3. Satellite Communications – D C Agarwal, Khanna Publishers.
4. Mobile Communications Satellite (Theory and Applications) – Tom Lodgdon, Mc Graw Hill.
5. Mobile and Personal Communication System and Services – Raj Pandya, PHI


Module 1

Introduction – signal compression – fixed rate Vs variable rate – lossless Vs lossy compression – sources, channels and codes – components of compression system – issues – quantization – optimal and adaptive quantization.

Module 2
Predictive coding – DPCM – linear prediction – adaptive prediction – delta modulation – adaptive delta modulation.

Module 3
Transform coding – orthogonal transformations – bit allocation – performance gain of transform coding – sub band coding – coding based on models of human perception (human auditory system and visual system)

Module 4
Vector quantization – introduction – memoryless vector quantizers – llyod algorithm – vector quantization design – tree structured VQ – multistep VQ – product codes – grain/shape VQ – lattice VQ – feedback vector quantization – vector predictive quantization – vector tree and trellis coders – adaptive VQ – VQ for speech coding – VQ for image coding.

Module 5
Compression standards – CELP standard for speech – JPEG standard for still images – ISO/MPEG standard for audio and video – introduction to fractal image compression – application of wavelet analysis in signal compression – data compression – review of entropy coding – Huffman, runlength, arithmetic and ziv – lempel coding.


1. Gersho A, Gray R.M, Vector Quantization and Signal Compression, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
2. Jayant N.S & Noll P., digital Coding of Waveforms – Principle and /applications to Speech and Video. – Prentice Hall.
3. Nelson M. Jean & Loup Gailly, The Data compression book, BPB publications.
4. Solari S.J, Digital Video/Audio Compression, McGrawHill.
5. Kondoz A.M, Digital Speech, John Wiley.
6. Rao R.M & Bopadikar A.S, Wavelet Transforms – Introduction to Theory and Applications, Addison Wesley & Longman Inc.

T 806 ELECTIVE – III 3+1+0

List of elective subjects

1. T 806-01
2. RT 806-02
3. RT 806-03
4. RT 806-04
5. RT 806-05
6. RT 806-06
7. RT 806-07
8. T 806-08


Information Theory and Coding Embedded Systems Neural Network Genetic Algorithm and Applications Advanced Networking Trends Data Processing and Analysis Techniques Bio metrics Fuzzy Systems New Elective subjects related to the recent trends in Information Technology can
be added to this list. Institutions offering such courses should submit the detailed syllabus and get it approved from the University before offering the course.

Module 1

Information Theory: Concept of amount of information, units – entropy, marginal, conditional and joint entropies – relation among entropies – mutual information, information rate, channel capacity – redundancy and efficiency of a channel, symmetric channels – binary symmetric channel (BSC), binary erasure channel (BEC), deterministic and noiseless channels – capacity of band limited Gaussian channels, Shannon – Hartley theorem – band width – SNR trade off – capacity of a channel of infinite bandwidth , optimum modulation systems.

Module 2
Source coding: Instantaneous codes – construction of instantaneous codes – Kraft’s inequality, coding efficiency and redundancy, noiseless, coding theorem – construction of basic source codes –Shannon –Fano Algorithm, Huffman Coding. Cryptography: Secret key Cryptography, block and stream ciphers, DES, public key cryptography, Diffie- Hellman Public key distribution – RSA system, digital signatures.

Module 3
Codes for error detection and correction -parity check coding – linear block codes – error detecting and correcting capabilities – generator and parity check matrices – standard array and syndrome decoding – Hamming codes – encoding and decoding.

Module 4
Cyclic codes – description – generator and parity check matrices – encoding of cyclic codes – syndrome computation and error detection, decoding of cyclic codes, BCH codes- description and decoding, Reed Solomon codes, burst error correction –block and convolutional interleaving.

Module 5
Convolutional codes – encoding – time and frequency domain approaches, state, Tree and Trellis diagrams – Transfer function and minimum free distance – maximum likelihood decoding of convolutional codes – The Viterbi Algorithm, Sequential decoding – Stack Algorithm. ARQ schemes – performance of ARQ – Probability of error and throughput.


1. Communication Systems – Simon Haykin, John Wiley & Sons Pvt. Ltd.
2. Principles of Communication Systems – Taub & Schilling, Tata Mc Graw Hill, New Delhi.
3. Principles of Digital Communication – Das, Mullick & Chatterjee. Wiley Eastern Ltd.
4. Information and Coding Theory – Dr. P. S. Sathya Narayana Probability Dynaram Publications, Bangalore.
5. Error Control Coding Fundamental s and Application – Shu Lin & Daniel J.Costello Prentice Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.


Module1 Overview of Embedded System

Embedded System, Categories of Embedded System, Requirements of Embedded Systems, Challenges and Issues in Embedded Software Development, Applications of Embedded Systems in Consumer Electronics, Control System, Biomedical Systems, Handheld computers, Communication devices.

Module 2 Embedded Hardware & Software Development Environment
Hardware Architecture, Micro-Controller Architecture, Communication Interface Standards, Embedded System Development Process, Embedded Operating systems, Types of Embedded Operating systems.

Module 3

Embedded Communication System

Serial Communication, PC-to-PC Communication, Serial Communication with the 8051 Family of Micro-controllers, Protocol Converter, Voice-over-IP, Embedded Applications over Mobile Network example MP3 Sound Player.

Module 4

Real Time & Database Applications

Real-Time Embedded Software Development, Sending a Message over a Serial Link, Simulation of a Process Control System, Controlling an Appliance from the RTLinux System, Embedded Database Applications using examples like Salary Survey, Energy Meter Readings.

Module 5

Java Applications & Future Trends in Embedded Systems

Networked Java-Enabled Information Appliances, Embedded Process Control System, Mobile Java Applications, Appliance Control using Jini, System on a Chip (SOC), Smart Cards and the Cashless Society, Security in Embedded Systems.

Text Book

1. Programming for Embedded Systems – Dreamtech Software Team, Wiley Dreamtech


1. Fundamentals of Embedded Software where C and Assembly Meet – Daniel W Lewis.


Module 1

Introduction – Principles – artificial neuron – activation functions – Single layer & multilayer networks – Training artificial neural networks – Perception – Representation – Linear separability – Learning – Training algorithms.

Module 2
Back Propagation – Training algorithm – Applications – network configurations – Network paralysis – Local minima – temporal instability.

Module 3
Counter Propagation networks: Kebenon layer – Training the cohenen layer – Pre initialising the wright vectors – statistical properties – Training the Grosbery layer – Full counter propagation network – Application.

Module 4
Statistical methods – Boltzmann’s Training – Cauche training – Artificial specific heat methods – Applications to general non-linear optimization problems.

Module 5
Hopfield nets – Recurrent networks – stability – Associative memory – applications – Thermo dynamic systems – Statistical Hopfield networks – Bidirectional associative memories – Continous BAM – Adaptive resonance theory – Architecture classification – Implimentation.

Text Book

1. Neural Computing Theory & Practice – Philip D. Wasserman.


1. Neural Networks – Simon Haykins
2. Adaptive Pattern Recognition & Neural Networks – Pay Y.H.
3. An Introduction to neural computing – Chapman & Hall


Module 1

Architecture-Altering Operations

Introduction, Previous Methods of Determining the Architecture of a Multi-Part Program – On the origin of new function- Architecture-Altering operations for Subroutines -Automatically Defined Iterations, Loops, Recursion, Storage. Self-Organization of Hierarchies and Program Architecture – Rotating the Tires on an Automobile – Boolean Parity Problem- Time-Optimal Robot Control Problem -Multi-Agent Problem – Using Architecture Altering Operations for Subroutines. Transmembrane Segment Identification Problem using Architecture-Altering Operations for Iterations-Fibonacci Sequence- Cart Centering.

Module 2

Genetic Programming Problem Solver (GPPS)

Elements of GPPS 1.0-Problems Illustrating GPPS 1.0 – Elements of GPPS 2.0 – Problems Illustrating GPPS 2.0 – Previous Work on Automated Analog Circuit Synthesis.

Module 3

Automated synthesis of analog electrical circuits

Synthesis of a Low-pass Filter and High-pass Filter The Role of Crossover in Genetic Programming.

Module 4

Evolvable Hardware

Evolvable Hardware and Rapidly Re-configurable Field-Programmable Gate Arrays
Discovery of cellular Automata Rules: Discovery of a Cellular Automata Rule for the Majority Classification Problem.

Module 5

Programmatic Motifs for molecular Biology

Automatic Discovery of Protein Motifs –Programmatic Motifs and the Cellular Location Problem.
Parallelization and Implementation Issues: Computer Time- Parallelisation of Genetic Programming –Implementation Issues.


1. Johin R. Koza, Forrest H Bennett III, David Andre, Martin A. Kean, “ Genetic Programming III: Darwinian Invention and Problem Solving”, Morgan Kaufmann, 1999.


Module 1

Ethernet Technology – Frame format – Interface Gap – CSMA/CD – 10 mbps Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, Wireless Ethernet – SONET – Sonet multiplexing, Sonet frame structure

Module 2
ISDN – Definition – Protocol architecture – System architecture – Transmission channels – ISDN interface, B-ISDN.

Module 3
ATM – ATM Principles – BISDN reference model – ATM layers – ATM adaption Layer – AAL1, AAL2, AAL3/4, AAL5 – ATM addressing – UNI Signaling – PNNI Signalling

Module 4
SATELLITE COMMUNICATION: Satellite communication principles – Geo stationary satellites – block schematic of satellite earth station – VSAT – VSAT networks – applications in personnel communication. (basic ideas only)

Module 5
Wireless Lan – Infrared Vs Radio transmission – Infrastructure & ad hoc n/w – IEEE 802.11 – Hiper Law – Bluetooth – Physical Layer – MAC layer – Networking – Security


Module 1
1. An introduction to Computer Networking – Kenneth C Mansfield, Jr., James L. Antonakos, PHI

Module 1,2,3
1. Communication Networks Fundamental Concepts & Key Architecture – Leon-Garcia – Widjaja, Tata McGraw Hill
2. Mobile Communication – Jochen Schiller, Pearson Education Asia


Module 1

Introduction to COBOL programming -elements of COBOL divisions, sections and paragraphs -Table writing – complete program in COBOL using various options verbs, statements-conditions and conditional statements.

Module 2
Table Handling – Occur clause – PERFORM verb – SET verb, SEARCH verb – Occurs depending clause – Sorting a Table.

Module 3
Processing of various file structures in COBOL Language – File description – Fixed Length Record – Statements – Sequential File with variable length record – Sorting and merging of files – Direct access files.

Module 4
Data warehousing – Definition – Multidimentional datamodel – OLAP operation – Data warehouse architecture – Warehouse Server – Metadata – OLAP Engine.

Module 5
Data mining – Definitions, KDD Vs Data mining, DBMS Vs DM – DM Techniques, Issues and Challenges in DM – DM application areas.


1. COBOL programming – M.K. Roy & D Ghosh Dastidar, Tata McGraw Hill
2. Data mining Techniques – Arun K Pujari (Universal Press)
3. Data mining Concepts and Techniques- Jawei Han & Micheline Kamber (Morgan Kunfmann Pub.)
4. Data Mining – Pieter Adriaans, Dolf Zantinge, Person Education Asia
5. Structured COBOL Programming- E. Rajasekar & S.Selvi (Anuradha Agencies)
6. Structured COBOL – A. S. Philippakis & Leonard, J. Kazmier (Tata McGraw Hill)


Module 1
Introduction – Benefits of biometric security – verification and identification – basic working of biometric matching – accuracy – false match rate – false nonmatch rate – failure to enroll rate – derived metrics – layered biometric solutions

Module 2
Finger scan – features – components – operation (steps) – competing finger scan technologies – strength and weakness Facial scan – features – components – operation (steps) – competing facial scan technologies – strength and weakness

Module 3
Iris scan – features – components – operation (steps) – competing iris scan technologies – strength and weakness Voice scan – features – components – operation (steps) – competing facial scan technologies – strength and weakness

Module 4
Other physiological biometrics-Handscan-retina scan- AFIS (automatic fingerprint Identification systems)-Behavieral Biometrics-Signature scan-Key stroke Scan.

Module 5
Biometrics Application – Biometric Solution Matrix-Bioprivacy-Comparison of privacy factor in different biometrics technologies – Designing privacy sympathetie biometric systems-Biometric standards – (BioAPI, BAPI) – Biometric middleware.


1. Biometrics -Identify Verification in a Networked World – Samir Nanavati, Michael Thieme, Raj Nanavati- WILEY-dreamtech

T 806-8 FUZZY SYSTEMS 3+1+0

Module 1

Introduction to Fuzzy sets and systems. Basics of fuzzy sets membership function, support of a fuzzy set, height – normalized fuzzy set, α – cuts (decomposition of a fuzzy set), set theoretic definitions on fuzzy sets, complement, intersection and union equality.
Module 2
Subsethood – basic definition based on membership functions. The law of the excluded middle and law of contradiction on fuzzy sets. Properties of fuzzy sets operations (logical proof only). Extension of fuzzy sets concepts – type –2 and level 2 fuzzy sets – examples.

Module 3
Operations on fuzzy sets – intersection, algebraic sum – product, bounded sum – product, drastic sum product, t -norms and t -conorms (s-norms) on fuzzy sets, typical parameterized t – norms and s-norms (with simplified proof). Extension principle and its applications.

Module 4
Fuzzy relation. Resolution form of a binary fuzzy relation. Operations on fuzzy relations – projection, max. – min. and min. and max., compositions cylindric extension. Similarity relations – reflexivity, symmetry, transitivity.

Module 5
Further operations on fuzzy sets and proposed by Zadeh – concentration dilation, contrast Intensification, a linguistic hedges, computation of the meaning of values of a linguistic variable, fuzzy algorithms, fuzzy engineering – applications of fuzzy controls, case studies.


1. Neural Fuzzy Systems – C.T Lin & C.S George Lee, Prentice Hall.
2. Fuzzy Systems Hand Book – Earl Cox, Associated Press.
3. Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic- Theory and Applications – Klir and Yuan, Prentice Hall of India.
4. IEEE Trans on Systems, Man & Cybernetics, vol. SMC – 3, No.1, January 1973, pp 28-44
5. Fuzzy Engineering – Bart Kosko, Prentice Hall.
6. Fuzzy Thinking, Bart Kosko – Hooper Collins Publications.

T 807 INTERNET LAB 0+0+4

1. Familiarization of Internet Accessing and Trouble shooting
2. Internet Programming with JAVA applets
3. Web development with XML, JAVA script, JAVA beans.
4. Implementation of Search Engine
5. Web Development with JSP and EJB
6. Familiarization to the latest web development tools
(Any experiment according to the syllabus of RT 605 and RT 705 can be substituted)

T 709 / T808 PROJECT & SEMINAR 0+0+4

Each student is required to present a technical paper on subject approved by the department. The paper should, in general, reflect the state of the art technology. Report should be submitted to the department.In addition to the seminar, the students shall undertake a project work (as a team
or individually) in the 7th semester itself in consultation with the guide (s). On completion of the project work in the 8th semester, each student shall present the work done before a panel of staff members, and submit a report of the project work to the department.


A comprehensive viva voce examination will be conducted to assess the student’s overall knowledge in the specified field of Engineering. At the time of viva voce, certified report of seminar, mini project and project work are to be presented for evaluation.



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